The guitar became successful because of its abilities to express emotion and the players heart. This instrument is able to be played in multiple genres which may be the main factor to why its popularity grew so fast. The guitar was first created in Spain but its history cannot be traced back farther then the late 15th century. When it was first created it was considered an outcast only being played at the home and around campfires rather than being played in concert halls. This Spanish-styled instrument was setup very different then the way the modern guitar is setup. The body, neck and head was built the same however the strings were setup as four sets of double strings called courses. What this means is that the guitar had two strings tuned to the same note etcetera. As this instrument evolved and became more popular a fifth course was added being tuned to A which was added to give more bass quality to the instrument as it was played.
As the guitar aged and evolved more and more people started to pick up the guitar and learned how to play it. By the early 1500’s the guitar moved from small homes and towns to performance halls as well as stages and started to become more accepted in the higher social statuses. Because the guitar was becoming more mainstream many players wanted to have an instrument that appealed to the audiences eyes. The fact that the guitar was being played by “richer” people many guitar designers and crafters started to design better and better designs. As the centuries past and many of the high socialists owned guitars people like Benjamin Franklin as well as Andrew Jackson learned how to play this instrument. By the 1850’s the modern style guitar was created by C.F. Martin who was and still is one of the top guitar crafters in the world.
Although there is many styles of guitars that consists of different looks as well as sounds and construction, in the 1800’s many crafters were creating a modern guitar that had a certain look to it. The modern guitar, as we know it today evolved from types of guitars that were usually constructed in Southern European countries such as Italy and France. These types of guitars have a look that consists of a semi-large sound hole, to give big bass sounds, as well as a longer neck and larger bodies. The size and style of the construction is not the only thing that changed though. Many players were playing around with the tuning of this instrument although it is not known exactly how the tuning changed through the times. It was around this time that today’s tuning standards, EADGBE developed from what was said to be EADF♯BE. Around civil war times the guitar was a common instrument being played in genres like classical as well as being played around campfires. By the end of the 1800’s Orville Gibson of Gibson, was building arch-top guitars with oval sound holes. He married the steel-string guitar with a body constructed more like a cello which allowed the guitar to vibrate more freely to allow a louder volume.
By the beginning of the 20th century over 78000 guitar were produced in a single year, which at this point in time was an outstanding production rate for an instrument. As guitar crafters continued to improved design features to try and create that perfect sound, many people were turning to steel strings due to the fact that they seemed to last longer as well has provide the player with a louder sound because steel has better vibration properties compared to nylon. From the early 20th century to around 1930 the guitar did not change besides the fact that constructors were building different models of guitars. It wasn’t until 1931 that the guitar stepped into the world of electrification when Rickenbacker introduced the Hawaiian guitar called “The Frying Pan”. It consisted of a small, flat, circular body and was casted from aluminum. This allowed good vibration but it also cause feedback which was a problem. Because of its flaws, The Frying Pan really did not become very popular. It wasn’t until 1936 that Gibson introduced its first electric guitar called the ES-150. The ES-150 immediately became popular with Jazz players and could stand out when being played because amplification carried out the guitars sound.Image: http://invention.smithsonian.org/centerpieces/electricguitar/images/02-02_full.jpg
Because the ES-150 was a hollow body guitar, its freedom to vibrate caused problems with feedback as well as distortion. In order to fix this many companies saw the solution was to create a guitar that would be less susceptible to these vibrations thus the solid body was introduced. Since the guitars body was a solid piece of wood it made it hard for the guitar to vibrate and in turn fixed the problems that earlier electric guitars had. With this problem fixed a new company of the time, known as Fender, released its first guitar known as “The Broadcaster”. “The Broadcaster” was the first mass produced guitar and was, and still is, high in popularity. However, the name “Broadcaster” was already in use so the Fender company changed the name to “The Telecaster”, as it is called today. In order to compete with guitars high demand, Gibson teamed up with Les Paul, a well known acoustic player at the time, to create one of the most popular guitars of all times, “The Les Paul”. “The Les Paul” was released in 1952 and was significantly larger and heavier then the much popular “The Telecaster”.Image: http://www.guitarplayerscenter.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/fender_telecaster-rot45.jpg
By the beginnings of the 1960’s the electric guitar was in full maturity. Guitar makers had been experimenting with different constructions up to this point and the players had found which guitar produced the best sounds. In 1961, Gibson released the first semi hollow body guitar which was called the ES-335. The ES-335 was capable of producing a fuller and richer tone than most solid-bodied electric guitars, but was prone to feedbackwhen played through an amplifier. Many players enjoyed this instrument because of its sound but also because it was much light and easier to carry compared to the conventional solid body. Throughout the 1960’s many players continued to use guitars produced by Fender and Gibson as well as Rickenbacker. However, by the late 1960’s many players like Jimi Hendrix and Jeff Beck mainly used the Stratocaster for the fact that it created a crunch sound when played with distortion and gave the player more control of feedback which were both popular effects in 1960’s Rock N’ Roll. In addition, the Gibson SG was popular with Jimmy Paige and Eric Clapton. Image: http://mikedemicco.com/images/instruments/fender_stratocaster-rot45.jpg
The main parts of the guitar consists of three vital parts and four others. The three vital parts include the body, which is the biggest and house many of the other parts, the neck which houses the frets and supports the strings and the head which is essential for the string as well as tuning due to the fact that the tuning pegs are attached. As for other parts such as the bridge which holds the 170 pounds of pressure that is put on the face of the guitar. The way sound is magnified from the strings of an acoustic and from an electric guitars work are complete different. In an acoustic guitar the sound travels from the strings into the guitar where it bounces of the inside walls and exits back out of the guitar. The way it does this is by traveling through the sound hole which is only in acoustic guitars. The pick guard protects the finish on the guitar from being damaged from the strumming of he pick. Image: http://www.axemail.com/images/fullsizeimages/fcd60.jpg
The main parts of the electric guitar consists of 3 basic parts and 5 other parts. The basic parts include the body, which is the biggest and house many of the other parts, the neck which houses the frets and supports the strings and the head which is essential for the string as well as tuning due to the fact that the tuning pegs are attached. As for other parts such as the bridge which holds the 170 pounds of pressure that is put on the face of the guitar. The way sound is magnified from the strings of an acoustic and from an electric guitars work are complete different. In an electric guitar the sound is picked up by the pick-ups which then turns the actual sound into electrical frequencies which is then exits out of the amplifier. The pick guard protects the finish on the guitar from being damaged from the strumming of he pick. Image: http://www.drumza.com/images/FenderDeluxeRoadhouseStratocasterElectricGuitar3ToneSunburst.jpg
When the electric guitar was first introduced; along with it came a device in which could amplify the vibrations produced by the guitars strings. These first amplifiers were introduced by Gibson and Rickenbacker. With this amplifiers came effects which allowed the players change the sounds produce from the amplifiers. However, these effects did not come around until the late 1960’s. With today’s technologies the main effects used when playing include the Wah-wah, Distortion, Vibrato, Flanger,Tremolo, andDelay. The Wah is a guitar effect which sweeps the peak response of a filter up and down in frequency to create the Wah; Distortion is an effect which at the most subtle adds a "warm" thickness to the original tone; Vibrato changes the pitch to create a vibrato or pitch bend effect; Tremolo allows a performer to lower or raise the pitch of a note or chord which is can be done using the guitar’s whammy bar, Delay is when the amplifier, or pedal, records an input signal and then plays it back after a changeable amount of time. These effects can be turned on or off at the players command located either on a pedal or on the amplifier itself. If the effect is created by a pedal then in most cases the pedal is of one specific effect, however, there are pedals that create a multitude of effects.Image: http://www.comparestoreprices.co.uk/images/fe/fender-fm212r-guitar-amplifier.jpg
The most simple guitar in which is constructed today would have to be the flat-top acoustic guitar. Acoustic flat-tops have been constructed since the 1850’s in which was first produced by C.F. Martin. The reasoning it is so simple to construct is due to the fact that there is no electronics involved and that the amplification of the sound relies all in the sound hole. This sound can drastically change depending on the size and shape of the instrument itself. If the guitar is on the bigger side then the sound is going to have much bass and more power to it, however if the size of the guitar is smaller then it will have more treble and the sound will not have as powerful of a sound. As important as the size of the sound hole is to the sound, the tone wood in which the guitar is made from is just as important. In an acoustic guitar the back and sides use the same tone woods as each others, however they are different then what the front of the guitar is made of. This is because the front must be constructed of a stronger type of wood due to the high amount of tension in which is put on by the strings.
Out of all the type of wood in the world only certain kinds can be used in the construction of a guitar. These woods are picked by the way that they vibrate, which is very important. This is important because a guitar players want a guitar to vibrate a lot but not too much because vibration is sound. The more vibration means the louder the sound which means a better quality of music. Brazilian Rosewood produces a warm, rich tone which means that the sound produced has rolled off treble and a prominent mid-bass. Although there is many types of Rosewood, the main type that is used when a guitar is sold as “Rosewood” is in fact Indian Rosewood. Indian Rosewood is a crimson color when finished and gives the guitar a mellow, high bass sound. Maple is a liker color of guitar and it produces a crisp, cutting sound. What this means is that the treble tone is much higher then the bass tone cause a louder, crispier sound. Like the Brazilian Rosewood, Mahogany gives the guitar a nice warm sound with more overall bass then treble and has high mid tones. This particular wood is a dark brown color and is most popularly sold. As for Koa, Ash, Walnut and Cocobolo, they all produce similar sounds however can only be told separate by a trained ear.
As It does in the sound of an acoustic guitars, an electric guitar’s sound also relies on the way the wood vibrates. However instead of having front and back woods, a solid body guitar uses one type of wood because they are in fact solid. When an electric guitar is painted and clear coated the color of wood is not able to be seen unless it is completely clear coated. The only reason manufacturers watch what type of wood is because each type of wood vibrates differently. Swamp ash is a very light color and is on the softer side. This specific type of wood gives a solid bass with high treble as well as strong mids. It gives a round and balanced sound and that is why it is commonly used. Alder is a nice tan color wood and due to its semi-low vibrate, it creates a little more muffled of a sound with thick mids and higher bass.
As there are different types of woods that can be used in the construction of the body of the guitar, there are different types of woods that can be used in the construction of the neck. A maple necks with a maple fret board gives more of a bass tone due to the fact that that if allows the sound to vibrate more. A maple neck with a rosewood fret board gives more vibration qualities allowing the same bass as the maple on maple but also accents the higher tones. The third type of wood mainly used, mahogany necks equals out the high and low tones creating a balanced sound.
The front woods have different requirements then does the back and side woods. As I stated earlier, the front of a guitar needs to be made of a strong yet flexible wood due to the tension of the strings. What most guitar builders do is use spruce as the front wood due to the fact that it is both strong and flexible. Although the top needs strength it also needs to be able to vibrate in order to have loud sound. These requirement kind of contradict each other considering that the top wood needs to be thick in order to have the strength to support the string tension. The way manufacturers got around this problem was to create braces from support. There are many different bracing patterns.
The neck is the part of the guitar which is located in between the head and body, as you could have guessed. The neck of a guitar is usually made of the same type of wood as the body is made up of. Due to the fact that wood as properties which allow it to break guitar manufacturers must reinforce it with a rod that is drilled into the center of the neck and then is fastened together with a dovetail joint. This rod is known as the tuss rod and not only gives reinforcement but it connects the neck to the body but still allows it to vibrate. Allowing the neck to vibrate is vital because no vibration would equal no sound and a little vibration would eliminate tone and the guitar’s ability to sustain a note.
On a guitar the strings are arrange from left to right as EADGBE. On the left is the deepest of notes and on the right is the high E being the highest open string note. There are many different compositions of strings ranging from steel to copper all having different tonal qualities to them. Not only will the type of composition change the sound but the gauge of the string will affect the sound of the strings. The gauge is the size of the string which if is a thicker gauge makes the tone lower and more warm. The heavier the gauge makes it louder and needs more tension in order to have the same tone as a lower gauged string. They are also harder to play.
The blues is a genre of music used by slaves toexpress their misfortunes as well as constant human themes of frustration, love, sex and loss. The name blues is associated with the pain and agony slaves dealt with in the south and at first coined the name field hollers. This style of music was, of course, developed in the south which started as vocal performances due to the fact that voices were the only instrument the slaves had. They mainly sang to pass the time while working on plantations and the plantation owners saw it as a masculine past time even though many of the women were seen singing them too.
As slave owners heard the music the amount of people who sang the blues grew. Not only were most slaves singing the blues, but southern prisoners, road crews and many gangs sang the blues, singing about life troubles, working on a task, or even about things to just pass the time. This created much diversity in this growing style of music. The blues kept on growing in popularity from here and after the Civil War it became a vocal duet with a guitar. The popularity of this instrument grew mainly due to the fact that they were cheap to buy and cheap to produce. By the 1890’s much of the south sang the blues.
After the civil war blues became a duet with vocals as well as guitar due to the fact they were so cheaply produced. Since the guitar started to be seen in the Blues the style was much different then the usual styles of the 1870’s. The style used in this newly created style was a standard/fretless which basically means that it was played with a standard guitar with frets and fretless which is played with a guitar that is fretless. This style was usually played with a slide which is a metal or plastic cylinder which slides onto the finger to create a much sound then without. From this point (1890 to 1910) the blues evolved into what is is today.
At the turn of the century Blues had not yet become a widely played style of music. It was not until 1911 when W.C. Handy, an African-American Blues musician, began to record and release Blues singles that Blues music started to gain popularity around the United States. Early Blues recording were instruments which means there is no vocals only the instruments are heard. It was up until the 1920 that Mamie Smith recorded “Crazy Blues” which was the first Blues recording to feature vocals. After WWI, in 1918, many American troops brought back the Blues back to there homes. These troops learned how to play this style of music from the Southerners who grew up with it. It continued to grow and became more widely spread then ever before. Because this styles was now getting recognition, many fans picked up the guitar and were jamming, even creating duos, small groups and bands with people they knew and even friends.
As the creation of electric guitars were being introduced to the public, many Blues musicians were picking them up and adding new sounds to the Blues. Although many musicians in other genres were already using these instruments the first Blues guitarist known was T-Bone walker in the mid 1930’s. Throughout this decade the Blues consisted not so much of acoustic but more electric and steel thus bring music to an entire different level. The introduction of electricity allowed many musicians to have more freedom with music allowing them to play louder as well have create new and different effects. By the beginning of the 1940’s many new Blues musicians came onto the scene. Many of these players included B.B. King, Otis Rush, Freddie King and Buddy Guy.
Country music has been a part of the south ever since the beginning of America but was not called “Country”. Before the mass production of Guitars, Countries original instrument was the fiddle, which is basically a violin. however many saw the fiddle as the instrument of the devil. As country grew, along with blues, they both adopted the guitar to duet with vocals because the guitar was cheap to buy and cheap to produce making it an easy instrument to get a hold of.
As Country left the 19th century and entered the 20th people of the north and west still did not know what country was. This persisted up until around the 1920’s when radio became a big thing. Once radio started up on the knew found genre many people after WWII found themselves sing country all around America. Country was so well know by this time that people started to use it in movies, the first including Country was “Old Santa Fe” which was released in 1934.
As the style of Country grew it moved to other states and at the same time fused with many other types of music giving it its own unique kind of style. Because of this style change many people decided to play around with it and with the changing times it became electrified as well as steel too. This means that players were now playing electric guitar as well as with steel acoustic guitar which gives it more of a twanging sound. The first artist to ever actually have success in perusing Country music as a profession was singer songwriter John Carson who ended up selling 500000 copies.
By the 1930’s, for the most part, every genre of music started to release music using electricity, some genres later then others. One of the last genre to make the transition was Country. It wasn't until 1941 when Country switched from acoustic to electric. In 1941 Ernest Tubb released “Walking The Floor Over You” and was the first ever Country song released in which used the “electric” sound.
Rock N’ Roll appealed to the teens of the 1950’s all around the world, using its catchy melodies as well as simple lyrics to allow many Americans, as well as Europeans etc. to enjoy. Rock N’ Roll caused much chaos and was seen as the “Devil’s” music by many of the older citizens around the world which only made teens to want to rebel. The name “Rock N’ Roll” in fact was first coined by one of the first disc jockeys to ever play this new type of music on the radio. The root of the name came from the way that many of the listeners danced because of the fast pace beat. This genre of music is derived from black RNB and became popular by the song “Rocker 88” by Jackie Brenston in 1951. The artists of the Rock N’ Roll movement include Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lewis and many others.
During the beginning of the decade, the 1960’s really had no change or impact to that of the sound of Rock N’ Roll from the 1950’s. As the mid 1960’s rolled around, music had started to evolve in new directions; focusing on political as well as social views. Because many musicians in this time were experimenting with new ideas, many musicians in the 1960’s began to use elaborate effects, started to use more stringed instruments and used many different recording techniques. Along with the experimenting of musical boundaries, artist of this time were trying to “free their mind” in order to create newer more creative sounds. In order to do this many of musicians of the time were involving themselves with such drugs as LSD and Marijuana. These such drugs are the inspiration for the electronic amplification, feed back and distortion, as well as light shows and intense stage acts that 60’s Rock N’ Roll became known for. Some of the most popular artists of the 1960’s include The Beatles, Bob Dylan, The Doors, Eric Clapton, and the Jimi Hendrix Experience.
As the change from the 1960’s to the 1970’s took place many artists decided to move with the times and create different styles of songs by using new types of instruments. However, many “older” artists of the 1950’s like, Chuck Berry and Rick Nelson decided to revive their careers and a popularity in 1950’s inspired music began to appear in which the musicians used all the elements that of 1950’s Rock N’ Roll. However many musicians in the 1970’s wanted to be new and different. The Moog Synthesizer was introduced in the mid 1970’s which allowed musicians to create spacey sounds that were unthought-of at the time. Around the same time, the music genre Punk developed and became popular to many teens of urban as well as suburban cultures. This style of music was stereotyped as as rude and unprofessional and was also seen as rebellious. Because Punk was seen as bizarre it sounded very underground. The style and popular trends of this genre of music included amateur body piercings, Mohawk hair cuts and bizarre hair styles and colors.
By the 1980’s music was completely mainstream and was even seen as a way to profit money. In 1981 MTV was introduced to cable in which, as today, was a music channel were only music videos to promote a song would be played. Some of the first artists to use MTV to their advantage included The Police and The Cars. As Psychedelic rock appeared in the 1960’s, New Wave had begun to become popular within the 1980’s. New Wave was a musical movement that grew out from Punk Rock of the 1970’s which was generating a more sophisticated “pop” sound. This style of music is the famous “eighties” sound many eighties songs seem to obtain. New Wave artists include Michael Jackson, Prince, Whitney Houston and Madonna who all seem to have a similar sound which was popular through out the 1980’s. Along with the development of Rock N’ Roll, a new style, or genre, of music was starting to become popular known as Hip-Hop in which was coming out of the Bronx, New York. These Hip-Hop artists include Run D.M.C. and DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince.
As music progressed and changed heading from “pop” to “hip-hop”, by the 1990’s Hip-Hop dominated radio airplays. Along with the popularity of Hip-Hop, a new style of music known as Alternative was becoming popular with many teens across the United States. Alternative music has a style that consists of frantic energy and had a new fashion trends. The “Grunge” movement was most popular in Seattle, Washington mainly due to the fact that many band of the genre originated from that area. Some of the styles best artist include Nirvana, Sound garden, Pearl Jam, and Rage Against of the Machine. Although the Alternative movement took place, it only lasted up until the early to mid 1990’s, and at this time pop was starting to become popular again. By the end of the 1990’s many singers and singing groups started appear which included Britney Spears, N’ Sync, and The Backstreet Boys. This era only lasted for a couple of years until it faded much like many other genres of music.
The History and Styles of The Guitar
By: Sam Boccella<br />Guitar: History and Styles<br />
From Blues to Rock N’ Roll, the guitar has developed over time to be one of the most versatile and popular instruments; able to be played, tuned, and built differently, the guitar can be used in any genre of music.<br />Thesis<br />
Classical style guitars have been around since the late 15th.<br />Was considered an “Outcast” being played at home rather then at concerts.<br />The first Spanish guitars were setup with four sets of double strings. <br />As it entered the 16th century, a fifth course was added.<br />Guitar History – 1400’s- 1500’s<br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
The guitar moved from peasantry to performance stage. (Guitar History)<br />This inspired builders to design better and better designs. (Guitar History)<br />People like Benjamin Franklin played the guitar as well as Andrew Jackson. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />By the 1850’s the modern style guitar was created by C.F. Martin. (History of the Guitar)<br />Guitar History – 1500’s- 1800’s<br />
The modern guitar evolved from models created in Italy and France. (History of the Guitar)<br />Around this time players played around with tuning. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />There was much playing of the guitar in pre-civil war times. (History of the Guitar)<br />Orville Gibson was building arch top guitars. (Chapman)<br />Guitar History – 1800’s- 1900<br />
In 1900, over 78,000 guitar were produced that year.<br />(History of the Guitar)<br />The 20th century allowed manufacturers<br /> to create steel-stringed guitars. <br /> (History of the Guitar)<br />By 1931 the first electric guitar was <br /> introduced; “The Frying Pan”. (Chapman)<br />The Electric Guitar did not become<br /> popular until Gibson Released the ES-150 <br /> in 1936. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Guitar History- 1900- 1930’s<br />
Because of the problems with feedback many guitar crafters created “solid body guitars”. (PBS)<br />The first mass produced guitar was <br /> “The Broadcaster” released by Fender<br /> in 1949. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Gibson introduced the famous<br /> “Les Paul” in 1952. (World New Digest)<br />Fender and Gibson Continued to release guitars. (Chapman)<br />Guitar History: 1930’s- 1950’s<br />
By the 1960’s the guitar was in full maturity. <br />In 1961, Gibson release the ES-335 which was<br /> a semi-hollow body guitar.<br />The Strat and The SG were<br /> both popular models among <br /> players. <br />Guitar History: 1960’s <br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
Parts of the Acoustic guitar<br />Tuning Pegs<br />Head <br />Neck<br />Body<br />Sound Hole<br />Pick Guard<br />Bridge<br />
Parts of The Electric Guitar<br />Tuning Pegs<br />Head<br />Neck<br />Body<br />Pick-ups<br />Pick guard<br />Bridge<br />Control Knobs<br />
The first guitar amplifiers were introduced in the 1930’s<br />Wah-wah, Distortion, Vibrato <br /> Tremolo, Delay and Reverb.<br />Effects can be turned off at<br /> the players command.<br />Guitar Amplification and Effects<br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
C.F. Martin created the very first flat-top acoustic in the 1850’s. (Chapman)<br />The bigger the body, the bigger the sound. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The back and sides use different woods then the front known as tone woods. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Construction and Sound: Flat-top Acoustics<br />
Brazilian Rosewood Maple<br /> Mahogany Indian Rosewood<br />Types of Wood<br />
Brazilian Rosewood produces a warm, rich tone. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Rosewood guitars use Indian rosewood. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Maple produces a crisp, cutting sound. (Instruments and Innovations: The Guitar)<br />Mahogany gives out a warm sound like rosewood. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Koa, Ash, Walnut and Cocobolo produce different sounds (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Types of Wood: Flat-top Acoustic<br />
Swamp ash gives solid lows, sparkling highs and open mids. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Alder produces a thicker mid and firm lows. (Instruments and Innovations: The Guitar)<br />Mahogany gives dense and warm tones. (Instruments and Innovations: The Guitar)<br />Basswood gives a balanced frequency with full mid range. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Construction and Sound: Solid Body Electric<br />
Maple necks give tightness and definition to low and high tones giving it sharp focus<br />Maple neck with rosewood fret board gives roundness and looseness with a louder bass and a sizzling high<br />Mahogany neck gives full and warm tones and is very a very balanced sound<br />Construction and Sound: Solid Body Electric (neck)<br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
Front wood has different requirements. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Spruce has the best use of strength and flexibility. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The more vibration on the top, the louder the sound (Chapman)<br />Must be the right thickness to withstand the pull of the strings (about 175 pounds). (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Braces must be used so sound can be louder. (Chapman)<br />Wood Requirements: (Front)<br />
Usually are made from the same wood as the body<br />Inside the neck is a metal rod which gives support which can be adjusted also known as the “Tuss Rod”.<br />Must be able to vibrate <br />Wood Requirements: (Neck)<br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
The basic tuning 0f a modern guitar consists of EADGBE. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />“Steel Strings” describes a vast amount of compounds. (Bacon and Hunter) <br />Different compounds, as well as, different gauges, give out different sounds. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Heavier gauges are louder, need more tension and are harder to play. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />String Requirements<br />
Was first used by slaves to express their misfortunes as well as frustration, love, sex and loss. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The name is associated with the pain and agony slaves dealt with in the south. (Chapman)<br />Started as a vocal performance only. (Oliver)<br />Started by field hollers. (Oliver)<br />First associated with small towns, farms and plantations. (Oliver)<br />At first was considered masculine. (Chapman)<br />The Blues: Beginnings<br />
As it developed, southern prisoners, road crews and many gangs began singing the blues<br />After the civil war “the Blues” became a vocal performance accompanied by acoustic guitar<br />By the 1890’s much of the south sang the blues<br />The Blues<br />(Oliver)<br />
After the Civil War, Blues became a vocal/guitar combination. (Oliver)<br />Early Blues guitar used standard/fretless finger styles with a slide object. (Chapman)<br />From 1890 to 1910 was when Blues evolved to how it is played today. (Oliver)<br />The Blues: 1860’s – 1900’s<br />
Blues was first popularized in 1911-1914 by black composer W.C. Handy. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />All early records of Blues were instrumentals up until 1920. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Mamie Smith recorded “Crazy Blues” in which was the first Blues record to include vocals. (Baker)<br />After World War I many American Troops brought the Blues back home with them. (Baker)<br />During the 1920’s Blues became mainly duos, small groups and bands. (Baker)<br />The Blues: 1900-1920’s<br />
Blues Musicians did not use electric guitar until 1932; years after its availability. (Baker)<br />T-Bone Walker in the 1930’s was the first Blues guitarist to use the electric guitar. (Baker)<br />The 1940’s brought an explosion of talent. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Around this time players like B.B King emerged. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The Blues: 1930’s- 1940’s<br />
Always been a part of the south but was not “Country” it was the music of the people. (Byworth)<br />Was past on from Generation to Generation. (Chapman)<br />The Fiddle was the main instrument. (Byworth)<br />Same as the Blues, Country adopted the guitar due to its cheap production. (Chapman)<br />Country: The Beginning<br />
During the first two decades of the 20th century, very little knew of Country until radio. (Byworth)<br />After WWII Country became widespread due to radio. (Chapman) <br />Country really hit it big when it was featured in “Old Santa Fe” a movie produced in 1934. (Chapman)<br />Country<br />
As Country developed it fused with other kinds of music including the blues. (Chapman)<br />Many Country players moved from old time to electrified and steel. (Chapman)<br />The first successful country artist was John Carson. (Byworth)<br />By the 1930’s brought old time Country to become electrified and steel.<br />Country: Development<br />
In 1941, Ernest Tubb released “Walking The Floor Over You”.<br />Modern Country developed mainly from “Bakersfield Sound” rooted from California.<br />The 1960’s brought high standard and sophistication towards Country. <br />The 1970’s brought a number of new talented guitarists.<br />Country- 1940’s- 1970’s<br />(Baker)<br />
The name “Rock N’ Roll” came from Alan Freed. <br />Developed from the popularity of black rhythm and blues. <br />The first recording was “Rocker 88” by Jackie Brenston in 1951. <br />Artists like Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lewis and many others.<br />Rock N’ Roll: 1950’s<br />(World News Digest)<br />
During the 1960’s the music evolved in new directions<br />Rock N’ Roll became more experimental using elaborate effects and different recording techniques. <br />By the end of the Sixties many artist were involved in substances like LSD as well as Marijuana.<br />Artist of the Sixties include, The Beatles, Bob Dylan, Eric Clapton, The Jimi Hendrix Experience.<br />Rock N’ Roll: 1960’s<br />(World News Digest)<br />
Early in the decade a revival of 50’s style Rock N’ Roll was revived.<br />Many new styles of music were being introduced including Electronic music as well as Progressive Rock.<br />Bands such as Yes, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin and The Grateful Dead were popular at this time.<br />Styles like Punk were introduced in which was known for its short, fast danceable songs <br />Rock N’ Roll: 1970’s <br />(World News Digest)<br />
In the 1981 Music Television (MTV) was introduced. (World News Digest)<br />In the early 1980’s “New Wave” had began to to hit the seen. (World News Digest)<br />“New Wave” artists included Michael Jackson, Prince, Whitney Houston and Madonna. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The Beginnings of Hip-hop. (World News Digest)<br />Rock N’ Roll: 1980’s<br />
By the 1990’s Hip-Hop dominated radio airplay. (Chapman)<br />A new style of music known as Alternative hit the seen in the early 90’s. (World News Digest)<br />Alternative artists included Nirvana, Sound garden, Pearl Jam and Rage Against the Machine. (World News Digest)<br />By the late 1990’s a group of young teens came on the scene. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Rock N’ Roll: 1990’s<br />