Investigating farmed animal abuse and neglect stosuy1

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Investigating farmed animal abuse and neglect stosuy1

  1. 1. FArmed Animal Investigations Officer Todd Stosuy, Field Services Manager Santa Cruz County Animal Shelter
  2. 2. Farmed Animal Investigations Santa Cruz County California Understanding species specific farmed animal needs (food, space, social lives) Cattle, sheep/goats, chickens/turkeys and rabbits Large scale investigations and seizures Politics surrounding farmed animals
  3. 3. Farmed Animal investigations Check State Laws - some states have agriculture exemptions Contact USDA or State Veterinarian - Joint Inspections Do your own research on farmed animal care Have a trusted farmed animal expert on speed dial (vet, sanctuary, etc) Abuse, Neglect or Cruelty
  4. 4. Cattle - Ideal Life Average lifespan is 18 to 22 years Water - 10 to 20 gallons a day (dependent on weather conditions) Ruminants (stomachs have 4 chambers) - Hay or pasture grazing ideal (2% of body weight per day) Remove objects/poison plants from pasture
  5. 5. Cattle - Ideal Life Herd animals Grazing (5-10 acres per cow), rotating pastures Well ventilated barn to protect from weather and temperature Routine health checks and hoof trimmings
  6. 6. Cattle - life on a feedlot Overcrowded conditions Poor diet (high energy grains) Poor or no pasture Lack of routine health care Little or no protection from the elements Live in own urine and feces
  7. 7. Cattle - Investigations Common Medical IssuesBloat - distention of rumen, labored breathing Hoof rot Mastitis Parasites
  8. 8. Medical Issues
  9. 9. Cattle
  10. 10. Cattle
  11. 11. Cattle
  12. 12. Cattle
  13. 13. Seizure
  14. 14. At the Shelter
  15. 15. Sheep / Goats - ideal life Ruminants - 8 hours grazing per day Average life span 12-14 years Minerals (no copper for sheep) Fresh Clean Water Always Available Pasture - Clover and Mixed Grasses Sturdy shelter
  16. 16. Sheep / Goats - life on a feedlot Similar to cows- overcrowded, lack of routine health care and hoof trimmings, poor pasture, etc Same basic medical issues as cows
  17. 17. Sheep / Goats - Feedlot
  18. 18. At the Shelter
  19. 19. Sheep / Goats - Feedlot
  20. 20. Downer - Feedlot
  21. 21. Feedlot Owner charged with multiple counts of animal neglect, including having a downed animal at the facility Convicted, but only had to pay a fine Facility still in operation
  22. 22. Ingenious Goat
  23. 23. Chickens / turkeys - ideal life Average lifespans range from 3-8 years Commercial grains promote fast growth Chickens- ideal to feed whole corn, oats and sunflower seeds, greens and chicken scratch Turkeys - ideal to feed chicken scratch (cracked corn, oats and wheat) with added sunflower seeds, Timothy hay pellets and greens
  24. 24. Chickens / turkeys - ideal life Shelter should be predator proof and include nesting boxes Clean fresh water Should have space to walk around, hunt for bugs, open wings, etc
  25. 25. Chickens / Turkeys life as a commodity Debeaked Overcrowded conditions Lack of routine health maintenance Poor nutrition Bumblefoot
  26. 26. Chickens / Turkeys
  27. 27. Chickens / Turkeys
  28. 28. Chickens / Turkeys
  29. 29. Rabbits - Ideal Life Average lifespan 5 to 7 years Fresh water and salt licks Unlimited fresh grass or Timothy hay, a variety of fresh vegetables and limited pellets Love to dig, chew, jump and run Straw shavings and nesting box
  30. 30. Rabbits Common Medical Issues Easily stressed which can cause sickness and/or death Ear mites Fly strike Abscesses
  31. 31. Rabbits- Life as a commodity Overcrowded Fight injuries that are not cared for Poor nutrition and health care Wire floors
  32. 32. Rabbits
  33. 33. rabbits
  34. 34. Rabbits
  35. 35. Hatcheries No oversight from Federal or State Governments State Cruelty Laws Agricultural Exemptions
  36. 36. Hatcheries Cal-Cruz Hatchery, Santa Cruz, CA Approximately 4-5 times a year chicks arrive dead at destinations Undercover Investigation by AR group Santa Cruz Shelter Investigation
  37. 37. Hatcheries
  38. 38. Hatcheries
  39. 39. Hatcheries
  40. 40. Hatcheries
  41. 41. Hatcheries
  42. 42. Hatcheries
  43. 43. Hatcheries Report Filed with District Attorney’s Office DA declined to file charges AR group sued Hatchery under Business and Professions Code Hatchery forced to go out of business 38 ducks rescued
  44. 44. Slaughterhouse Humane Slaughter Act and State Ordinances Captive Bolt gun, firearm or stunning device Religious exemptions to laws
  45. 45. Improper/Illegal Slaughter Custom Slaughterhouse in Watsonville I was present to ensure humane slaughter Warning- GRAPHIC
  46. 46. Custom sheep slaughter
  47. 47. Custom sheep slaughter
  48. 48. Custom sheep slaughter
  49. 49. Custom sheep slaughter
  50. 50. Custom sheep slaughter
  51. 51. custom sheep slaughter
  52. 52. custom sheep slaughter
  53. 53. custom sheep slaughter Charged with State Code for illegal slaughter (did not render animal insensible to pain) Went to trial California State Veterinarian testified against the Animal Shelter Slaughterhouse claimed religious exemption
  54. 54. Large Scale Seizures Document with wipe off board and photographs Document animals with collars or wound spray Identify each animal by letter or number Document their daily recovery while in your care (weight, photos, stools, etc)
  55. 55. Lessons Learned Society DOES NOT view farmed animals in the same ways as dogs and cats You need to understand your local political climate You must be ready to be personally attacked You will be forging new ground to provide legal protections for ALL animals
  56. 56. Lessons Learned Farmed animals form close familial and friendship bonds with each other Farmed animals want safety and freedom from suffering Farmed animals have personalities, feel pain and can suffer mental abuse Farmed animals deserve to have Animal Control Officers on their side It will not be easy for you or your Agency
  57. 57. Animal Control Officers Animal Control Officers MUST begin enforcing laws for farmed animals Animal Control Officers ARE the front line protectors of animals in their jurisdictions We can work cooperatively with: USDA- Animal and Plant Health Inspection service (APHIS) State Department of Agriculture
  58. 58. Questions Officer Todd Stosuy Field Services Manager Santa Cruz County Animal Shelter Asa235@co.santa-cruz.ca.us 831-454-7254

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