Implications for teaching, learning, teachers and schools
“Child defines not just physiological immaturity but also connotes dependency, powerlessness and inferiority. Childhood, however, focuses more on the general state of being a child, does not refer to an individual child and suggests the existence of a distinct, separate and fundamentally different social group or category”(Gittins, p. 37).
Visual Imagery and Childhood Representations Philippe Aries Linda PollockWhat drives the changing character of childhood? Alan Prout Social, cultural and economic conditions Socio-technical developments in communication
HISTORICAL (1900s – 1980s) Focus & study not on childrenCultural & Historical Changes in Understanding Childhood POLITICAL IDEAS Legislation Childhood HappinessNew Labour Laws = Adult Happiness Post WWII Childhood In Peril ‘Rights’ Sociology
Childhood - angelic purity and innocence Polarisation Adults’ only Appropriate knowledge Asocial Contexts Body image Sexualisation and commodification
Capital is a resource unique to an individual that they can utilize in life Types of capital Social Human Financial EmotionalColemam(1988), Putnam(1995), Morrow(1999), Reay(2002)
Technology Speed & ease of communication Worldwide economies Same toys available worldwide UN Convention of Rights of the Child (UNCRC)
Innocence Legislation Diversity Globalisation HistoryStereotyping CHILDHOOD Capital
Implications for teaching, learning, teachers and schools?
Gittins, D. (2008). The historical construction of childhood. In M.J. Kehily An introduction to childhood studies (pp. 35- 49).Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press. Leonard, M. (2005). Children, childhood and social capital: Exploring the links. Sociology of Tourism, 39(4), 605-22. Prout, A. (2005). Changing childhood in a globalizing world. In The future of childhood: Towards the interdisciplinary study of children (pp. 7-34). London: RoutledgeFalmer. Robinson, K. H., & Davies, C. (2008). Shes kickin ass, thats what shes doing!: Deconstructing childhood innocence in media representations. Australian Feminist Studies, 23(57), 343-58. Shanahan, S. (2007). Lost and found: The sociological ambivalence toward childhood. Annual Review of Sociology, 33,407-28.