What are stem cells?• Stem cells are the “beginning” cells in every body• Used to replenish old and dying cells• Form into almost every cell used in the human body.
Uses of adult stem cell• Adult stem cell can help treat… • Cancer • Diabetes • Baldness • Brain damage • Cerebral palsy • Liver disease • Stroke • Hearing loss • Optic nerve injuries
Process• There are three main steps to an allogeneic adult stem cells process.1.) Identifying a donor Possibilities are… - a relative - an unrelated donor - miss-matched family member - unrelated umbilical cord - World wide stem cell donor list (over 11 million people)
Process2.) The Transplant • High-dose of chemotherapy to kill all remaining cancer cells. • Donated cells are infused into patients blood stream where they will later mature
Process3.) After the Transplant - Patients body is very weak and lacks a good immune system. - Patients gets sick very easily and might need a blood transfusion. - Possibility of GVHD (graft-versus-host-disease) -GVHD = where the donors stem cells are recognized as foreign and are rejected by the patient. - Takes 1-2months for patient to fully recover.
Bibliography"Allogeneic Process." Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant. Web. 23 May 2012. <http://www.cancercenter.com/stem-cell/stem-cell-allogeneic.cfm>.“History of Stem Cell Research." History of Stem Cell Research. Web. 23 May 2012. http://www.allaboutpopularissues.org/history-of-stem-cell- research-faq.htm Reference: Dr. Broun, director of Bone Marrow Transplant Jewish Hospital, via Nancy Demoret