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Somatic cell nuclear transfer
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Somatic cell nuclear transfer

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  • 1. Somatic-Cell Nuclear Transfer BY LEVI PING
  • 2. Definition The process of cloning with a donor somatic cell and a donor egg cellSomatic: Any Diploid Cell in the BodyNuclear: Relating to the Nucleus of a Cell
  • 3. Origin of Development First done by Scottish Scientists from the Roslin Institute by Cloning the Famous Sheep Dolly Dolly the Sheep
  • 4. The Process1. Remove nuclei from both cells2. Insert Somatic Nuclei into Egg cell3. Insert Somatic Cell into the Mother4. Wait till the Clone is born The Steps of Transfer
  • 5. Uses for Today and the Future• Cloning Animals for Research• Cloning Endangered SpeciesIn order to expand population• Cloning Extinct SpeciesTo Research their Behaviorand Other Characteristics
  • 6. Limits of Somatic Cloning• Somatic Cloning can only be done on mammals and no other species• There is still a High Percentage of the Clone Dying when the Mother is Pregnant• The Ethical Issues Behind the Cloning Experiments and the Future of Cloning• Still Really New
  • 7. Somatic Cloning on A Wooly Mammoth In 2002 Scientists found a Preserved Wooly Mammoth and the Plan is to do Somatic Cloning except Place the Embryo in an Elephant instead. However the Scientists need to replicate Lost DNA due to Age.
  • 8. Problems With Somatic Cloning About 90% of Clones Fail Many Clones are often at a higher risk of Disease and Infection than non-clones Clones are at a higher risk of Genetic Defects and Abnormalities Complete DNA is Needed and not just a Couple Strands
  • 9. Animals that Have been Cloned• Sheep• Goats• Cows• Mice• Pigs• Cats• Rabbits• Gaur