The economic heart of the country is Sydney, the largest city of the country.
The density is only of 2, 5 inhabitants per km2.
More than 80 per cent of Australians live within 100 kilometers of the coast.
B) The variety of landscapes B) The variety of landscape
Mungo national park Cost of NA Pinnacle desert, Western Australia Sunset, Victoria
Innes Plains, QLD Mont Uluru Coolah, central NSW
Narrabean pool, NSW Gibb River Road, Western Australia Ragging torrent, WA Coralreef, WA Coralreef, Kimberly
Fingal Head, NSW Jim Jim Falls, Kakadu National Park, NT Kingston SE, SA
C) Today, Australia and the challenge of ecology 1) Faunes and flores
Australia has 10 per cent of the world’s biodiversity
More than 80 per cent of the country’s flowering plants, mammals, reptiles and frogs are unique to Australia.
Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth
Pollution is the most serious problem, with most marine pollution caused by land-based activities and processes.
2) Water for the Future
Water shortages are a serious threat to Australia’s economy and way of life.
The Australian Government is investing $12.9 billion in a 10-year national water plan, Water for the Future, which is focusing on four priorities :
-taking action on climate change -using water wisely -Securing water supplies for households and businesses -restoring the health of Australia’s rivers
II. Politics and historyA) Brief history of Australia1) From the aborigine to the European invasion-The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines-Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish ships sighted Australia in the 17th century -In 1616 the territory became known as New Holland. - A British penal colony was set up at Port Jackson in 1788-The six colonies became states and in 1901 federated into the Commonwealth of Australia
2) From the WW to the XXI century-Australia fought alongside Britain in World WarI-Participation in World War II helped Australia forge closer ties to the United States.- three political parties: the Australian Labour Party, the Liberal Party, and the National Party. -About 40% of its immigrants came from Asia, -In Sept. 1999, Australia led the international peacekeeping force sent to restore order in East.
B) Today’s politics scene of the country 1) Australian political system -The Commonwealth of Australiais a federal constitutional monarchy under a parliamentary democracy -The structure of the Australian Government may be examined in light of two distinct concepts, namely federalismand the separation of powers into legislative, executive and judiciary branches of government -The Australian electoral system has evolved over nearly 150 years of continuous democratic government -Number of distinctive features as compulsory voting, and preferential voting.
2) Short resume of the actual prime minister- Julia Eileen Gillard is the 27th and current Prime Minister of Australia since June 2010.- In December 2006, Kevin Rudd was elected Labor leader and Leader of the Opposition, with Gillard as deputy leader.- Gillard became the Deputy Prime Minister upon Labor's victory in the 2007 federal election -The 2010 federal election saw the incumbent Gillard Labor governmentelected to a second term
C) Australia & geopolitics
III. EconomicA) The Australian ‘s economic system
A stable economic structure
Tradingwith the world
B) The impact of crises
Today the unemployment is better and Australia is a model for many countries.
C) Which future for the country ? Finally, Australia seems to be a good place where young entrepreneurs can find their own “place in sunshine”. There are some examples of Australian “successful story”: Ryan Djurovich, Alana Maybus Mike Jarocki Young Australians setting up their own businesses Mathew Carpenter
IV. SocialA) A mixed population1) The aborigine “problem”
2) Today, a muchcontrasted population
Australia = a cultural diversity
B) A different way of life1) The traditions
The national hymn: AdvanceAustraliaFair
The national flag
2) Zoom on the school system The school system in few words:
Schooling in Australia typically lasts 13 years.
School education is mandatory until age 15 or 16,
depending on the state or territory.
Teaching at Australian schools is highly interactive.
Many International students
C) The Australian art & culture VISUAL ARTS Art historians generally group Australian visual arts under the headings of Indigenous, early colonial, the Heidelberg School and the modernists of the 20th century and beyond. Australia has a number of notable museums and galleries. SPORTING EXCELLENCE Sport in Australia is more than just a pastime. It plays a major role in shaping the country’s identity and culture, so much so that sport is often referred to as ‘Australia’s national religion’.
Arthur Streeton, Golden Summer, Eaglemont, 1889 Aboriginal Rock Art, Ubirr Art Site, Kakadu National Park Sydney Parkinson, Two of the Natives of New Holland Advancing, To Combat (1770). Knut Bull, Wreck of the George III, 1850
National Gallery of Victoria Cattle Drinking (1915) by Hans Heysen A 1950's landscape by Albert Namatjira, who established the Hermannsburg School Sunbaker(1937) an iconicphotograph by Max Dupain