Human and Natural Science<br />Maho Tachibana<br />Eric Sadowski<br />
Review – Natural Science<br />Definition<br /> - understanding nature of science through evidence, meaningful experiments, weighing of possibilities, testing hypothesis, and establishing theories, to get to conclusion<br />
so… What is Human Science?<br />Definition<br /> - the study and interpretation of<br /> the experiences, activities, constructs, and artifacts associated with human beings<br />- attempts to expand and enlighten<br /> the human being's knowledge of his or her existence<br />
Four key aspects applied to the study of Human Science<br />Observation<br />Measurement<br />Experiments<br />Laws<br />…What is the problem?<br />
Observation<br />We cannot directly observe other people’s mind<br />Questionnaires may be misleading or biased<br />(= loaded questions)<br />Observing people may affect the way<br /> they behave (= observer effect)<br />
Measurement<br />Social phenomena are difficult to measure<br />e.x.) “How many thoughts have you had today?”<br /> Impossible to answer this because<br /> there is no way to measure thoughts.’<br />
Experiments<br />Human sciences study complex social situations in which it is difficult to run controlled experiments<br />Various moral considerations limit our willingness to experiment<br />
Laws<br />Human sciences are not very good at<br /> predicting things<br />Human sciences usually uncover trends rather than laws<br />Science laws are probabilistic in nature<br />
Conclusion<br />They are neither as flawed as their critics believe nor as successful as their defenders hope.<br />Human sciences seem to lack the explanatory power of the natural science<br />Since we typically explain human behavior in terms of its meaning and purpose, we may never be able to reduce the human sciences to<br /> natural science.<br />
Work Cited<br />“Natural science and Pseudo science” – ppt from Nanase/ Manaka<br />“Theory of Knowledge” – van de Lagemaat<br />Filippo, David San. "What Is Human Science?" Lutz-San Filippo - Home. 20 Feb. 1991. Web. 11 Nov. 2010.<br />Bekoff, Marc, and Gay Bradshaw. "Integrating Natural and Human Sciences." Animal Liberty. Web. 11 Nov. 2010.<br />
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