1. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE TOURISM?
“Economic, social and
environmental aspects of
sustainable development must
include the interests of all
stakeholders including indigenous
people, local communities, visitors,
industry and government”
2. BRUNTLAND REPORT(1987)
“sustainability - meeting
the needs of the present
compromising the ability
of future generations to
meet their own needs”
How can you
What are the
4. SUSTAINABILITY PRINCIPLES: THE FIVE CORE
• The material domain: constitutes the basis for regulating the flow of
materials and energy that underlie existence.
• The economic domain: provides a guiding framework for creating
and managing wealth.
• The domain of life: provides the basis for appropriate behaviour in
• The social domain: provides the basis for social interactions.
• The spiritual domain: identifies the necessary attitudinal orientation
and provides the basis for a universal code of ethics.
6. Sustainability as vital to the life of the tourism industry.
• SUSTAINABILITY PRINCIPLES REFER TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL,
ECONOMIC AND SOCIO-CULTURAL ASPECTS OF TOURISM
DEVELOPMENT. A SUITABLE BALANCE MUST BE ESTABLISHED BETWEEN
THESE THREE DIMENSIONS TO GUARANTEE ITS LONG-TERM
7. SUSTAINABLE TOURISM HAS THE POWER
ON A GLOBAL SCALE.
Preserve destinations for generations to come
Safeguard our cultural and environmental heritage
Promote social equality
Energize new markets to travel to the destination
Revitalize local communities
Create jobs along the rich value chain
Keep tourism dollars within destinations
Help businesses reduce costs
8. TYPES OF SUSTAINABILITY
• CULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY
• SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY
• ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY
• ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY
9. CULTURAL SUSTAINABITY
• Ability of people to retain or adapt elements of their
culture that makes them different. It is also refers to
retaining a degree of local cultural identity in the face
of global tourism
10. SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY
The ability of a community to
absorb extra people for short
or long periods of time and
continue functioning without
disharmony or social change
11. ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY
• Make optimal use of
environmental resources that
constitute a key element in
maintaining essential ecological
processes and helping to
conserve natural heritage and
12. ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY
• It is the level of
economic gain from any
tourism activity which
needs to be sufficient
to cover the costs of any
taken to cater for the
tourist and to mitigate the impact of
13. REFERENCE LIST
 Jelly Carr, Jan 27, Second in Geography department at St Bees School. Accessed on the 6th march
also available at
 Reymarie Oohlala, Dec 01, 2013, sustainable toursm. Accessed on th 6th of march 2014.
Also available at
http://www.slideshare.net/reymarieoohlala/sustainable-tourism28775238?qid=425673c4- bbe4-440eb4fc- eaa3f7b0eb15&v=qf1&b=&from_search=1
 Sharonchu0316, Mar 26, 2011, Sustainable tourism. Acceessed on the 7th of march 2014.
Also available at
 Iithu Ettan, on Oct 09, 2011. Summer Intern at Cognizant Technology Solutions. Accessed on the 7th
of march 2014.
also available at http://wwww.slidesharenet/jithupen/sustainable-tourism-9613349?qid=69da492a4541-bece-789a4468daf5&b=&from_seach=1