• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Estructura molecularmembranascelulares
 

Estructura molecularmembranascelulares

on

  • 281 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
281
Views on SlideShare
281
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Estructura molecularmembranascelulares Estructura molecularmembranascelulares Document Transcript

    • (6758&785$02/(&8/$5'(0(0%5$1$6&(/8/$5(6 'U0DULR6XZDOVN: 'HSDUWDPHQWRGH3ROtPHURV)DFXOWDGGH&LHQFLDV4XtPLFDV8QLYHUVLGDGGH&RQFHSFLyQ &DVLOOD&&RQFHSFLyQPVXZDOVN#XGHFFO /D GHILQLFLyQ PiV VHQFLOOD GH OD PHPEUDQD FHOXODU HV UHIHULUVH D HOOD FRPR HO PHGLR TXH VHSDUDODSDUWHLQWHUQDGHODFpOXOD FLWRSODVPD
    • GHODSDUWHH[WHUQD SODVPDHQHOFDVRGH ODV PHPEUDQDVSODVPiWLFDV
    • TXHVRQPHGLRVDOWDPHQWHDFXRVRVTXHDGHPiVHVFUXFLDO SDUD PDQWHQHU OD FpOXOD LQWDFWD 3RU RWUD SDUWH HVWDV SURSLHGDGHV WDPELpQ ULJHQ SDUD ODV PHPEUDQDVLQWHUQDVGHODVRUJDQHODVSUHVHQWHVHQHOFLWRSODVPDTXHSHUPLWHQDODFpOXOD GHVDUUROODUPXFKDVGHVXVDFWLYLGDGHVELRTXtPLFDVHQIRUPDVLPXOWiQHDTXHGHRWURPRGR VHUtDQ LQFRPSDWLEOHV  6LQ HPEDUJR ODV IXQFLRQHV GH OD PHPEUDQD VRQ PXFKR PiV FRPSOHMDV D TXH DGHPiV GH SDUWLFLSDU HQ HO WUDQVSRUWH DFWLYR GH PROpFXODV  LRQHV HQ DPERV VHQWLGRV PHGLDQWH FDQDOHV  ERPEDV OR TXH SHUPLWH TXH GHWHUPLQDGDV VXVWDQFLDV HQWUHQ  DEDQGRQHQ OD FpOXOD HQ IRUPD VHOHFWLYD HQYtD  UHFLEH PHQVDMHV TXtPLFRV  HOpFWULFRV LQFOXHQGR VHxDOHV SDUD VXV GLYLVLRQHV  VtQWHVLV GH SURWHtQDV DGHPiV FRQWLHQH RWUDVSURWHtQDVFRPRUHFHSWRUHVHQ]LPDVTXHWDPELpQFXPSOHQIXQFLRQHVYLWDOHVSDUDOD FpOXOD'DGDHQWRQFHVODLPSRUWDQFLDGHODVPHPEUDQDVUHVXOWDFXULRVRTXHQRVHFRQR]FD HQGHWDOOHVXVHVWUXFWXUDVPROHFXODUHV/DUD]yQGHHVWDDQRPDOtDVHEDVDHQORVLJXLHQWH/D JUDQPDRUtDGHODVHVWUXFWXUDVWULGLPHQVLRQDOHVFRQRFLGDVGH ORVHOHPHQWRVFRPSXHVWRV GHVGH ORV PiV VHQFLOORV KDVWD ORV GH OD PDV DOWD FRPSOHMLGDG VH KD GHWHUPLQDGR HQ VXV FULVWDOHV SRU HO SRGHURVR PpWRGRV GH GLIUDFFLyQ GH UDRV ; (VWH D GLIHUHQFLD GH ODV UDGLRJUDItDV D TXH HVWDPRV DFRVWXPEUDGRV  TXH VH EDVD HQ OD FDSDFLGDG GH SHQHWUDU OD PDWHULDGHELGRDVXSHTXHxDORQJLWXGGHRQGDGHDOUHGHGRUGH$QJVWURP HTXLYDOHQWHD  FHQWtPHWURV
    • XWLOL]DODFRPELQDFLyQGHVXVRQGDVHOHFWURPDJQpWLFDVOXHJRTXHHVWDVVRQ UHIOHMDGDVSRUWRGRVORViWRPRVSUHVHQWHVHQXQFULVWDO/DOLPLWDQWHGHpVWHPpWRGRHVTXH UHTXLHUHQRVRORTXHODVVXVWDQFLDVHVWpQDEVROXWDPHQWHSXUDVVLQRTXHDGHPiVVXViWRPRV LRQHV R PROpFXODV FRQVWLWXWLYDV HVWpQ EDMR OD IRUPD GH FULVWDOHV HV GHFLU UHJXODUPHQWH RUGHQDGDV HQ ODV WUHV GLPHQVLRQHV GHO HVSDFLR 'H HVWH PRGR VH KDQ GHWHUPLQDGR HVWUXFWXUDVWDQFRPSOHMDVFRPRHQ]LPDVKHPRJORELQDHO$'1 (Q HO FDVR GH ODV PHPEUDQDV FHOXODUHV GHVGH XQ SXQWR GH YLVWD TXtPLFR pVWDV HVWiQ FRQVWLWXLGDV EiVLFDPHQWH SRU WUHV FODVHV GH PROpFXODV SURWHtQDV  OtSLGRV HQ DSUR[LPDGDPHQWHXQFDGDXQRDJXDHQXQ6LQHPEDUJRHOSUREOHPDSDUDVX GHWHUPLQDFLyQ HVWUXFWXUDO UHVLGH HQ HO HOHYDGR Q~PHUR GH PROpFXODV GLIHUHQWHV $Vt SRU HMHPSOR HQ FDVR GH ODV PHPEUDQDV GH ORV JOyEXORV URMRV KXPDQRV VH KDQ GHWHUPLQDGR DOUHGHGRUGHWLSRVGHSURWHtQDVGHOtSLGRVGLIHUHQWHVpVWRV~OWLPRVDJUXSDGRVHQ WUHVFODVHVSULQFLSDOHVSKRVSKROtSLGRVFROHVWHUROJOLFROtSLGRV(VWDFRPSOHMLGDGTXtPLFD VHYHDJUDYDGDSRUHOHIHFWRIOXLGL]DQWHGHODJXD(QUHVXPHQHQOXJDUGHGLVSRQHUGHXQD VRODPROpFXODUHJXODUPHQWHRUGHQDGDWULGLPHQVLRQDOPHQWHVHWLHQHXQHOHYDGRQ~PHURGH PROpFXODV GLIHUHQWHV TXH HQ VX JUDQ PDRUtD HVWiQ LUUHJXODUPHQWH GLVWULEXLGDV 6LQ HPEDUJRPHGLDQWHGLIHUHQWHVWpFQLFDVH[SHULPHQWDOHVHYLGHQFLDVLQGLUHFWDVVHKDOOHJDGR DODSURSRVLFLyQGHXQPRGHORGHPHPEUDQDHOTXHVHSUHVHQWDPXHVTXHPiWLFDPHQWHHQ ODILJXUD 
    • )LJXUD5HSUHVHQWDFLyQHVTXHPiWLFDGHPHPEUDQDVFHOXODUHV /DV SURWHtQDV IXQFLRQDOPHQWH HVWiQ XELFDGDV GRQGH FRUUHVSRQGH SDUD HMHUFHU DGHFXDGDPHQWH VXV IXQFLRQHV ILVLROyJLFDV VLQ HPEDUJR GHVGH HO SXQWR GH YLVWD GH OD SHULRGLFLGDGHVSDFLDOUHTXHULGDSRUHOPpWRGRGHGLIUDFFLyQGHUDRV;HOODVVHHQFXHQWUDQ WRWDOPHQWH GHVRUGHQDGDV 3RU RWUD SDUWH ORV OtSLGRV PXHVWUDQ XQ FLHUWR JUDGR GH RUGHQ D TXHVHHQFXHQWUDQDJUXSDGRVDODIRUPDGHELFDSDVFRQVWLWXHQGRXQDHVSHFLHGHPDWUL]HQ ODTXHVHLQVHUWDQODVSURWHtQDVVHJ~QVHSXHGHDSUHFLDUHQODILJXUD(VSRUHVWDUD]yQTXH ODVELFDSDVOLStGLFDVVRQDPSOLDPHQWHXWLOL]DGDVFRPRPRGHORV PROHFXODUHVGHPHPEUDQDV FHOXODUHV(QODDFWXDOLGDGHVWiWDPELpQPXDFHSWDGDODQRFLyQGHODDVLPHWUtDPROHFXODU GH ODV ELFDSDV OR TXH VLJQLILFD TXH XQ WLSR GH OtSLGRV DPSOLDPHQWH SUHVHQWH HQ ODV PHPEUDQDV ORV IRVIROtSLGRV VH HQFXHQWUDQ HQ GLIHUHQWHV SURSRUFLRQHV HQ FDGD XQD GH ODV PRQRFDSDV $Vt SRU HMHPSOR HQ ODV PHPEUDQDV GH ORV JOyEXORV URMRV KXPDQRV ODV GLDFLOIRVIDWLGLOFROLQDVHVILQJRPLHOLQDVVHXELFDQSUHIHUHQWHPHQWHHQODPRQRFDSDH[WHUQD SODVPiWLFD
    • PLHQWUDVTXHODVGLDFLOIRVIDWLGLOHWDQRODPLQDVIRVIDWLGLOVHULQDVORKDFHQHQOD PRQRFDSDLQWHUQD FLWRSODVPiWLFD
    •  
    • &DGHQDVKLGURIyELFDV + +  2 2 & & & 2 3 2 5 +& 2 + 2 2 + +& & & &DEH]DSRODU 2 + + + &+ + + +  &+  + & 1 & 1 & &+ & + + + + +  5 3& 5 3( )LJXUD )yUPXODHVTXHPiWLFDGHIRVIROtSLGRV /RVIRVIROtSLGRVFXDV IyUPXODV HVTXHPiWLFDV VHSUHVHQWDQ HQODILJXUDFRUUHVSRQGHQD XQD FODVH PX LPSRUWDQWH H LQWHUHVDQWH GH PROpFXODV ELROyJLFDV ([KLEHQ XQ FDUiFWHU DQILItOLFR GHELGR D TXH SRU XQD SDUWH FRQWLHQHQ ODUJDV FDGHQDV KLGURFDUERQDGDV TXH OHV FRQILHUHQ XQ FDUiFWHU KLGURIyELFR HO TXH LPSLGH HO SDVR OLEUH GHO DJXD D WUDYpV GH ODV PHPEUDQDV PLHQWUDV TXH SRU RWUD SDUWH SUHVHQWDQ HQ HO H[WUHPR RSXHVWR FDEH]DV SRODUHV KLGURItOLFDV FRQVWLWXtGDV SRU JUXSRV DPLQR  IRVIDWR /DV FDEH]DV SRODUHV VH FDUDFWHUL]DQ DGHPiV SRU WHQHU FDUiFWHU GH ]ZLWWHULyQLFDV D TXH PLHQWUDV ORV IRVIDWRV SUHVHQWDQ XQD FDUJDQHJDWLYDORVJUXSRVDPLQRWHUPLQDOHVSUHVHQWDQXQDFDUJDSRVLWLYD(QFRQWDFWRFRQ HO DJXD ORV IRVIROtSLGRV IRUPDQ GLIHUHQWHV WLSRV GH DJUHJDGRV PROHFXODUHV ORV TXH GHSHQGHQ GH IDFWRUHV LQWHUQRV WDOHV FRPR VXV HVWUXFWXUDV TXtPLFDV IRUPDV TXH SUHVHQWDQ VXV PROpFXODV FDUJDV HOpFWULFDV FRQFHQWUDFLRQHV WHPSHUDWXUD S+  PHGLR LyQLFR /RV GLDJUDPDVGHIDVHTXHSUHVHQWDQORVIRVIROtSLGRVVyORHQIXQFLyQGHVXVFRQFHQWUDFLRQHV WHPSHUDWXUDVRQGHSRUVtFRPSOHMRV$PRGRGHHMHPSORIRVIROtSLGRVDFRPSDxDGRVGHXQD SHTXHxD FDQWLGDG GH DJXD SUHVHQWDQ ODV VLJXLHQWHV IDVHV D PHGLGD TXH VH DXPHQWD OD WHPSHUDWXUD /Fo /E o 3E¶o /D o 4__ o +__ o0__ /DSULPHUDWUDQVLFLyQRFXUUHGHVGHODIDVHFULVWDOLQDODPHODU /F
    • D ODIDVHJHOODPHODUFRQ FDGHQDV KLGURFDUERQDGDV RUGHQDGDV /E
    •  SRVWHULRUPHQWH KD XQD WUDQVLFLyQ D OD IDVH JHO 3E¶
    • TXHVHFDUDFWHUL]DSRUVHURQGXODGDFRQODVFDGHQDVLQFOLQDGDVODTXHHVVHJXLGDSRU OD IDVH ODPHODU IOXtGD /D
    • FRQ FDGHQDV GHVRUGHQDGDV $ PDRUHV WHPSHUDWXUDV RFXUUHQ WUDQVLFLRQHV D IDVHV QR ODPHODUHV LQYHUVDV WDOHV FRPR OD F~ELFD 4 __ KH[DJRQDO +__  ILQDOPHQWHODIDVHPLFHODU0__ 'HWRGDVODVIDVHVODPiVUHOHYDQWH GHVGHHOSXQWRGHYLVWD ELROyJLFR HVODODPHODURGHELFDSDSRUOD HVWUHFKDUHODFLyQFRQHOWLSRGHRUGHQDPLHQWRTXH SUHVHQWDQORVIRVIROtSLGRVHQODVPHPEUDQDVFHOXODUHV 
    • (Q HO /DERUDWRULR GH 5DRV ; GH OD )DFXOWDG GH &LHQFLDV 4XtPLFDV GH OD 8QLYHUVLGDG GH &RQFHSFLyQ VH KD HVWDGR HVWXGLDQGR GHVGH KDFH YDULRV DxRV ODV HVWUXFWXUDV GH ELFDSD GH GLDFLOIRVIDWLGLOFROLQDV 3&
    •   GLDFLOIRVIDWLGLOHWDQRODPLQDV 3(
    •  TXH FRPR VH KD PHQFLRQDGR FRUUHVSRQGHQ D FODVHV GH IRVIROtSLGRV TXH VH XELFDQ UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH HQ ODV PRQRFDSDV H[WHUQDV H LQWHUQDV GH PXFKDV PHPEUDQDV FHOXODUHV (OORV TXtPLFDPHQWH GLILHUHQVRODPHQWHHQVXVJUXSRVDPLQRWHUPLQDOHV1 &+
    • HQODV3&1+HQODV3( 'HELGRDODORQJLWXGIOH[LELOLGDGGHODVFDGHQDVKLGURFDUERQDGDVUHVXOWDH[WUHPDGDPHQWH GLItFLORUGHQDUWULGLPHQVLRQDOPHQWHHVWDVPROpFXODVTXHFRPR VHKDYLVWRHVXQUHTXLVLWR LQGLVSHQVDEOH SDUD REWHQHU HQ IRUPD PX GHWDOODGD VXV HVWUXFWXUDV PROHFXODUHV SRU GLIUDFFLyQ GH UDRV ; 6LQ HPEDUJR VH ORJUy GHVDUUROODU XQD WpFQLFD TXH KD SHUPLWLGR SUHSDUDUPXHVWUDVFRQXQDGHFXDGRJUDGRGHRUGHQFXRVGLDJUDPDVGHUDRV;SUHVHQWDQ XQ DFHSWDEOH Q~PHUR GH UHIOH[LRQHV *UDFLDV D HOOR VH SXGR GHWHUPLQDU ODV HVWUXFWXUDV WULGLPHQVLRQDOHVGHDPERVWLSRVGHIRVIROtSLGRVFRQFDGHQDVKLGURFDUERQDGDVGHGLIHUHQWHV ORQJLWXGHV HQ XQ DPSOLR UDQJR GH KLGUDWDFLyQ D WHPSHUDWXUDV PHQRUHV TXH ODV GH WUDQVLFLRQHVGHVXVIDVHVPDVRUJDQL]DGDV /F/D
    • DODVPiVGHVRUGHQDGDV(ODQiOLVLVGH ODV GLIHUHQWHV 3&  3( SHUPLWLy FRQFOXLU TXH DPERV WLSRV GH IRVIROtSLGRV SUHVHQWDQ WDQWR FDUDFWHUtVWLFDVFRPXQHV FRPRRWUDVTXHODVGLIHUHQFLDQ )LJXUD&RQIRUPDFLyQPROHFXODUGHIRVIROtSLGRV 'H HVWHPRGRHQODILJXUDTXH PXHVWUDODFRQIRUPDFLyQPROHFXODUGHORVIRVIROtSLGRVVH SXHGHDSUHFLDUODVVLJXLHQWHVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVTXHOHVVRQFRPXQHV D
    • ODVFDGHQDVKLGURFDUERQDGDVHVWiQPDRULWDULDPHQWHH[WHQGLGDVVHRUGHQDQHQIRUPD SDUDOHOD E
    • HO JUXSR SRODU VH RULHQWD SHUSHQGLFXODUPHQWH FRQ UHVSHFWR D ODV FDGHQDV KLGURFDUERQDGDV /DILJXUDPXHVWUDHO PRGR GHHPSDTXHWDPLHQWRPROHFXODUGH3&3(SDUDIRUPDUODV ELFDSDV6HJ~QVHSXHGHDSUHFLDUHQDPERVFDVRVODVPROpFXODVVHRUGHQDQODWHUDOPHQWHHQ IRUPD SDUDOHOD SDUD IRUPDU PRQRFDSDV ODV ELFDSDV VH FRQVWLWXHQ PHGLDQWH LQWHUDFFLRQHV 
    • PROHFXODUHV HQ ORV H[WUHPRV GH ODV FDGHQDV $PEDV HVWUXFWXUDV VH HVWDELOL]DQ PHGLDQWH LQWHUDFFLRQHV GH FDUiFWHU KLGURIyELFR HQWUH ODV FDGHQDV KLGURFDUERQDGDV  DWUDFFLRQHV HOHFWURVWiWLFDV HQWUH ORV JUXSRV SRODUHV YHFLQRV 6LQ HPEDUJR ODV 3&  3( SUHVHQWDQ ODV VLJXLHQWHVGLIHUHQFLDVHVWUXFWXUDOHV D
    • HOHPSDTXHWDPLHQWRPROHFXODUGHODV ELFDSDVGHODV3&HVPiVDELHUWRVHJ~QVHSXHGH DSUHFLDU HQ OD ILJXUD  D
    •  HQ ODV TXH H[LVWHQ HVSDFLRV LQWHUELFDSDV DOWDPHQWH SRODUHV GRQGH VH XELFDQ ODV PROpFXODV GH DJXD TXH FXDQGR HVWiQ HQ H[FHVR SURGXFHQ OD VHSDUDFLyQ GH ODV ELFDSDV  FRPR FRQVHFXHQFLD XQ PDRU GHVRUGHQ GHELGR D OD GHVDSDULFLyQ GH ODV DWUDFFLRQHV HOHFWURVWiWLFDV LQWHUELFDSDV TXH HVWDELOL]DQ VXV HVWUXFWXUDV E
    •  3RUHOFRQWUDULRHOHPSDTXHWDPLHQWR PROHFXODUGHODVELFDSDVGH3(HVPiVFRPSDFWR ILJXUD E
    •  QR H[LVWLHQGR HVSDFLRV LQWHUELFDSDV (OORVHGHEHDOPHQRU WDPDxR PDRU FDUJD HIHFWLYD GH VXV JUXSRV 1+ FRPSDUDGRV FRQ ORVPDVYROXPLQRVRV  1 &+
    •  SUHVHQWHV HQ ODV 3& &RPRFRQVHFXHQFLDHODJXD QLPXFKRVFRPSXHVWRV ORJUDQ VHSDUDUVXV ELFDSDV GDGR D TXH HVWiQ IXHUWHPHQWH XQLGDV SRU SXHQWHV + H LQWHUDFFLRQHV HOHFWURVWiWLFDV HQWUH FDUJDV SRVLWLYDV GHORVJUXSRVDPLQRWHUPLQDOHV ODV QHJDWLYDVGHORVJUXSRVIRVIDWR D E )LJXUD(PSDTXHWDPLHQWRPROHFXODUGH ORV IRVIROtSLGRV D
    •  3&  E
    • 3( 
    • (VWHFRQRFLPLHQWR GHODVHVWUXFWXUDVFRPSRUWDPLHQWRVILVLFRTXtPLFRVGHDPEDVFODVHVGH IRVIROtSLGRV KD SHUPLWLGR VX XWLOL]DFLyQ FRPR PRGHORV PROHFXODUHV SDUD LQWHUSUHWDU ORV HIHFWRV HVWUXFWXUDOHV  IXQFLRQDOHV TXH GLYHUVRV FRPSXHVWRV TXtPLFRV GH UHOHYDQFLD ELROyJLFD SURGXFHQ D PHPEUDQDV FHOXODUHV &RQ HVWH ILQ DPERV WLSRV GH ELFDSDV VH KDFHQ LQWHUDFFLRQDU FRQ HVWRV FRPSXHVWRV  ORV FDPELRV HVWUXFWXUDOHV LQGXFLGRV VH GHWHFWDQ SRU GLIUDFFLyQ GH UDRV ;  HVSHFWURVFRStD GH IOXRUHVFHQFLD HQ OLSRVRPDV GH 3& HVWRV VRQ SHTXHxDVHVIHUDVIRUPDGDVSRUXQDRYDULDVELFDSDVFRQFpQWULFDVGHIRVIROtSLGRVFRQDJXD HQ VX LQWHULRU 0HGLDQWH HVWDVGRVWpFQLFDVVHSXHGHGHWHUPLQDUVLHOFRPSXHVWRHQHVWXGLR LQGXFHFDPELRVHVWUXFWXUDOHVVLHVWRVVHSURGXFHQHQ3&R3(OXJDUGHODVELFDSDVHQTXHVH ORFDOL]DHOFRPSXHVWRORVJUXSRVTXtPLFRVGHODVELFDSDVFRQORVTXHLQWHUDFFLRQDQ (VGHVGHOXHJRPXLPSRUWDQWHUHODFLRQDUORVUHVXOWDGRVTXHVHREWLHQHQHQORVVLVWHPDV PRGHORV GHVFULWRV FRQ ORV HIHFWRV TXH HVWRV FRPSXHVWRV SXHGDQ LQGXFLU D PHPEUDQDV FHOXODUHV 3DUD HVWH SURSyVLWR VH XWLOL]DQ JOyEXORV URMRV KXPDQRV FXDV PHPEUDQDV SUHVHQWDQ FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV TXH ODV KDFHQ UHSUHVHQWDWLYDV GH ODV PHPEUDQDV HQ JHQHUDO &RQ HVWH ILQ ORV JOyEXORV URMRV VH LQFXEDQ FRQ ORV FRPSXHVWRV  OXHJR VH REVHUYDQ SRU PLFURVFRStD ySWLFD  HOHFWUyQLFD GH EDUULGR   (Q FDVR GH SURGXFLUVH LQWHUDFFLRQHV ORV JOyEXORV URMRV FDPELDQ VX IRUPD GLVFRtGHD D RWUDV IRUPDV ODV TXH GHSHQGHQ GHO OXJDU HQ TXHVHLQFRUSRUHHOFRPSXHVWR6LORKDFHHQODPRQRFDSDH[WHUQDGHVXVPHPEUDQDVHOODVH H[SDQGHODWHUDOPHQWHHQUHODFLyQDODLQWHUQDRULJLQDQGRSURWXEHUDQFLDVHQODVXSHUILFLHGH ORV JOyEXORV URMRV 3RU HO FRQWUDULR VL VH LQFRUSRUD HQ OD PRQRFDSD LQWHUQD ORV JOyEXORV URMRVSUHVHQWDQXQDSURIXQGDGHSUHVLyQFHQWUDODGTXLULHQGRXQDIRUPDGHWD]D7DPELpQVH XWLOL]DQ PHPEUDQDV DLVODGDV GH JOyEXORV URMRV ODV TXH VH DQDOL]DQ SRU HVSHFWURVFRStD GH IOXRUHVFHQFLD 'H HVWH PRGR PHGLDQWH OD XWLOL]DFLyQ  GH HVWRV VLVWHPDV HV SRVLEOH GHWHUPLQDU FRQ XQ DOWR JUDGR GH SUHFLVLyQ ORV VLJXLHQWHV DVSHFWRV UHODFLRQDGRV FRQ OD LQWHUDFFLyQGHXQGHWHUPLQDGRFRPSXHVWRFRQPHPEUDQDVFHOXODUHV D
    • VLHOFRPSXHVWRLQWHUDFFLRQDRQRFRQPHPEUDQDV E
    • VLODLQWHUDFFLyQVHSURGXFHFRQODPRQRFDSDH[WHUQDRLQWHUQD F
    • VLODLQWHUDFFLyQHVFRQSURWHtQDVRFRQIRVIROtSLGRV G
    • HQHVWH~OWLPRFDVRVLHVFRQ3&R3( H
    • XELFDFLyQGHOFRPSXHVWRHQODELFDSDORVJUXSRVTXtPLFRVGHORVIRVIROtSLGRVFRQ TXHLQWHUDFFLRQD I
    • HOJUDGRGHSHUWXUEDFLyQHVWUXFWXUDOTXHSURYRFD 8QDVSHFWRLPSRUWDQWHTXHVHFRQVLGHUDHVHOKHFKRTXHVLORVFRPSXHVWRVVHLQFRUSRUDQHQ ODVELFDSDVOLStGLFDVODVSHUWXUEDFLRQHVHVWUXFWXUDOHVLQGXFLGDVDIHFWDQODVHVWUXFWXUDVSRU HQGHODVIXQFLRQHVGHSURWHtQDV TXH FXPSOHQ IXQFLRQHV WDQ GLYHUVDV FRPR FDQDOHV UHFHSWRUHVRHQ]LPDVDIHFWDQGRGHHVWHPRGRIXQFLRQHVFHOXODUHVYLWDOHV3RUHVWDUD]yQVH HIHFW~DQDGHPiVPHGLFLRQHVHOHFWURILVLROyJLFDVHQSLHOHVGHVDSRVTXHVRQPXULFDVHQ FDQDOHVLyQLFRV2EYLDPHQWHODDOWHUDFLyQGHXQSURFHVRILVLROyJLFRWDQLPSRUWDQWHFRPRHO WUDQVSRUWH LyQLFR QR VROR SHUPLWH FRPSUREDU OD YDOLGH] GH ORV UHVXOWDGRV DQWHULRUHV VLQR TXH DGHPiV SHUPLWH HYDOXDU HIHFWRV Wy[LFRV GH GLIHUHQWHV HVSHFLHV TXtPLFDV (QWUH HVWDV FDEHPHQFLRQDUHQHVSHFLDOPHWDOHVSHVWLFLGDVGURJDVWHUDSpXWLFDV 
    • $JUDGHFLPLHQWRV 3DUD HO GHVDUUROOR GH HVWDV LQYHVWLJDFLRQHV VH FXHQWD HQ OD DFWXDOLGDG FRQ HO DSRR GH )21'(&<7 SURHFWRV   
    •   &21,&<7&15 ,WDOLD
    •  
    •  6H DJUDGHFH D &DUORV 6FKQHLGHU  3HGUR +HUQiQGH] VXV DXGDV HQ OD SUHSDUDFLyQGHODVILJXUDV %LEOLRJUDItD %LRPHPEUDQH6WUXFWXUHDQG)XQFWLRQ'&KDSPDQHG9HUODJ&KHPLH(QJODQG %LRTXtPLFD$//HKQLQJHU5HYHUWp ,Q6HDUFKRID1HZ%LRPHPEUDQH0RGHO20RXULWVHQ26$QGHUVHQHGV0XQNVJDDUG &RSHQKDJXHQ'HQPDUN 0HPEUDQH 3KVLRORJ 7( $QGUHROL -) +RIIPDQ '' )DQHVWLO HGV 3OHQXP 1HZ <RUN86$ 3KVLFDO 3URSHUWLHV RI %LRORJLFDO 0HPEUDQHV DQG WKHLU )XQFWLRQDO ,PSOLFDWLRQV & +LGDOJRHG3OHQXP1HZ<RUN86$