InformationAthens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athensdominates the Attica periphery and is one of the world’soldest cities, as its recorded history spans around 3,400years. Today a cosmopolitan metropolis, modern Athensis central to economic, financial, industrial, political andcultural life in Greece .Today,the power of the wholecountry is housed in the Syntagma Square in the buildingof the Greek Parliament (Vouli).
PopulationThe Greek capital has a population of4,013,368 (in 2004).It is the 4th mostpopulous capital city of the Europe.
Development Athens is home to two UNESCO WorldHeritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medievalDaphni Monastery. Landmarks of the modern era, dating backto the establishment of Athens as the capital of theindependent Greek state in 1833, include the HellenicParliament (19th century) and the Athens Trilogy consisting ofthe National Library of Greece, the Athens University and theAcademy of Athens. Athens was the host city of the firstmodern-day Olympic Games in 1896, and 108 years later itwelcomed home the 2004 Summer Olympics. Athens is hometo the National Archeological Museum, featuring the worldslargest collection of ancient Greek antiquities, as well as thenew Acropolis Museum.
Culture BYZANTINE & OTTOMAN ATHENS The city also retains a vast variety of ANCIENT GREEK & ROMAN Byzantine monuments,such as: The Old ATHENS Metropolis (The Old Cathedral),The heritage of the classical era is Kapnikarea, Ayia Ekaterini,Metochistill evident in the city, represented Panayiou Tafou,Pantanassa,Ayioi Theodoroi and Taxiarches (The churchby a number of ancient of the Petraki Monastery),as well as amonuments and works of art, the smaller number of remaining Ottomanmost famous of all being the monuments,like Mosques,The TurkishParthenon.Other famous Bath and Muslim Seminary,wich aremonuments: The temple of projecting the citys long history.Olympian Zeus,Hadrians arch, TheAncient theatre of Dionysos, TheStoa of Eumenes and The Odeionof Herodes Atticus.The only Romanmonumet in town is The RomanAgora.
Etymology & Name historyIn Ancient Greek, the name of Athens was: Ἀθῆναι [atʰɛ̂ːnai], related tο thename of the goddess Athena. An etiological myth explaining how Athensacquired this name was well known among ancient Athenians and evenbecame the theme of the sculpture on the West pediment of the Parthenon.Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to givetheir name to it, so they competed with one another for the honor, offeringthe city one gift each. Poseidon produced a salt water spring by striking theground with his trident, symbolizing naval power. Athena created the olivetree, symbolizing peace and prosperity. The Athenians, under their rulerCecrops, accepted the olive tree and named the city after Athena.
GeographyAthens is in the central plain of Attica .It issurrounded by four large mountains :• 1.Mount Aegaleo (to the west)• 2.Mount Parnitha (to the north) – it is the tallest of all (1413 m)• 3.Mount Penteli (to the northeast)• 4.Mount Hymettus (to the east)The Saronic Gulf lies in the southwest.
Rivers Athens has 3 rivers, whose main part has been covered with concrete. These are:• Eridanos• Cephissus• IllissosEridanos in March 2008 Cephissus river view from above The only uncanalized part of the Illissos river bed