Very basic and simple form
of a projector that teachers
use in classrooms for many
Displays and enlarges
images onto a screen or
Generally used to enlarge
images from worksheet or
Made up of a box with a
• SMART Interactive whiteboards have taken
over the use of overhead projectors in many
• Streamlines the teaching experiences by
enabling teachers to engage students with
interactive lessons while simultaneously
accessing and controlling all of the classroom
• Teachers can write in digital ink with their
fingers or a pen, as well as interact with
applications and save notes.
District Technology Director
for Decision Maker
• How did the school district decide to purchase interactive
whiteboards for all of the schools?
• Exactly how many products did the district look at before
making a choice to purchase the boards?
• Did the district ever consider getting Promethean Boards?
• Who’s decision had it been to purchase a SMART board for
• Has having the SMART Interactive whiteboard shown growth
• Do you think there will be another technology that will
eventually make the interactive whiteboard obsolete?
Mrs. J. Hubbard
2009 – 2010 Teacher of the Year
for End User
• How long have you been teaching? Subject area?
• Before the purchase of the interactive whiteboards were
made, did you use overhead projectors in the classroom?
• Upon receiving the SMART board in your classroom, was
there anything specific that you had to do or participate
• What educational goals does the SMART board help you
to meet in your classroom?
• Have you seen a difference in academics with having the
interactive board as opposed to overheads?
• Would you recommend the SMART board to other
teachers? Why or why not?
• There are actual causes that aid in the
emergence of new technology. The key
principles of evolution were stated as
numerous forces that cause technology
to develop as they go through an
evolutionary process as they continue to
change (Thornburg, 2008).
• In 1945, the U. S. Army used
overhead projectors for training.
• In the late 1950s and early 1960s,
overhead projectors began to be
used in schools and businesses.
• Some think that the first
overhead projector used a
cellophane roll over a 9-inch stage
that allowed facial characteristics
to be rolled across the stage.
• Interactive whiteboard
manufactured by SMART
• The first board was introduced in
1991; now used in classrooms,
lecture halls, group meetings and
presentations around the world.
• Boards were manufactured to
only interact with 1 person. Now
they can work with 2 people at
Rhymes of History
Rhymes of History are one of the forces that drive the
emergence of technology.
Dr. Thornburg (2008) described a rhyme in history as an
affect or effort of a new development that rekindles
something from the past.
Rhymes of History
• The opaque projector is the
precursor to the overhead
projector. It operates similar
to the old-time camera.
• The opaque works by
shining a bright light down
onto an object or image. The
light reflected off the image
is focused with mirrors and
lenses to project the image
onto a screen or wall.
• Rekindles the overhead
• Takes over the computer to
become interactive and all
students can see.
• Takes over the television.
Students can watch television
on the SMART board in the
• Disruptive technologies can cause a change
or paradigm shift in business practices,
markets, and even in the lives of individual
• However, disruptive technologies don’t
always fully replace the existing technology
because it can adapt and the two
technologies can eventually evolve together.
• A disruptive technology is a technological
innovation, product, or service that
eventually overturns the existing technology
or product in the market.
• Has disrupted the use of
many technologies once
• Overhead Projector
• Television/ Remote control
• The SMART board has
paved a new way of
• Competition between technologies that
come out at the same time.
• The SMART board is in competition with
interactive boards from other companies.
• Panaboard (Panasonic), Promethean
board, Hitachi FX Duo 77 Starboard, etc.
• A creative force for
• Science fiction, on the
other hand, stretches
the imagination to
envision a world that is
from the one in which
• The actual
two technologies that
leave all other
• As of current, I don’t think
technology that will
replace the SMART
Interactive Board Future
• I don’t foresee the SMART Interactive board being in
competition anytime soon.
• However, there will be some technology that will
cause the board to become obsolete.
• SMART will also continue to come up with more
emerging technology that will get more interactive
• Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). (2008). Evolutionary
technologies, featuring Dr. David Thornburg.
• Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer). (2008). Six forces that
drive emerging technology, featuring Dr. David Thornburg.
• Laureate Education, Inc. (n.d.a). Increasing returns [Podcast]
featuring Dr. David Thornburg.
• Laureate Education, Inc. (n.d.b). Red queens [Podcast]
featuring Dr. David Thornburg
• SMART. (2010). Smart technologies. Retrieved from
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