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Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
Leadership
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Leadership

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  • 1. LEADERSHIP
  • 2. LEADERSHIP PRESENTED BY,- 1)AYAN MAITI, 2) UTPAL KUMAR ANAL, 3) AVISEK DAS, 4) SK MOSLEM, 5) ARPAN ADHIKARY
  • 3. What is leadership? Leading people Influencing people Commanding people Guiding people
  • 4. Types of Leaders Leader by the position achieved Leader by personality, charisma Leader by moral example Leader by power held Intellectual leader Leader because of ability to accomplish things
  • 5. Managers vs. Leaders Managers Focus on things Do things right Plan Organize Direct Control Follows the rules Leaders Focus on people Do the right things Inspire Influence Motivate Build Shape entities
  • 6. GET INSPIRED BY THE SOURCE
  • 7. Historical Leadership theories 1. Traits theories (1930s). 2. Behavioral Theories (1940s & 1950s) 3. Contingency theories (1960s & 1970s).
  • 8. Traits Theories According to great man leadership theories “effective leaders are born not made”. In traits research examined the physical(height),mental(intelligence), social (personality),characteristics of individual. Ralph stogdill in 1948s concluded that “existing research had not demonstrated the utility of traits approach”.
  • 9. Behavioral Theories Behavior of effective leaders are different from the behavior of ineffective leaders. It is more important than the physical, mental and social traits.
  • 10. Fiddler's Contingency Theory This is a leader match theory because it tries to match leaders to appropriate situations A leader’s effectiveness depends on how well the leader’s style fits the context The theory was developed by studying the styles of leaders in situations and whether they were effective (primarily in military organizations) Concerned with styles and situations
  • 11. Path-Goal Theory Path Goal theory is about how leaders motivate subordinates to accomplish designated goals The stated goal of leadership is to enhance employee performance and employee satisfaction by focusing on employee motivation Emphasizes the relationship between the leader’s style and characteristics of the subordinates and the work setting The leader must use a style that best meets the subordinates motivational needs
  • 12. Ohio State University Task oriented (planning, organizing, coordinating the work of subordinates). Consideration (supportive, recognizing subordinate’s accomplishments ,welfare).
  • 13. University of Michigan Employee oriented (focus on interpersonal relationship) Production oriented (focus on task and technical aspects of the job)
  • 14. Five alternative behavior styles • Impoverished management (1,1) • Country club (1,9) • Task manager (9,1) • Middle of the road (5,5) • Team management
  • 15. Leadership Styles Delegating Low relationship/ low task Responsibility Willing employees Participating High relationship/ low task Facilitate decisions Selling High task/high relationship Explain decisions Willing but unable Telling High Task/Low relationship Provide instruction Closely supervise
  • 16. ‘Leaders Build Leadership’ To build leadership the leader has to enable participant independence so they can perform with freedom and autonomy to make informed decisions without the leader around.
  • 17. Leadership as Empowerment “A good leader inspires people to have confidence in their leader. A great leader inspires people to have confidence in themselves”.
  • 18. Being a Good Leader 1.Encourage new ideas 2.Honour and respect them 3.Never misuse your power 4.Be fearless yourself 5.Punish fairly
  • 19. Finally... Leadership is a combination of character and competence; of who you are and what you can do.
  • 20. How Far Can You Go?

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