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  1. 1. by: Abby M.AbuyodBiasongSchool National High
  2. 2. REALISM
  3. 3. Matter is real.Objects exist whether or not there is human mind to perceive them.
  4. 4. “Form or ideas can exist even without matter, but there can be no matter without form.”“God created matter out ofnothing and God is theUnmoved Mover who givesmeaning and purpose to theuniverse.”
  5. 5. ARISTOTLE believed that matter is caused by four things:
  6. 6. “Knowledge is power. Through the acquisition of knowledge we could more effectively deal with the problems and forces that beset us on every side.”“We are born with our mind asa blank sheet on which ideasare imprinted.”
  7. 7. “The important things to be learned are ideas, but the ideas need to be connected with experiences.”“He believed philosophyshould be analytical andbased on science.”
  8. 8. REALISM AND EDUCATIONAims of EducationTo teach truth rather thanbeauty, to understand the presentpractical life.To provide the students with essentialknowledge he will need to survive in thenatural world.
  9. 9. REALISM AND THE CURRICULAThe realists believe that the mostefficient and effective way to find outabout reality is to study it throughorganized, separate, and systematicallyarranged subject matter. This is calledthe subject-matter approach tocurriculum which is composed of twobasic components – the body ofknowledge and the appropriate pedagogyto fit the readiness of the learners.
  10. 10. REALISM AND METHODS OF TEACHING1. Education should proceed from simple to complex and from concrete to abstract.2. Students to be taught to analyze rather than to construct.3. Vernacular to be the medium of instruction.4. Repetition is necessary for retention.5. Individual’s experience and spirit of inquiry is more important than authority.6. More emphasis on questioning and understanding.
  11. 11. REALISM AND THE TEACHER A teacher should be such that he himself be educated and well versed with the customs of beliefs and rights and duties of people, and the trends of all ages and places. He must have full mastery of the knowledge of present life. He must guide the students towards the hard realities of life. He must be able to expose children to the problems of life and the world around.
  12. 12. REALISM AND THE CHILD The child is a real unit which has real existence. Child has to be given as much freedom as possible. The child is to be enabled to proceed on the basis of facts. The child can learn only when he follows the laws of learning. The child is to be understood as a creature of the real world.
  13. 13. REALISM AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATION School organization would be based on the real needs of society. The opening of science classes in every school is a must. Only academic and literary subjects are not sufficient to fulfill the needs of the society. School is the mirror of the society. It is a miniature form of society and it presents the real picture of the society.
  14. 14. “Teaching requires acareful blending of theory and practice. Theory without practice is insufficient; while practice without theory