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Buddhism Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley Hs  Chappaqua, NY
Religions of South Asia
Buddhism in the Subcontinent
The essence of Buddhism <ul><li>The “middle way of wisdom and compassion.” </li></ul><ul><li>2,500 year old tradition. </l...
Siddhartha Gautama   (563-483 BCE) <ul><li>Born in NE India  (Nepal). </li></ul><ul><li>Raised in great luxury to be a kin...
What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? Desire! <ul><li>Therefore, extinguish the self, don’t obsess about oneself...
Four Noble Truths <ul><li>There is suffering in the world.  To live is to suffer.  ( Dukkha )  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The B...
Four Noble Truths <ul><li>The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments.  ( Tanha ) </li></ul>
Four Noble Truths <ul><li>The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments.  ( Nirvana = “extinction” ) </li></ul>
Four Noble Truths <ul><li>To reach  nirvana , one must follow the Eightfold Path.  </li></ul>
Eightfold Path Nirvana <ul><li>The union with the ultimate    spiritual reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Escape from the cycle o...
Buddha – 19c Thailand
Buddha’s head : 2c Pakistan
Mandala:   Wheel of Life Motif
Mandala:   Wheel of Life Motif
Buddhist Altar
Types of Buddhism <ul><li>Therevada Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Mahayana Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Tibetan Buddhism </li><...
Theravada Buddhism <ul><li>The oldest school of Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Way of the Elders” or the “Small Vehicle....
Theravada Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism <ul><li>The “Great Vehicle.” </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in northern Asia (China, Japan). </li></ul><ul><l...
Mahayana Buddhism
Seated Boddhisatva – 16c    Bhutan
boddhisatva
Tibetan Buddhism <ul><li>The “Diamond Vehicle.” [ Vajrayana ] </li></ul><ul><li>Developed in Tibet in the  7c CE. </li></u...
The  Dalai Lama
zen Buddhism <ul><li>The “Meditation School.” </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks sudden enlightenment [ satori ] through meditation, ...
Buddhism in America (1999)
Distribution of Buddhism Centers in the US, 2001
10 th  Annual western buddhist monastic conference California, 2004
Relieve Stress & Meditate: Get a  Mantra  ! Ohm...mani...padme...hung... Hail to the jewel in the lotus!
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BUDDHISM

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BUDDHISM

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Transcript of "BUDDHISM"

  1. 1. Buddhism Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley Hs Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Religions of South Asia
  3. 3. Buddhism in the Subcontinent
  4. 4. The essence of Buddhism <ul><li>The “middle way of wisdom and compassion.” </li></ul><ul><li>2,500 year old tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>The 3 jewels of Buddhism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha , the teacher. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dharma , the teachings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sangha , the community . </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) <ul><li>Born in NE India (Nepal). </li></ul><ul><li>Raised in great luxury to be a king. </li></ul><ul><li>At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of suffering. </li></ul><ul><li>Lived a strict, ascetic life for 6 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>Rejecting this extreme, sat in meditation, and found nirvana . </li></ul><ul><li>Became “The Enlightened One,” at 35. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? Desire! <ul><li>Therefore, extinguish the self, don’t obsess about oneself. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Four Noble Truths <ul><li>There is suffering in the world. To live is to suffer. ( Dukkha ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Buddha found this out when he was young and experienced suffering and death in others. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Four Noble Truths <ul><li>The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments. ( Tanha ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Four Noble Truths <ul><li>The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments. ( Nirvana = “extinction” ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Four Noble Truths <ul><li>To reach nirvana , one must follow the Eightfold Path. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Eightfold Path Nirvana <ul><li>The union with the ultimate spiritual reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Escape from the cycle of rebirth. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Buddha – 19c Thailand
  13. 13. Buddha’s head : 2c Pakistan
  14. 14. Mandala: Wheel of Life Motif
  15. 15. Mandala: Wheel of Life Motif
  16. 16. Buddhist Altar
  17. 17. Types of Buddhism <ul><li>Therevada Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Mahayana Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Tibetan Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Zen Buddhism </li></ul>
  18. 18. Theravada Buddhism <ul><li>The oldest school of Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Way of the Elders” or the “Small Vehicle.” </li></ul><ul><li>Found in southern Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>The monastic life is the best way to achieve nirvana . </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on wisdom and meditation. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal is to become a “Buddha ,” or “Enlightened One.” </li></ul><ul><li>Over 100,000,000 followers today. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Theravada Buddhism
  20. 20. Mahayana Buddhism <ul><li>The “Great Vehicle.” </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in northern Asia (China, Japan). </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism “for the masses.” </li></ul><ul><li>Seek guidance from Boddhisatvas , wise beings. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal : Not just individual escape from the wheel, but the salvation of all humanity through self-sacrifice of those enlightened few. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Mahayana Buddhism
  22. 22. Seated Boddhisatva – 16c Bhutan
  23. 23. boddhisatva
  24. 24. Tibetan Buddhism <ul><li>The “Diamond Vehicle.” [ Vajrayana ] </li></ul><ul><li>Developed in Tibet in the 7c CE. </li></ul><ul><li>A mix of Theravada and Mahayana. </li></ul><ul><li>Boddhisatvas include Lamas, like the Dalai Lama . </li></ul><ul><li>The Tibetan Book of the Dead [ Bardo Thodol ]. </li></ul>
  25. 25. The Dalai Lama
  26. 26. zen Buddhism <ul><li>The “Meditation School.” </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks sudden enlightenment [ satori ] through meditation, arriving at emptiness [ sunyata ]. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of meditation masters [ Roshi ]. </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty, art, and aesthetics: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gardens. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Archery. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tea ceremony. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calligraphy. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Buddhism in America (1999)
  28. 28. Distribution of Buddhism Centers in the US, 2001
  29. 29. 10 th Annual western buddhist monastic conference California, 2004
  30. 30. Relieve Stress & Meditate: Get a Mantra ! Ohm...mani...padme...hung... Hail to the jewel in the lotus!
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