Periurbanization and its interfaces


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Periurbanization and its interfaces

  1. 1. Periurbanization and its interfaces: A peculiar case of Kapas Hera in Delhi By: Rinku Gupta 2012 DS 030 Waqar Usmani 2012 DS 042
  2. 2. Understanding Peri-urban Interface? • The peri-urban interface is still generally considered as a transitional zone between city and countryside, often described “not as a discrete area, but rather as a diffuse territory identified by combinations of features and phenomena, generated largely by activities within the urban zone proper” (Nottingham and Liverpool University, 1998).
  3. 3. • It is increasingly accepted that in many regions of the developing world, including its largest countries, the boundaries between urban and rural are getting blurred (Jones andVisaria, 1997), thus affecting the very definition of such an entity as a peri-urban (or rural-urban)interface.
  4. 4. • It suggest that the focus has shifted from a spatial definition (assuming a central urban point surrounded by a de-densifying periphery) to a more functional focus on diverse flows between the rural and urban sectors, recent developments both in theory and in real world contexts –such as space-time compression and globalisation — point to the need of a reassessment of the changing nature of the rural-urban divide.
  5. 5. • In context of South Asia particularly India, it reflects, functionally integrated territorial structures where agricultural and non-agricultural activities are increasingly found in complex spatial mixes, evidence from other regions in the Third World (mainly in Africa where the origin of the peri-urban concept in development contexts can be found in French literature) may suggest that in physical terms the distinction between rural and urban landscapes is still relevant. Nevertheless in functional terms, the increasing and sustained integration is recognized. (Potter and Unwin, 1995)
  6. 6. • These are certain features of peri-urban areas. “heterogeneity of land uses” “the morphological conditions and the densities of build areas” “complex functional relations” “changing social structure”
  7. 7. • This was in turn challenged by human and rural geographers arguing that the transitional landscapes between city and countryside were not necessarily the result of urban driven processes, thus coining terms as rurban or ruralurban. • the rurban periphery was characterised by a lower population density, a higher proportion of vacant land and farming land. It also featured lower rates of population density and less dynamic processes of land use change and conversion and of daily commuting towards urban areas. (Pryor, 1968) • Although both of the above argument does not fully match with Kapas Hera town but are partially true.
  8. 8. Profile: Kapas Hera Census Town • It’s a small census town in south-west Delhi bordering Gurgaon. As per census 2011, population of Kapas Hera village is 35000 including migrant workers population of 2 lakh (Source: NDTV Report) • Migrant worker basically belongs to Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh come to reside in this census town periphery, and this border town is famously known for its laborers who used to work in Gurgaon and South Delhi.
  9. 9. • Most of the migrant workers are daily wage earner, and those who are in certain industrial establishment do not get minimum wages ensured, and in past it has created much of the protest in the region. • A crude class structure exist in the town. • Labourers are living in a pitiable condition. • Delhi Municipal has divorced this town in respect of every public goods distribution. • Migrant workers are facing the double brunt of the landlord as well as
  10. 10. Contextualizing Spatial Access in Kapas Hera • The lack of spatial access to work (an income earning opportunity) and livelihood needs (such as potable drinking water, primary health service, sanitation, basic education, cooking energy, recreation and social networks) is an indicator of poverty situation of the peri-urban low income households in Delhi. • The cost in terms of money and time (the spatial access cost) spend in gaining access to work and livelihood needs.
  11. 11. Trajectories of Rurbanization: Taking a Sub-Altern stand • Sub-altern Stand seeks to counter a vision of urbanization reduced to a process of agglomeration and a competition between global cities. • It contest for, what are the characteristics of these small census towns or “grey spaces” like Kapas Hera, which are both recipient and motors of economic change? What are their contemporary economic dynamics? How land is get used? Growing non agriculture use of land? How distribution of public goods are shaped in these census towns?
  12. 12. Conclusion • Kapas Hera has witnessed huge “rurban bias”(inspired from twisting “urban bias theory” approach) despite of having urban rural linkages. Impact of globalization and dispersal is well acknowledged phenomena. • Applicability of Desakota model( by canadian geographer Terry Mcgee) and Networked theory does not attract much of the value in case of Kapas Hera. This town population ( feudal in many respect) and added migrant workers are neither reflection of post fordist society nor industrialist society but are caught in between the binary, and are struggling for existence.