2. CAUSE Cystic Fibrosis is a common genetic disease The disease is caused by a recessive allele in Chromosome 7 It is most common in people who can trace their ancestors back to Northern Europe
3. WHAT IS IT? Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes digestive problems, and abnormal, thick, sticky mucus that builds up in breathing passages, lungs, and the pancreas.
4. THE GENETICS OF THE DISEASE Millions of Americans carry the defective CF gene with out showing the symptoms A person with CF must carry two of the defective genes to show symptoms Suspected 1 of 29 American Caucasians carry the CF gene Most common, deadly, inherited disorder for Caucasian Americans today
5. •Cystic Fibrosis isvery dangerous.•The mucus thatbuilds up causeslife-threateninglung infections; itmay affect sweatglands and aman’sreproductivesystemHEALTH ISSUES
6. SYMPTOMS Delayed Growth Fever No bowel Shortness of breath movement in first 48 Infertility in men hours of life Loss of Appetite Nausea Sinus Pain Coughing Repeated Recurrent inflammation of the pneumonia Pancreas
7. TREATMENT It is extremely important to diagnose Cystic Fibrosis at an early stage Treatment of the lungs includes; inhaled medicine, lung transplants, antibiotics, and oxygen therapy Treatment for bowels includes; a special diet high in protein and calories, pancreas enzymes, You also want to avoid; smoke, dust, dirt, etc… You must clear your airways of mucus at least 4 times a day Drink plenty of fluids and exercise
8. SOURCES http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhe alth/PMH0001167/ Prentice Hall Biology Text Book: Miller, Levine