Problems of human diversity

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  • 1. Problems of Human Diversity : Gender Inequality Samantha
  • 2. Definitions o Gender: The social Definitions and expectations associated with being male or female. o Sex: A Person’s biological classification as male or female. o Sexism: The belief that there are innate psychological, behavioral, or intellectual differences between females and males and that these differences make one group
  • 3. Feminist Theory • Analyzes the status of men and women in society with the purpose to use that knowledge to better women’s lives • question the differences between women, including how race, class, ethnicity, and age intersect with gender. • concerned with giving a voice to women and highlighting the various ways women have contributed to society. Gender Differences Gender Inequality Structural Oppression
  • 4. Gender Inequality o refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. o Difference in status, power, and prestige, in groups, collectivities, and societies. o Gender inequality
  • 5. Gender Inequality… • Throughout much of the world societies and families treat boys and girls differently based on sex classification. • Creates; o o o o o Early or child marriage Sex trafficking Sexual and domestic violence against women Health problems Poverty We see gender inequality in many areas such as social status, education, income and work, politics, and human rights
  • 6. Violence against women • The United Nations defines violence against women as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of
  • 7. World Heath Organization • 35% of women worldwide have experienced either intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime. • between 15% of women in Japan and 71% of women in Ethiopia reported physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime; • between 0.3–11.5% of women reported experiencing sexual violence by a nonpartner since the age of 15 years;
  • 8. • Sex trafficking is sometimes referred to as “modern day slavery. • trafficking in women is a criminal phenomenon that violates basic human rights • In Canada, human trafficking was The trafficking of women not asexual for criminal offence until 2005. exploitation is an international, organized, • many girls in criminal phenomenon that has gravefirst Canada are man Trafficking
  • 9. Gender Inequality; Education • In Canada women’s representation in advanced graduate degrees remains low with only 27% but for over a decade women have been earning more undergraduate degrees then men. • Many women do not continue to advanced graduate degrees because of social expectations such as marriage and starting a family. (Traditional gender roles) • Still under represented in mathematics, engineering and physical and applied sciences
  • 10. Women’s Education Around The world • worldwide, girls constitute over half of the children out of school. • In many countries parents are faced with economic and social barriers parents often cannot invest in daughters education or choose to invest in the sons education instead. • women account for two thirds of the world’s 774 million adult illiterates – a proportion that is unchanged over the past two
  • 11. • • • • • Income & Work Women now make up one third of the worlds labor force. Job type women tend to work in more nurturing areas such as teaching, nursing, child care, social work etc… In business Glass ceiling: an invisible, socially created barrier that prevents women and other minorities from being promoted into top corporate positions. Even when women have identical levels of educational achievement and both work full time; women, on the average still earn less than men. In some developed countries the gender wage
  • 12. Women in Politics • Worldwide the percentage of legislative seats held by women ranges between 30 and 40 percent in Scandinavian countries to less than 1 percent in some Middle Eastern and African countries. • Around the world, a lack of gender balance in decision- Kim Campbell
  • 13. Impact • Gender inequality affects women in all areas of life and has a negative impact on their quality of life, health, mental health, and over all well being. • Gender inequality has a negative impact on society as a whole not only on women and girls, it has a negative impact on development, economic growth, it contributes to poverty, violence against women, child mortality, and human rights violations. “The United Nations observes that “gender
  • 14. Solution An end to Gender Inequality is crucial to human development and the well being of women and girls across the globe. The most important ways to solve this problem is to raise awareness, education and the
  • 15. Legislation  To achieve lasting change, it is important to enact legislation and develop policies that:  address discrimination against women;  promote gender equality;  support women; and  help to move towards more peaceful cultural norms
  • 16. Education and Empowerment • Education empowers girls by introducing new ways of thinking about traditions and issues, and challenges traditionally held gender roles • Education is essential for a strong economy. One extra year of school boosts a girl’s future wages by 10-20 percent. Educatingfosters critical thinking women has been shown to • Education help which are essential for effective skills, improve health, poverty and create equality between women leaders and democracy. Moremen and are needed to solve global problems! women.
  • 17. What is being done?  There are many events and programs existing worldwide dedicated to the education, and empowerment of women to create equality amongst men and women. A few  Because I am a examples; girl  International Women’s Day  United Nations  New legislation worldwide regarding sexual discrimination in the work place  Local and
  • 18. Feminist Theory • Has reshaped modern politics • Recognizes that the roles we are expected to perform as men and women result from learning the social expectations of the worlds into which we are born. • Argues the idea of sex classification may be an effect
  • 19. • References Canadian Womens Foundation. (2013). End Human Trafficking. Retrieved 2013, from Canadian Womens Foundation: http://www.canadianwomen.org/trafficking Day of the Girl. (2013). Girls Denied Education Worldwide. Retrieved 2013, from Day of the Girl: http://dayofthegirl.org/girls-denied-education-worldwide/ Huffington Post Canada. (2012). Womens Rights Around the World: WomanStats Project Shows Huge Discrepencies. Retrieved 2013, from Huffington Post : http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2012/04/30/womens-rights-around-the-world_n_1464185.html Mooney, A. L. (2013). Understanding Social Problems . Toronto: Nelson. Ruchismita. (2012). Here is your short essay on Gender inequality. Retrieved 2013, from Preservearticles.com: http://www.preservearticles.com/2011111517246/here-is-your-shortessay-on-gender-inequality.html Sher, J. (2012, August). Sex Trafficking: A National Disgrace. Retrieved 2013, from Globe and Mail: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/books-and-media/invisible-chains-canadasunderground-world-of-human-trafficking-by-benjamin-perrin/article1215201/ Tanzim, J. A. (2011). Dimensions of Gender Inequality & It's Impact on Scoeity. Retrieved 2013, from Department of Women and Gender StudiesUniversity of Dhaka: http://www.academia.edu/663453/Dimensions_of_gender_inequality_and_Its_impact_on_soci ety United Nations. (2013). The World's Women 2010: Trends and Statistics. Retrieved 2013, from United Nations Satistics Divsion: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/Worldswomen/Executive%20summary.htm World Health Organization. (2013, October). Violence Against Women. Retrieved from World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/