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  • 1. Implications for teaching, learning, teachers and schools
  • 2. “Child defines not just physiological immaturity but also connotes dependency, powerlessness and inferiority. Childhood, however, focuses more on the general state of being a child, does not refer to an individual child and suggests the existence of a distinct, separate and fundamentally different social group or category”(Gittins, p. 37).
  • 3. http://youtu.be/BWf-eARnf6U
  • 4. Visual Imagery and Childhood Representations Philippe Aries Linda PollockWhat drives the changing character of childhood? Alan Prout Social, cultural and economic conditions Socio-technical developments in communication
  • 5. Children vs. Childhood Many childhoods
  • 6. HISTORICAL (1900s – 1980s) Focus & study not on childrenCultural & Historical Changes in Understanding Childhood POLITICAL IDEAS Legislation Childhood HappinessNew Labour Laws = Adult Happiness Post WWII Childhood In Peril ‘Rights’ Sociology
  • 7.  Childhood - angelic purity and innocence Polarisation Adults’ only Appropriate knowledge Asocial Contexts Body image Sexualisation and commodification
  • 8.  Capital is a resource unique to an individual that they can utilize in life Types of capital Social Human Financial EmotionalColemam(1988), Putnam(1995), Morrow(1999), Reay(2002)
  • 9.  Technology Speed & ease of communication Worldwide economies Same toys available worldwide UN Convention of Rights of the Child (UNCRC)
  • 10. Innocence Legislation Diversity Globalisation HistoryStereotyping CHILDHOOD Capital
  • 11. Implications for teaching, learning, teachers and schools?
  • 12.  Gittins, D. (2008). The historical construction of childhood. In M.J. Kehily An introduction to childhood studies (pp. 35- 49).Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press. Leonard, M. (2005). Children, childhood and social capital: Exploring the links. Sociology of Tourism, 39(4), 605-22. Prout, A. (2005). Changing childhood in a globalizing world. In The future of childhood: Towards the interdisciplinary study of children (pp. 7-34). London: RoutledgeFalmer. Robinson, K. H., & Davies, C. (2008). Shes kickin ass, thats what shes doing!: Deconstructing childhood innocence in media representations. Australian Feminist Studies, 23(57), 343-58. Shanahan, S. (2007). Lost and found: The sociological ambivalence toward childhood. Annual Review of Sociology, 33,407-28.