Power point presentationVIOLENCE AGAINST MEDIA PERSONs
VIOLENCE AGAINST MEDIA PERSON
The peacetime, targeted killing of journalists, and especially killing ofjournalists in revenge for critical coverage, is more dangerous than thenext great sin against freedom of the press – unfortunately also quitecommon – which is a systemic lack of pluralism, undue governmentalinfluence, and monopolisation of mass media.It is more dangerous for many reasons.• First, when there is brutality as punishment for the journalists’ work,then it is also a message; to the colleagues, editors, owners, and to alltheir families.• Violence becomes censorship far beyond the context of the actualcontroversy; it will impede the press in performing its most importanttask in defence of democracy, because it is journalists covering humanrights abuses and corruption scandals that are most punished withviolence.
•The effect of the violence extends to the whole society by collapsingeditors’ willpower. Editors are the ones in any democracy that practicallydefine which issues are to be reported and discussed.• Finally, violence against journalists joins even the forces thatcommercialise the media. It adds the element of physical fear to theeffects that today are pushing the media away from meaningfulinformation, towards empty entertainment.
According to the report there were 17 violations against journalists andtwo against their property.• The Al-Jazeera English crew were detained by government police inthe Gaza Strip.• Palestine Public TV’s Fouád Jaradeh was summoned for investigationby the Internal Security Service and questioned while blindfolded for 7hours.• A’lam radio presenter Samer Ruweishid was arrested by thePalestinian Intelligence Services in Hebron city; he remains in custody.• Quds TV program coordinator Nawaf Al-Amer was repeatedlysummoned for investigation by the Palestinian Preventative Service inNablus city.• Quds TV correspondent Mamdouh Hamamreh and cameraman AkramAlnatshe were arrested following a raid on The Pal Media agency’sheadquarters in Hebron.
• Quds TV correspondent Mamdouh Hamamreh and Pal Mediacameraman Abdul Ghane Natshe were followed and apprehended bythe Palestinian Preventative Service following a report on Christmascelebrations in Bethlehem.• Columnist Ala’ Rimawi was released by the Palestinian Security Serviceon the 12th of December after 42 days of detention.• Freelance journalist Sami Alási was released by the PalestinianSecurity Service on the 21st of December after 23 days of detention.• A’lam radio presenter Samer Rweishid was summoned forinterrogation about his new job by the Israeli Intelligence Service.• Alhayat Aljadedah newspaper photographer Muheeb Barghouti andPalestine Public TV cameraman Najeeb Sharawneh were prevented fromcovering the events of the weekly Nabi Saleh march near Ramallah byIsraeli forces.
• Al-Quds newspaper photographer Mahmud A’lian was beaten byIsraeli forces during his coverage of a solidarity march to Qalandiacheckpoint.• Israeli settlers damaged the tires of vehicles belonging to Reuters, PalMedia agency, and the photographer of a French agency Nasser Al-Shoukhi in Hebron.Reporters Without Borders has learned that Mohammad Mehdi EmamiNaseri, the editor of the daily Maghreb, was arrested at his office on 1October 2012 by officials from the Tehran prosecutor’s office, whoconfiscated his computer and questioned all of his colleagues.On 6th February 2012 The Tehran revolutionary court sentenced MehdiKhazali, editor of the Baran blog, to 14 years’ imprisonment, 10 years’internal exile in the south-western city of Borazjan and 70 lashes. Hewas arrested on 9 January for the third time in less than two years.
A report by the Director General of UNESCO on the safety ofjournalists and the danger of impunity presented to the council ofUNESCO’s International Programme for the Development ofcommunication (IPDC), the report provides information on the 127killings of journalists condemned by UNESCO in 2010 and 2012In 2008-2009, the UNESCO Director-General condemned the killings of125 journalists, a figure comparable to that of the previous biennium2006-2007 (122 killings condemned)3, which indicates that there hasbeen no improvement in the safety of journalists in the last few years.A yearly analysis of the killings of media professionals condemned bythe UNESCO Director-General reveals that the worldwide tally in 2009(77) surpassed the previous record of 2006 (69), when violence in Iraqwas pervasive and media fatalities there were common. The decline inthe worldwide death toll in 2007 (53) and 2008 (48) was largelyattributable to an improvement of the situation in Iraq.
The very significant rise in 2009 can be partly explained by the killing of30 journalists in the Philippines on 23 November.Statistics gathered by UNESCO to testify to the staggering number ofjournalists and media workers killed while performing their duties. Thereport notes that “in most cases, these journalists were reporting onlocal conflicts, corruption and other illegal activities and many of theseattacks were perpetrated by police and security personnel, militia aswell as non-state actors, such as organized crime groups.”A noteworthy evolution in 2008-2009 is that the percentage of killingsnot linked to conflict situations has dramatically increased comparedwith 2006-2007. While in the previous biennium, almost 72% of the 122victims were killed in a conflict or post conflict situation (Afghanistan,Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, Lebanon, PalestinianTerritories, Democratic Republic of Somalia, Sudan and DemocraticSocialist Republic of Sri Lanka).
In 2008-2009 this number fell to 37% (Afghanistan, Colombia,Democratic Republic of Congo, Georgia, Iraq, Federal DemocraticRepublic of Nepal, Palestinian Territories, Democratic Republic ofSomalia and Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka).As a collective body, journalists are most under threat in the regions ofendemic conflict, such as Kashmir, the North-Eastern states, and theMaoist-insurgency areas in the central forested plains of India.Indian television journalist Naveen Soorinje who works for theKannada-language news channel Kasturi TV documented a large-scaleattack on young women and reported the episode to police in Karnatakastate was charged with participating in the assault.Chaitali Santra, a freelance journalist who contributed to the Delhi-based weekly Julm se Jang, was killed when she opened a parcel bomb,which triggered a concealed explosive.
• On September 17, 2012 two media workers of local daily TheArunachal Times in India were attacked.• An associate editor Tongam Rina of the English-language ArunachalTimes was attacked on July 16, 2012 .• March 6, 2012 – An Indian journalist Rajesh Mishra, worked as aneditor for Media Raj, a Hindi weekly published in the city of Rewa,Madhya Pradesh state died after being beaten over the head byunknown assailants.• Four journalists were assaulted and one of them briefly detained bythe Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), while covering protests inSrinagar Kashmir.Obviously, all loss of life and violence suffered by journalists at work istragic and a setback for the profession.It is a special war – a peacetime war on journalism.
• The Report of UNESCO on The Safety Of Journalists And The Danger OfImpunity•International Middle East Media Center (IMEMC)•Reporters Without Borders•Committee to Protect Journalists•IPI: International Press Institute 2012• International Federation of Journalists .
BY : RUKAYA SYED IUST, DEPARTMENT OFJOURNALISM,