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    Sport and health Sport and health Presentation Transcript

    • Each of youcome andthrough ball ina basket andintroduce himself .Hurry up……
    •  Sport and fitness psychology focuses onresearch, theory, and practice intended to improveperformance in sport and exercise settings.Sport and Health/ fitnesstherapy
    •  Researchers in the field attempt to understand howpsychological factors affect motor performance how participation in physical activity affectspsychological development.
    •  Peak performanceManaging stress Anxiety, managing moodRehabilitation from injury Exercise adherenceHealth promotion.Issues Sports PsychologyFocus On:
    •  Sport and fitness psychology dates back more than100 years. Coleman Griffith, was the first American tospecialize in the discipline. The academic discipline of sport psychology beganto be established in the time frame 1966-1977History of Sports / FitnessPsychology
    •  Since 2000, the field has grown worldwide,research has grown in diversity, and applicationand consulting have flourished Elite athletes, college and high school athletes, andcoaches utilize the services of sport psychologistsin order to increase enjoyment and improveperformance.CONT…………..
    •  Educational sport psychology specialists havetraining that allows them to deliver knowledge ofmental skills, but they do not treat emotionaldisorders.
    •  What is sports therapy?video
    •  Sport psychologists are competent in promoting bestpractices in mental training techniques. They have knowledge of psychology and exerciseand sport science. Clinical sport psychologists are trained to addressclinical issues such as mood disorders, substanceabuse, and disordered eating.Training and Practice ofSports Psychology
    •  Educational sport psychology specialists havetraining that allows them to deliver knowledge ofmental skills, but they do not treat emotionaldisorders.CONT…………….
    •  Sports Therapy is an aspect of healthcare that isspecifically concerned with the prevention of injuryand the rehabilitation of the patient.What is Sports Therapy?
    • A Sports Therapist is a practitioner who Has the knowledge and ability to provide first aidand attend to injuries in a recreational, training andcompetitive environment. Has the knowledge and ability to assess and, whereappropriate, refer on for specialist advice andintervention.What is a SportsTherapist?
    •  Has the knowledge and ability to provide sportsmassage pre and post activity. Has the knowledge and ability to implementappropriate rehabilitation programs. Has the knowledge to utilize sports and exerciseprinciples to optimize preparation and injuryprevention programs.CONT………….
    •  In sport, a Sports Therapist helps injured athletesreturn to full performance, after injury. A qualified Sports Therapist advises on preventionof injuries and can examine, assess and treat thosethat do occur, as well as helping with therehabilitation process.CONT…………..
    •  Techniques which are often used in treatmentinclude: Sports Massage Electrotherapy (Ultrasound/Interferential/TENS) Taping (Strapping)What Techniques do SportsTherapists Use?
    •  Muscle stretching techniques (including muscleenergy techniques) Muscle strengthening Core stability trainingCONT………….
    •  During recent decades, there has been a progressivedecline in the level of physical activity in peoplesdaily lives in developed countries. For a majority of people, little physical effort isinvolved any more in their work, domestic chores,transportation and leisure.Health, Sport & Well-being
    • specific health risks differ between countries andregions, the fact remains that physical inactivity is amajor risk factor for most common non-communicablediseases.physical activity can counteract many of the ill effectsof inactivity.CONT……………
    •  muscles relaxation exercise…..I will make to tense and relax sumera’s musclesthrough specific exercise …….Activity…….
    •  a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease orinfirmityDefining Health
    •  Sport and physical activity has long been used as atool to improve mental, physical and social well-being. Sport projects that specifically focus on healthoutcomes generally emphasize: The promotion of healthy lifestyle choices amongchildren and young people as well as adults tocombat inactivity;Physical Activity andHealth
    •  The use of sport as a tool to raise awareness oncommunicable diseases in developing countries, forexample, through district or national healthcampaigns supported by athletes and sportscompetitions; The use of sport as a didactical tool to communicatevital health-related information to ‘at risk’ groupsCONT…………
    •  The use of sport to mobilize hard-to-reach groups aspart of large-scale health campaigns, including forexample, communities with low population density; Sport is considered to contribute to achieving mentalhealth objectives, including addressing depressionand stress-related disorders.CONT……….
    •  The positive, direct effects of engaging in regularphysical activity are particularly apparent in theprevention of several chronic diseases, including:cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer,hypertension, obesity, depression and osteoporosis.The Health Benefits ofSport and Physical Activity
    •  A number of studies have shown that exercise mayplay a therapeutic role in addressing a number ofpsychological disorders. Studies also show that exercise has a positiveinfluence on depression. Physical self-worth and physical self-perception, including body image, has been linkedto improved self-esteem.Physical activity andpsychosocial health
    •  A number of factors influence the way in whichsport and physical activity impacts on health indifferent populations. Sport and physical activity in itself may not directlylead to benefits but, in combination with otherfactors, can promote healthy lifestyles.Sport and Physical Activityas part of a HealthyLifestyle
    •  There is evidence to suggest that changes in theenvironment can have a significant impact onopportunities for participation and in addition,the conditions under which the activity is takingplace can heavily impact on health outcomes. Elements that may be determinants on healthinclude nutrition, intensity and type of physicalactivity, appropriate footwear and clothing,climate, injury, stress levels and sleep patternsCont…………….
    •  Exercise time Come on 6 girls or moreWorkout
    •  Cardiovascular diseases Cardiovascular diseases include coronary heartdisease and stroke and are the leading causes ofdeath globally. Causes of cardiovascular disease are unhealthy diets,physical inactivity and tobacco use.Sport, Physical Activity andRisk Factors for MajorDiseases
    •  Physical activity reduces the risk of cardiovasculardisease by improving glucose metabolism, reducingbody fat and lowering blood pressure.CONT……………
    •  Diabetes is a disease which occurs when the bodydoes not produce or properly use insulin and thismay result in Type I or Type II diabetes. Diabetesmay be prevented, or at least delayed, by weightloss, a healthy lifestyle, in particular, regularphysical activity. Diet, drug therapy and physicalactivity are also major components of the treatmentof diabetes.Diabetes
    •  Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of fat that mayimpair health and unlike other diseases, social andenvironmental factors play a significant role indefining obesity. The incidence of obesity is agrowing concern internationally with an estimated400 million obese people in 2005. The global rise inthe incidence of obesity is related to a shift in dietand decreased physical activity levels.Obesity
    •  Cancer is not a single disease with a single type oftreatment and in fact, there are over 200 types of cancerinvolving abnormal growth of cells in different parts ofthe body. It has been estimated that 40% of all cancersmay be prevented by a healthy diet, physical activityand no tobacco use.Cancer
    •  Sports therapists give advice to athletes on how totrain and compete safely, as well as treat injuries andassist with rehabilitation. Their aim is to prevent injuries and to help thosewho are injured to return to full fitness.Sports therapist: Jobdescription
    •  Sports therapy and rehabilitation is concerned withmusculoskeletal conditions arising from sportingactivity, not with general healthcare. It focuses on understanding and preventing sportsinjuries and dealing with the effects of physical andemotional trauma due to sports injuries.Cont………….
    •  A sports therapist may be involved in any or all ofthe following activities: conducting an assessment of the players or athletesreadiness and advising on exercises prior to an eventor fixture; testing joints for ease and range of movement; strapping, taping, offering massage and preparingplayers or athletes physically andmentally;providing first aid;Typical work activities
    •  examining and assessing injuries and determiningwhether the athlete can continue playing or takingpart; examining and assessing injuries and dealing withtraumas, e.g. cuts, bruises and blisters; treating injuries, alleviating pain, mobilisinginjuries, giving various types of massage; rehabilitating injuries by using manipulativetechniques, apparatus and electrotherapy;
    •  4 girls……2 pairsone partner of each player will standstill…. While other will make him eat an ice cream asfat as she can…… so ready……..on my markGame activity
    • Association for appliedsports psychology providessome remedies for healthcare:
    •  Professional Resources for Sport and ExercisePsychology Professional development includes formal andinformal means for improving current skills andacquiring new skills. It provides students and professionals increasedinsights into their teaching, research, consulting, andservice in applied sport and exercise psychology.
    •  Why don’t people exercise when they know it’s goodfor them? Why do so many people begin an exerciseprogram, only to drop out after a few weeks? What are the best ways to encourage people tobecome more physically active?
    •  The answers to these questions are complex, buthave huge implications for people’s health and well-being, particularly in a society that is aging andconcerned about living longer and better.ANSWER
    • video
    •  CC-AASP services offers athletes at all levels of sportparticipation an opportunity to add mental skills toyour physical ones. For example, you can learn to set effective goals, dealwith wins and losses, be a leader, concentrate better,be more confident, stay composed under pressure,and enjoy your experiences in sport.Resources for Athletes
    •  Such skills are trainable and controllable, and whenexecuted, they can significantly increase thelikelihood that your performance will improve.CONT………..
    •  No one wants to be injured. However, physicallyactive people are likely to sustain some type of injurydue to their involvement. National statistics reveal that about 10% of allemergency room visits are the result of injury due toexercise or sport. In children and adolescents, sport and exerciseinjuriesInjury & Rehabilitation
    •  Sport psychology offers a new realm of discovery forcoaches and athletes at all levels of sport. Coaches can apply sport psychology principles tohelp improve team communication, cohesion, andsatisfaction. Through applying these principles, you can createan atmosphere that can enhance athletes’learning, build their confidence, and increase theirmotivation.Resources for Coaches
    •  Sport psychology also offers strategies you can use tohelp athletes improve concentration and maintaintheir composure under pressure. Such skills are trainable and controllable, and whenexecuted, they can increase the likelihood that teamperformance will improve.CONT…………
    •  Being the parent of a child involved in sportparticipation can be exciting, challenging, andrewarding. Sometimes it can be frustrating and disappointing. How parents react during youth sport events canmake a big difference in how their children feelabout sportResources for Parents
    •  As a parent, you want your child to developconfidence, have fun, learn new skills, developfriendships, cope with disappointment, and learncooperation through sportCONT………