Sec 4 eng presentation (notes from compre course)

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Sec 4 eng presentation (notes from compre course)

  1. 1. “Unravelling the Mysteries of the Written Word” Done By: Hao Ming (S4-08)Thursday, April 18, 2013
  2. 2. Contents Types of Comprehension Qns Techniques Analysing Visual TextsThursday, April 18, 2013
  3. 3. Inferential Qn Eg. What does Paragraph 3 suggests about ...? ★ Look for clues and make deductions ★ Read between the lines ★ Qns with answers not directly from passage ★ Same expression has different meaningsThursday, April 18, 2013
  4. 4. Proof of Evidence Qn Eg. “Andy is strong”. Give evidence to support your answer. ★ Deduction given, evidence needed ★ Evidence: Phrases or words Ann: I think Man’s own carelessness is a source of great danger in cave exploration. Identify any 2 examples from Paragraph 3 that Ann can give to support her view.Thursday, April 18, 2013
  5. 5. Language Use for Impact Qn Eg. What is unusual about [a word/expression] used by the author? OR What is effective about [a word/ expression used by the author]? ★ Need to look into nuances of meaning of words ★ Nuances: Associated WordsThursday, April 18, 2013
  6. 6. Literal vs Figurative Head in the clouds Barking up the wrong treeThursday, April 18, 2013
  7. 7. Literal vs Figurative Head in the clouds Barking up the wrong treeThursday, April 18, 2013
  8. 8. [Word/Expression] ★ Simile - Comparison between 2 things with “like” ★ Metaphor - Comparison, using “A is B” ★ Personification - Attribution of human characteristics to non-human things ★ Pun - 1 word with 2 different meanings OR 2 words that sound similar but have different meanings ★ Paradox - Self-contradictory statement with meaning ★ Oxymoron - Juxtaposition of 2 contradictory terms ★ Hyperbole - Exaggeration; esp. to show irritationThursday, April 18, 2013
  9. 9. Irony Qns 3 types of Irony Qns: 1. Words used by author clearly opposite of his meaning 2. Use of language with outer and inner meaning 3. Irony of a situation: What actually happens is opposite of what is expected to happenThursday, April 18, 2013
  10. 10. Ambiguity Eg. The boy hit the man with the rock ★ Sentence with 2 or more possible meaningsThursday, April 18, 2013
  11. 11. Ambiguity Eg. The boy hit the man with the rock ★ Sentence with 2 or more possible meaningsThursday, April 18, 2013
  12. 12. Vocab in Context Qn Eg. Identify word that suggests a violent action: battering ★ Need to look into nuances of meaning of words ★ Words can be positive, neutral or negativeThursday, April 18, 2013
  13. 13. Factual Qn Answers are facts that come from the given textThursday, April 18, 2013
  14. 14. Use your Own Words Factual Qn that requires answers to be in own words 1. Find the answer in the author’s words 2. Identify the keywords / key ideas to substitute 3. Find suitable substitutes for each 4. Phrase answer in a complete sentence Explain what the author means by a word/phraseThursday, April 18, 2013
  15. 15. Global Qn Tests understanding or the Narrative text as a whole 1. Flow Chart 2. Cycle 3. Pie or Bar Chart and OthersThursday, April 18, 2013
  16. 16. Visual Text Qns Type of Visual Text (eg. Brochure, Advertisements) Target Audience (eg. Teenagers, Parents) Purpose of Text (eg. educate, persuade, convince) How text’s designer hopes to achieve purpose (eg. present facts, tempt reader with sth, appeal to reader emotions) How the visuals complement the text (eg. reinforce)Thursday, April 18, 2013
  17. 17. Sources http://www.buzzle.com/articles/idiom-examples- of-idioms.html http://www.clipartof.com/portfolio/toonaday/ illustration/cartoon-man-carrying-a-heavy- problem-rock-1047577.htmlThursday, April 18, 2013

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