Advent The word Advent comes from the Latin word “adventus” and means "coming" It is associated with the four weeks of preparation before Christmas. Advent always has four Sundays, beginning on the Sunday nearest the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, (November 30)
How Do We Know When Advent Begins• There are two answers.• The Sunday closest to the feast day of St. Andrew the Apostle or• Find Christmas and count backwards four Sundays.• If Christmas Eve is a Sunday, it is counted as the fourth Sunday of Advent, with Christmas Eve beginning at sundown.
The Word Advent • The word Advent means "coming" or "arrival." • The focus of the entire season is the celebration of the birth of Jesus on His First Advent, and • The anticipation of the return of Christ the King in His Second Advent.
Advent Scriptures• Scripture readings for Advent will reflect an emphasis on the Second Advent, they including themes of :• accountability for faithfulness at His coming,• judgment on sin, and• the hope of eternal life.
Getting ReadyAdvent continues until December 24. It blends together both a joyful and penitential spirit,It’s similar to Lent, a liturgical theme of preparation for the Second and Final Coming of the Lord, called the Parousia, andA joyful theme of getting ready for the Bethlehem event.
Advent & Easter• Since the 900s • The traditional color Advent has been of Advent is purple or violet which considered the symbolizes the beginning of the penitential spirit. Church year. • Purple is also a• This does not mean symbol of royalty. that Advent is the • That color is used most important time because we are of the year. waiting for the• Easter has always arrival of a king, had this honor. Jesus.
Where Did The Advent Wreath Come From? • The origins are uncertain. • There is evidence of pre-Christian Germanic peoples using wreathes with lit candles during the cold and dark December days as a sign of hope in the future warm and extended-sunlight days of Spring.
Who Used It?• By the Middle Ages, the Christians adapted this tradition and used Advent wreaths as part of their spiritual preparation for Christmas.• After all, Christ is “the Light that came into the world” to dispel the darkness of sin and to radiate the truth and love of God (cf. John 3:19-21).• By 1600, both Catholics and Lutherans had more formal practices surrounding the Advent wreath.
What’s the Symbolism found in the Wreath?• Evergreens, signifying continuous life• The laurel (A Mediterranean evergreen tree) signifies victory over persecution and suffering• Pine, and holly, are signs of immortality• Cedar is a sign of strength and healing• Holly’s prickly leaves remind us of the crown of thorns
The Circle• The circle of the wreath, symbolizes no beginning or end, and the eternity of God,• the immortality of the soul, and• the everlasting life found in Christ.• Any pine cones, nuts, or seedpods used to decorate the wreath also symbolize life and the resurrection.
The Four Candles • The four candles represent the four weeks of Advent. • The tradition is that each week represents one thousand years, • The 4,000 years from Adam and Eve until the birth of the Savior.
Three Purple Candles• The purple candles symbolize the prayer, penance, and goods works undertaken at this time.• The rose candle is lit on the third Sunday• This is a Sunday of rejoicing, because the faithful have arrived at the midpoint of Advent, when their preparation is now half over and they are close to Christmas.
Lighting of the Candles • The progressive lighting of the candles symbolizes the expectation and hope surrounding our Lord’s first coming into the world and • The anticipation of His second coming to judge the living and the dead.
A White Candle?• Some modern day adaptations include a white candle placed in the middle of the wreath.• This candle represents Christ and is lit on Christmas Eve.
Color and Symbolism• First week = • The fourth candle Purple is a symbol which is Purple meaning Hope. means Peace.• Second week = • The optional white Purple symbolizes Love. candle symbolizes Jesus’ birth on• Third week = The rose color means Christmas Day. Joy.