Global food security index


Published on

May 15 in Side Event "Exploring Resilience Through the Global Food Security Index: Private/Public Sector Solutions". Presented by DuPont Pioneer.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Global food security index

  1. 1. Global Food Security Index Focus on: Resilience for food and nutrition security for the Conference workshop: IFPRI 2020 May 15, 2014 Sponsored by
  2. 2. Overview of the Global Food Security Index The Global Food Security Index:  ranks and scores 107 countries  according to the structural resilience of their food systems  using 27 indicators from three categories: Affordability; Availability; Quality and Safety.  Employed a collaborative approach to framework development via an expert panel  The index examines the effectiveness of food systems across the internationally established dimensions of food security  Focus is on the underlying factors that influence the ability of consumers to access sufficient amounts of safe, high-quality and affordable food. The Global Food Security Index seeks to establish an evaluative framework for national food systems to understand the drivers of food security  Based on a central definition: Food security exists when people at all times have physical, social and economic access to sufficient and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs for a healthy and active life.
  3. 3. Geographic coverage: 107 countries in 2013, 2 to be added for 2014 Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, UK Canada, United States of America Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Zambia Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
  4. 4. Index Availability Quality and Safety Affordability Index framework: overview External Adjustment  Diet diversification  Nutritional standards  Micronutrient availability  Protein quality  Food safety  Food consumption as a share of household expenditure  Percent of population under global poverty line  GDP per capita, $US, PPP  Agricultural import tariffs  Presence of food safety nets  Access to finance for farmers  Sufficiency of supply  Public expenditure on agricultural R&D  Agricultural infrastructure  Volatility of agricultural production  Political stability risk  Corruption  Urban absorption capacity Food Price Adjustment Factor  FAO global food price index adjusted for income growth, exchange rates and a pass- through coefficient of global to national food prices on a quarterly basis  Applied to Affordability score  Released 22 April 2014 * Composite indicators are bolded.
  5. 5. Index framework: Quarterly Food Price Adjustment Factor • Beyond the baseline measure of food security provided in the annual model, quarterly affordability updates of the GFSI highlight the vulnerability of countries. • The quarterly price adjustment is a test of a country’s resilience in the face of global price volatility  The quarterly adjustment incorporates the following elements:  The FAO’s Food Price Index  National income changes  Quarterly exchange rates  The food price adjustment factor interprets the impact of the FAO’s global price change for each country by examining the historical relationship between global and national food price inflation. 2013 GFSI Affordability scores United States 86.8 Norway 86.5 France 83.7 Austria 83.4 Switzerland 83.2 Netherlands 83.2 Belgium 82.4 Canada 82.1 New Zealand 82.0 Denmark 81.8 Ireland 81.7 Germany 81.7 Finland 81.4 Sweden 80.8 Australia 08.1 X A global to national food price adjustment factor is applied to each country’s Affordability score. This factor is a transmission coefficient calculated based on the historic “pass through” rate of global to national food prices, and takes into account quarterly changes in income and exchange rates Price Adjustment = New, price adjusted GFSI score that reflects the quarter on quarter change
  6. 6. Index framework: Affordability Indicator Source Year Food consumption as a proportion of total household expenditure FAO; USDA; EIU Latest available year in 2002-11 Proportion of population living under or close to the global poverty line World Bank, World Development Indicators; EIU Latest available year in 2001-13 GDP per capita (at PPP, exchange rates) EIU 2012 Agricultural import tariffs WTO Latest available year in 2006-12 Presence of food safety net programmes Qualitative scoring by EIU Access to financing for farmers Qualitative scoring by EIU  The food affordability category measures the consumer’s ability to purchase food, their vulnerability to price shocks and the presence of programmes and policies to support them when shocks occur.
  7. 7. Index framework: Availability  Food availability measures the sufficiency of the national food supply, the risk of supply disruption, national capacity to disseminate food and research efforts to expand agricultural output. Indicator Source Year Sufficiency of supply* FAO; WFP; OECD 2006-11 Public expenditure on agricultural R&D EIU based on OECD, WB, ASTI Latest available year in 2001-13 Agricultural infrastructure** EIU; WB; qualitative scoring by EIU 2008-13 Volatility of agricultural production FAO; EIU calculations 1992-2011 Political stability risk EIU 2013 Corruption EIU 2013 Urban absorption capacity EIU; World Bank, World Development Indicators; EIU calculations 2011-13 *Composite indicator of average food supply and dependency on chronic food aid. ** Composite indicator of existence of adequate crop storage facilities, road infrastructure and port infrastructure.
  8. 8. Index framework: Quality and Safety  The quality and safety category measures “utilisation” and assesses the variety and nutritional quality of average diets, as well as the safety of food. Indicator Source Year Diet diversification FAO 2005-07 Nutritional standards* Qualitative scoring by EIU 1994-2013 Micronutrient availability** FAO 2005-07 Protein quality FAO; WHO; USDA Nutrient database; EIU calculation 2005-09 Food safety*** WHO; qualitative scoring by EIU Latest available in 2005-13 *Composite indicator of existence of national dietary guidelines, existence of national nutrition plan or strategy, and existence of regular nutrition monitoring and surveillance. ** Composite indicator of dietary availability of vitamin A, animal iron and vegetal iron. ***Composite indicator of existence of an agency to ensure health/safety of food, access to potable water and presence of a formal grocery sector.
  9. 9. Overall results: GFSI 2013, Overall rankings Most food secure 1 United States 86.8 2 Norway 86.5 3 France 83.7 4 Austria 83.4 =5 Switzerland 83.2 =5 Netherlands 83.2 7 Belgium 82.4 8 Canada 82.1 9 New Zealand 82.0 10 Denmark 81.8 Bottom tier =96 Madagascar 29.3 =96 Rwanda 29.3 98 Sierra Leone 29.0 99 Malawi 28.3 100 Zambia 28.1 101 Haiti 27.6 102 Mali 26.8 103 Burundi 26.3 104 Sudan 25.2 105 Togo 22.7 106 Chad 22.1 107 Congo (Dem. Rep.) 20.8  The most food-secure countries share these characteristics:  Ample food supply  High incomes  Low spending on food relative to other outlays  The least food-secure countries share these characteristics:  Low gross domestic product per head  Underdeveloped agricultural infrastructure  High levels of corruption  Poor protein quality The GFSI can be used to identify relationships across different countries, best practices and policy priorities. *Figures are from the GFSI 2013, annual release, July 2013
  10. 10. Contact information The 2013 GFSI, and the price adjustment factor releases, can be found at: Thank you
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.