Nutirtion as an input and outcome of resilience


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May 15, Side Event "Nutrition as an Input and an Outcome of Resilience". Joint Presentation by FAO and IFRC.

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Nutirtion as an input and outcome of resilience

  1. 1. NUTRITION AS AN INPUT AND AN OUTCOME OF RESILIENCE SIDE EVENT: IFPRI 2020 Conference The side event is jointly organized by FAO and IFRC.
  2. 2. Introduction Charlotte Dufour, Nutrition officer, FAO
  3. 3. Number of disasters, number of people affected and killed by natural disasters 1975-2011 Source: EM-DAT the OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database
  4. 4. All these 22 countries in protracted crisis show high levels of food insecurity and of malnutrition (SOFI 2010) Source: FAO, IFPRI and WHO – SOFI 2010
  5. 5. These 34 countries account for 90% of the global burden of malnutrition. Source: Lancet series 2013
  6. 6. Bringing Nutrition and Resilience together  Resilience and Nutrition on the top of political agendas and donors strategies: – Triggered by failure to address and prevent food and nutrition crises effectively – Persistence of malnutrition highlights chronic and structural vulnerabilities beyond emergency needs  Resilience cannot be achieved without addressing malnutrition and vice-versa
  7. 7. MAKING RESILIENCE PROGRAMMES MORE NUTRITION-SENSITIVE Conceptual and operational linkages Domitille Kauffmann , Nutrition & Resilience advisor - FAO Nutrition Division Side Event : Nutrition as An Input and an Outcome of Resilience IFPRI Conference on Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security Wednesday 15th May 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  8. 8. Convergence between nutrition and resilience programming Effective resilience and nutrition programming both call upon:  A systemic approach (multi-sectoral, multi-level and multi-stakeholder)  A twin-track approach, linking emergency and development  A context-specific approach  Strong local/country/regional ownership and political leadership
  9. 9. 1/ ENABLE THE ENVIRONMENT: Institutional strengthening and risk and crisis management governance 2/ WATCH TO SAFEGUARD: Information and early warning systems, situation analysis 4/ PREPARE & RESPOND to CRISIS: Preparedness and response to crisis 3/ APPLY DISASTER RISK REDUCTION MEASURES: Protection, prevention, and, approaches and good practices Four Integrated Thematic Pillars
  10. 10. Strengthening nutrition in the legislative and policy environment for resilience  Use malnutrition data to advocate for more investments in nutrition and resilience  Link or integrate food and nutrition security, and resilience / DRM policy frameworks  Build stronger linkages between nutrition- related development policies and coordination mechanisms, and those related to humanitarian response
  11. 11. Integrating nutrition in information systems  Indicators of food consumption such as dietary diversity effective for early warning  Consider nutritional indicators (especially stunting) as potential indicators of the erosion of people’s resilience in situation analysis and surveillance.  Understand the causes of malnutrition by livelihoods groups to anticipate the likely impacts of future shocks on vulnerable groups.
  12. 12. Making prevention, preparedness and response more nutrition-sensitive  Use nutrition indicators to identify and target nutritionally vulnerable groups  Design multi-sectoral resilience-building interventions based on an analysis of the causes of malnutrition by livelihood groups.  Make nutrition an explicit objective of resilience- building programs.  Monitor progress against a set of indicators, including individual nutritional status and food consumption  Ensure resilience programmes meet the nutritional needs of, and support, both women and men through a gender-sensitive approach.
  13. 13. Features of nutrition-sensitive resilience-building interventions  Provide nutrition education, especially for vulnerable groups  Promote diversification of food intake and of livelihoods  Link social protection measures with resilience and nutrition frameworks to help protect assets from shocks  Multi-sectoral and integrated progammes that address key determinants of malnutrition (incl. FS, health, water & sanitation, education, care practices)  Multi-stakeholder partnerships to enhance nutritional impact
  14. 14. Looking ahead: challenges  Scientific evidence on the contribution of nutrition to resilience programming?  Integrate nutrition in resilience measurement and measure the nutritional impact of resilience programmes  Capacities for nutrition-based multi-sectoral planning as part of resilience programming?