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  • I have had bad breath, lost my job due to it. Tried to find a new job but it's very hard once you stink up the office. I had tonsil stones and awful bad breath. My friend told me to check Oraltech Labs as it got rid of his bad breath and his post nasal drip. I've been following Oraltech Labs bad breath cure program for about 2 weeks now and I feel much better, also people are not avoiding me anymore so it seems to have cured my bad breath as well:-)
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  • great post
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Halitosis Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Halitosis The name : Osama Ahmad Almasry Academic N : 200911109 Level 7 Group : One Alfarabi college | Oral Diagnosis II |Head of department : Dr.Omar Kujan
  • 2. Origin of HALITOSISNew Latin, from Latin halitus breath, from halare tobreathe — more at exhaleFirst Known Use: 1874
  • 3. Definition of HalitosisBad breath (halitosis) can be embarrassing and may  cause anxiety. Its no wonder store shelves are overflowing with gum, mints, mouthwashes and other products designed to combat this condition. But many of these products are mere temporary measures.a condition of having fetid breath Certain foods, health conditions and habits are  among the causes of bad breath. In many cases, that can improve bad breath with proper dental hygiene
  • 4. Pathogenesis of Halitosis It is generally known and agreed that VSCs )Volatile Sulfur Compounds ( ,are responsible for the odor . and that 80-90% of these come from oral sources VSCs are produced by bacterial ,and cellular degradation , and include hydrogen sulphide . methyl mercaptan and dimethyl sulphide The nature of the odor may vary in intensity). strength of the smell) and quality (the type of odor (
  • 5. Causes , Prevalence of HalitosisFood. The breakdown of food particles in and around your teeth can cause a foul odor.Eating foods containing certain oils is another source of bad breath. Onions and garlic are the best-known examples, but other vegetables and spices also can cause bad . breath
  • 6. Dry mouth. Saliva helps cleanse your   mouth, removing particles that may cause  bad odors. A condition called dry mouth  (xerostomia) can contribute to bad breath .because production of saliva is decreased Dental problems. Poor dental  hygiene and periodontal disease can be a  . source of bad breath
  • 7. Diseases. In about 10 percent of bad   breath cases, the bad odors do not come  from the mouth (extra-oral halitosis). For  example, illnesses, such as some cancers  and metabolic disorders, can cause a  distinctive breath odor as a result of chemicals they produce. Diabetes and kidney  . or liver failure can lead to a fishy smell
  • 8. .Mouth, nose and throat conditions Tobacco products. Smoking dries out your  mouth and causes its own unpleasant mouth  . odor
  • 9. Risk Factors Associated With HalitosisNon-disease related  Disease related Oral• Inadequate oral hygiene • Candidasis• Long periods of mouth closing (i.e., morning breath after sleep) • Cancer• Xerostomia (e.g., dry mouth due to  • Gingivitis mouth breathing, medication) • Tongue coatings   • Mouth infection, inflammation, ulceration   • Periodontitis
  • 10. Medications can cause bad breath An unfortunate side effect of a number of medications is halitosis.   .Here are a few medications that are known to cause bad breath Triamterene - This diuretic, which is used to treat high blood  pressure and edema, lists halitosis as one of its side effects,  Paraldehyde - It treats seizures and may also be used by  healthcare professionals as a sedative,  Disulfiram - Used to treat alcoholism, this drug has a number of  unpleasant side effects, including high blood pressure, restlessness and  halitosis. Antihistamines – 
  • 11. :signs and symptoms of bad breath You frequently have a bitter taste in your   mouth A white or yellow coating on your tongue People seem to avoid direct contact with you   and they step back from you when you are  talking to them People around you offer mints or chewing   gum A smelly odor when you open your mouth 
  • 12. Diagnosis and classification ofhalitosis Oral Malodor Patient Types  Type I—Those who have it and know it Type II—Those who have it but deny or do not know they have it Type III—Those that do not have it, but think .they do
  • 13. Some specific pieces of equipment have been developed to help the dentist diagnosehalitosis. These are known as the halimeter . and the periotemp
  • 14. Medical History ? Due to many possible causes of bad breath, diagnosis of the origin of halitosis is essential for its treatment. The first step to making a proper diagnosis is the taking of a complete medical history. Some of the questions you : may ask are
  • 15. ??When is the last time you visited the dentist What are your oral hygiene habits? a) Brush  daily b) Brush & floss daily c)Brush, floss, and rinse dailyDo you use an over-the-counter mouth rinse  ?regularly? a)Yes? What brand? b) No
  • 16. When you sleep do you breathe through your  ?mouth ? ?Are you taking any medication  ?Are you on a special diet  ?Do you smoke 
  • 17. Treating halitosisThere is no one treatment for halitosis. The treatment will depend on what is causing the problem * Raise the problem with patients directly * Dental expertise required professional dental cleaning *
  • 18. Treating halitosis * restoration of fillings *cleaning of dental prostheses *examination of prosthetics * Daily oral hygiene measures * tongue cleaning for mechanical removal of tongue coatings
  • 19. Halitosis Drugs
  • 20. Halitosis DrugsList of drugs used to treat the medical condition called Halitosis ChlorhexidineChlorhexidine is a chemical antiseptic, prescribed for gingivitis, cleansing skin and wound areas CimetidineCimetidine is a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, prescribed for heartburn and peptic ulcers. ... RanitidineRanitidine is an antacid, antireflux agent & antiulcerant, prescribed for peptic ulcer. ... Cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC): It is used in most lozenges, mouthwashes, toothpastes, breath sprays, throat sprays, and nasal sprays. It is a chemical antiseptic and acts mostly by the bactericidal mode of action i.e. it kills the bacteria. Chlorine dioxide: It is used as a disinfectant and oxidizer and is very effective in killing pathogenic microbes like fungi
  • 21. Halitophobia ” delusion halitosis One quarter of the patients seeking professional advice on bad breath suffer from a highly exaggerated concern of having bad breath, known as halitophobia, delusional halitosis, or as a manifestation of Olfactory Reference Syndrome. These patients are sure that they have bad breath, although many have not asked anyone for an objective opinion. Halitophobia may severely affect the lives of some 0.5–1.0% of the adult population
  • 22. ? .. Q