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America’s National Parks and 21st Century Trends, Priorities, and Values: Gaining Broad Support
 

America’s National Parks and 21st Century Trends, Priorities, and Values: Gaining Broad Support

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Wellbeing and the Environment in American Communities ...

Wellbeing and the Environment in American Communities

Panelist: Dan Witters, Principal and Research Director of the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index

America's Summit on National Parks, January 25, 2012, Washington, DC

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  • Particulate matter," also known as particle pollution or PM, is a complex mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets. Particle pollution is made up of a number of components, including acids (such as nitrates and sulfates), organic chemicals, metals, and soil or dust particles.The size of particles is directly linked to their potential for causing health problems. EPA is concerned about particles that are 10 micrometers in diameter or smaller because those are the particles that generally pass through the throat and nose and enter the lungs. Once inhaled, these particles can affect the heart and lungs and cause serious health effects. EPA groups particle pollution into two categories:"Inhalable coarse particles," such as those found near roadways and dusty industries, are larger than 2.5 micrometers and smaller than 10 micrometers in diameter. "Fine particles," such as those found in smoke and haze, are 2.5 micrometers in diameter and smaller. These particles can be directly emitted from sources such as forest fires, or they can form when gases emitted from power plants, industries and automobiles react in the air.
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America’s National Parks and 21st Century Trends, Priorities, and Values: Gaining Broad Support America’s National Parks and 21st Century Trends, Priorities, and Values: Gaining Broad Support Presentation Transcript

  • Wellbeing and the Environment inAmerican CommunitiesDan Witters, GallupJanuary 25, 2012
  • The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index® (U.S.) Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index  Launched January 2, 2008  Outbound phone, multiple call design, all-live interviewers  English/Spanish, landline/cell – 98% Coverage of U.S.  n=1,000 per night, n=353,000+ per year  1.3+ million completed surveys to date  Reporting (n>300) for every Congressional District and for about 188 metropolitan areas every year  Weighted to U.S. Census Bureau Statistics Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 3
  • The Well-Being Index: A Comprehensive ApproachGallup-Healthways tracks 55 items along with others to provide leaders with acomprehensive metric that covers six key interrelated areas of wellbeing Life Evaluation Ranking one’s life today and in the future Emotional Health Daily feelings; Clinical depression Physical Health Chronic conditions, obesity, physical pain, cold/flu Well-Being Index Healthy Behaviors (average of six sub-indexes) Smoking, healthy eating, exercise Work Environment Using strengths, supervisor relationships Basic Access Healthcare, dentistry, safety, money for basic needs Copyright © 2009, 2010 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 4
  • What Role Does the Environment Play in Influencing theEmotional and Physical Health of a Community? Sarah Pressman, PhD., University of Kansas Air Pollution, Walkability, Green Space City Data Gathered from: – Governmental & NGO sources  Environmental working group  US Census  Center for City Park Excellent, Trust for Public Land  American Lung Association – Private Research Websites (e.g., city-data.com, walkscore.com) Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 5
  • Multiple Positive Wellbeing Outcomes Consistently Found inPresence of Healthy Physical Environment Highly significant relationship between aspects of emotional and physical health and physical environment. These relationships persist after controlling for size of city, average healthy behaviors of a city, access to medical care, race/ethnicity, and per capita income. Pressman, University of Kansas
  • Air QualityWorst Cities for All-Year Air Pollution: Best Cities for All-Year Air Pollution:Bakersfield-Delano, CA Cheyenne, WYVisalia-Porterville, CA Santa Fe-Espanola, NMPhoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ Tucson, AZLos Angeles-Long Beach, CA Great Falls, MTHanford-Corcoran, CA Honolulu, HIFresno-Madera, CA Anchorage, AKPittsburg-New Castle, PA Albuquerque, NM2011American LungAssociation
  • Poor Air Quality Matters Compared to people living in high air quality cities, citizens of cities with poor air quality: – Have more daily stress, worry, anger – Have less daily enjoyment, happiness – Exhibit 38% greater obesity – Exhibit 19% greater hypertension, 15% greater high cholesterol, and 31% greater diabetes Pressman, University of Kansas
  • Green Space: The Importance of City ParksTop Cities for % of Space: Bottom Cities for % of Space:Anchorage HonoluluAlbuquerque StocktonSan Diego Corpus ChristiNYC FresnoDC Tucson
  • Green Space Matters Compared to people living in low green space cities, citizens of cities with high green space: – Evaluate their lives better across the board – Have 15% fewer headaches on any given day – Exhibit an 11% reduction in lifetime hypertension – Have experienced 25% fewer heart attacks – Exhibit 10% fewer people that are obese Pressman, University of Kansas
  • Walkability: A Tale of Two Cities(San Francisco vs. Jacksonville) Green = walker’s paradise Red= Car Dependent 90-100 0-49 Walkscore.com
  • Walkability Matters Compared to people living high walkability cities, citizens of cities with low walkability: – Have 12% more headaches on any given day – Exhibit 8% more lifetime hypertension – Have experienced 23% more heart attacks – Exhibit 14% greater obesity – But do have 23% fewer colds on any given day! Pressman, University of Kansas
  • To stay up to date on our wellbeing discoveries, visit theGallup-Healthways Well-Being Index site: http://well-beingindex.com/ Dan Witters Principal Gallup Omaha, NE USA 402.938.6457 dan_witters@gallup.com Copyright © 2011 Gallup, Inc. All rights reserved. 13