Roman Art Architecture and engineering Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS  Chappaqua, NY
Roman Architecture
Model of Rome
Characteristics <ul><li>During the Republic –  Temple   Architecture : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>blended Etruscan & Greek feat...
Temple of “ Fortuna Virilis ”
Characteristics <ul><li>CONCRETE : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>created a revolution in architectural design. </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Sanctuary of  Fortuna Palestrina
Model of Roman Forum
Model of Trajan’s Forum
Characteristics <ul><li>ARCH & VAULT : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coliseum  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Race Track –  Circus Max...
Triumphal  Arch of Titus
Arch of Constantine
Barrel or  “Tunnel” Vault <ul><li>Windows can be  placed at any point. </li></ul><ul><li>These vaults require buttressing ...
Groin Vault <ul><li>Also called a cross vault. </li></ul><ul><li>Needs less buttressing. </li></ul>
Multi Groin Vaults <ul><li>A series of groin vaults  can have open lateral  arches that form  Clerestories. </li></ul><ul>...
Early Roman Amphitheater <ul><li>Seats about 20,000 </li></ul>
Roman Theater
Theater of Marcellus
Roman Coliseum
Roman Coliseum
Interior of the Coliseum <ul><li>Arena  is Latin for the sand, coating the floor   that soaks up the blood of the combatan...
Circus Maximus 300,000 seat capacity!
Roman Bath in England
Characteristics <ul><li>DOME : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basilicas   - Large and relatively open   space.   - examples:   ►  P...
Cylindrical Dome <ul><li>With the dome, the Romans could surpass earlier cultures by their ability to span  space. </li></...
The Pantheon Plans
The Pantheon
Pantheon’s Dome
The Pantheon Interior
The Pantheon Interior Painting by Giovanni  Paolo Pannini (18c)
Roman Engineering
Innovative  Engineering Techniques <ul><li>Roads –  macadam </li></ul><ul><li>Aqueducts </li></ul><ul><li>Arch Bridge  </l...
Via Appia All roads lead to Rome!
Roman Aqueduct
Aqueduct in Segovia
Roman Arch Bridge  in Spain
Hadrian’s Wall in Britain
Roman Sculpture
Characteristics of Roman Sculpture <ul><li>Collectors and copiers of Greek   works [more idealistic]. </li></ul><ul><li>Ca...
Roman Copy of Greek Art Original created by the Greek sculptor, Polyclitus, 5c BCE
Republican Couple <ul><li>Realistic portraits – like Hellenistic Greek style. </li></ul>
Portraits of Emperors Julius Caesar Nero Hadrian Marcus Aurelius
Mosaics on a  Roman Villa Floor
Roman Citizens
Column Of Trajan
Base Relief Legionnaires  on Trajan’s Column
Roman Sarcophagus <ul><li>Marble base relief – Etruscan influence? </li></ul>
Roman Frescoes
Roman Villa
House in Herculaneum
Frescoes on aVilla’s    Walls
Roman Crafts
Roman Crafts 1c BCE glass bowl Ivory Cameo Gold earrings
Greek and roman art and architecture are all around us
Jefferson Memorial
Lincoln Memorial
The  US Capitol Building
Statue of Justice US Supreme Court Building
Federal Court  Building in NYC
Metropolitan Museum  of Art
Statue of Liberty
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ROMAN ARTS AND ENGINEERING

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ROMAN ARTS AND ENGINEERING

  1. 1. Roman Art Architecture and engineering Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Roman Architecture
  3. 3. Model of Rome
  4. 4. Characteristics <ul><li>During the Republic – Temple Architecture : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>blended Etruscan & Greek features. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emphasis on the front of the building. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>example: Temple of Fortuna Virilis . </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Temple of “ Fortuna Virilis ”
  6. 6. Characteristics <ul><li>CONCRETE : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>created a revolution in architectural design. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>create larger, heavier buildings. * example: - The Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina . </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina
  8. 8. Model of Roman Forum
  9. 9. Model of Trajan’s Forum
  10. 10. Characteristics <ul><li>ARCH & VAULT : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coliseum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Race Track – Circus Maximus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Baths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amphitheaters </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Triumphal Arch of Titus
  12. 12. Arch of Constantine
  13. 13. Barrel or “Tunnel” Vault <ul><li>Windows can be placed at any point. </li></ul><ul><li>These vaults require buttressing to counter-act the downward thrust of weight. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Groin Vault <ul><li>Also called a cross vault. </li></ul><ul><li>Needs less buttressing. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Multi Groin Vaults <ul><li>A series of groin vaults can have open lateral arches that form Clerestories. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows that allow light into the interior of churches. </li></ul><ul><li>These concrete windows are fireproof [an important consideration since many early churches burned!] </li></ul>
  16. 16. Early Roman Amphitheater <ul><li>Seats about 20,000 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Roman Theater
  18. 18. Theater of Marcellus
  19. 19. Roman Coliseum
  20. 20. Roman Coliseum
  21. 21. Interior of the Coliseum <ul><li>Arena is Latin for the sand, coating the floor that soaks up the blood of the combatants. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Circus Maximus 300,000 seat capacity!
  23. 23. Roman Bath in England
  24. 24. Characteristics <ul><li>DOME : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basilicas - Large and relatively open space. - examples: ► Pantheon ► early Christian churches </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Cylindrical Dome <ul><li>With the dome, the Romans could surpass earlier cultures by their ability to span space. </li></ul><ul><li>Light enters through the oculus on top. </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Pantheon Plans
  27. 27. The Pantheon
  28. 28. Pantheon’s Dome
  29. 29. The Pantheon Interior
  30. 30. The Pantheon Interior Painting by Giovanni Paolo Pannini (18c)
  31. 31. Roman Engineering
  32. 32. Innovative Engineering Techniques <ul><li>Roads – macadam </li></ul><ul><li>Aqueducts </li></ul><ul><li>Arch Bridge </li></ul>
  33. 33. Via Appia All roads lead to Rome!
  34. 34. Roman Aqueduct
  35. 35. Aqueduct in Segovia
  36. 36. Roman Arch Bridge in Spain
  37. 37. Hadrian’s Wall in Britain
  38. 38. Roman Sculpture
  39. 39. Characteristics of Roman Sculpture <ul><li>Collectors and copiers of Greek works [more idealistic]. </li></ul><ul><li>Categories : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Portrait sculpture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paintings & mosaics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relief sculptures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>More realism [show the wrinkles, the bulges, and ageing!] </li></ul>
  40. 40. Roman Copy of Greek Art Original created by the Greek sculptor, Polyclitus, 5c BCE
  41. 41. Republican Couple <ul><li>Realistic portraits – like Hellenistic Greek style. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Portraits of Emperors Julius Caesar Nero Hadrian Marcus Aurelius
  43. 43. Mosaics on a Roman Villa Floor
  44. 44. Roman Citizens
  45. 45. Column Of Trajan
  46. 46. Base Relief Legionnaires on Trajan’s Column
  47. 47. Roman Sarcophagus <ul><li>Marble base relief – Etruscan influence? </li></ul>
  48. 48. Roman Frescoes
  49. 49. Roman Villa
  50. 50. House in Herculaneum
  51. 51. Frescoes on aVilla’s Walls
  52. 52. Roman Crafts
  53. 53. Roman Crafts 1c BCE glass bowl Ivory Cameo Gold earrings
  54. 54. Greek and roman art and architecture are all around us
  55. 55. Jefferson Memorial
  56. 56. Lincoln Memorial
  57. 57. The US Capitol Building
  58. 58. Statue of Justice US Supreme Court Building
  59. 59. Federal Court Building in NYC
  60. 60. Metropolitan Museum of Art
  61. 61. Statue of Liberty
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