PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF COLOMBIA ENGLISH V FOR TOURISM “TOURISM THEORY AND PRACTICE” NAME:ANGELA OSTOS TEACHER: HECTOR GARCIA.
Introduction ¿ What is Tourism?
EATING AND DRINKING
BUSINESSES IS A COLLECTION OF ACTIVITIES , SERVICES AND INDUSTRIES THAT DELIVERS A TRAVEL EXPERIENCE. INCLUDING
The WORLD TOURISM ORGANIZATION defines tourists as people who: “Travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than twenty-four (24) hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited."
DEFINITION OF TOURISM FOR MATHIESON AND WALL "THE TEMPORARY MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE TO DESTINATIONS OUTSIDE THEIR NORMAL PLACES OF WORK AND RESIDENCE” (OF YOUR BOOK 1982).
DEFINITION OF TOURISM FOR MACINTOSH AND GOELDNER “ THE SUM OF THE PHENOMENA AND RELATIONSHIPS ARISING FROM THE INTERACTION OF TOURISTS, BUSINESS SUPPLIERS, AND HOST COMMUNITIES IN THE PROCESS OF ATTRACTING AND HOSTING THESE TOURISTS AND OTHER VISITORS.“ (OF YOUR BOOK 1986)
TERMS OF INTEREST FOREIGN TOURIST Any person visiting a country, other than that in which he/she usually resides, for a period of at least 24 hours . EXCURIONIST Persons traveling for pleasure in a period less than 24 hours.
VISITOR: Any person visiting a country other than that in which he/she has his/her usual place of residence. TRAVEL : The act of moving outside one's home community for business or pleasure.
TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ACCOMMODATIONS WERE LIKEWISE DETERMINED BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.
DIMENSIONS OF TOURISM ATTRACTIONS: Are the primary motivation for traveling. Attractions usually focus on natural resources, culture, ethnicity or entertainment.
FACILITIES: When tourists arrive at attractions they require facilities to provide services.
TRANSPORTATION This is the critical component to tourism, the ability to get from Point A to Point B and back, or to Point C, D, E. Tourism developments are dependent on the ease of access and types of transportation available.
HOSPITALITY The community's attitude which permeates every tourism location that makes the tourist feel welcome and safe. It is the result of the interaction between the tourist and the local population.
ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TOURISM TIME: As the hours for leisure increase so does the opportunity for travel. MONEY: The majority of travel requires discretionary income.Discretionary income is money left over after all monetary obligations have been paid. MOBILITY:Is the access to transportation and the hours required to get to their destination. MOTIVATION: Is the reason people travel.
MASS TOURISM Mass tourism could only have developed with the improvements in technology, allowing the transport large numbers of people in a short space of time to places of leisure interest, so that greater numbers of people could begin to enjoy the benefits of leisure time.
ADJECTIVAL TOURISM Adjectival tourism refers to the numerous niche or specialty travel forms of tourism that have emerged over the years, each with its own adjective. Examples of the more common niche tourism markets include:
• Cultural tourism.
• Extreme tourism.
• Space tourism.
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS There is now a demand for a better quality products, which has resulted in a fragmenting of the mass market for beach vacations; people want more specialized versions, quieter resorts, family-oriented holidays or niche market-targeted destination hotels. THE TERMS TOURISM AND TRAVEL ARE SOMETIMES USED INTERCHANGEABLY.