Colon cancer


Published on

All about colon cancer

Published in: Health & Medicine
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Colon cancer

  1. 1. Colon Cancer By: Kasie Omile
  2. 2. The Human Colon The human colon is a muscular, tube-shaped organ measuring about 4 feet long. It extends from the end of your small bowel to your anus, twisting and turning through your abdomen (belly).
  3. 3. Functions of the ColonThe colon has 3 main functions. To digest and absorb nutrients from food To concentrate fecal material by absorbing fluid (and electrolytes) from it To store and control evacuation of fecal material
  4. 4. What is colon cancer? Cancer of the colon or rectum is called colon or colorectal cancer. It develops in the digestive tract from polyps that initially are benign, but that over time mutate into a cancerous tumor. The cancer cells invade and destroy nearby tissue, and can break away to form new tumors in other parts of the body, a process called metastasis.
  5. 5. Symptoms A change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain A feeling that your bowel doesnt empty completely Weakness or fatigue
  6. 6. Treatments/Potential Cures The primary treatment of colon cancer is to surgically remove part or all of your colon. Suggestive polyps, if few in number, may be removed during colonoscopy. Chemotherapy after surgery can prolong survival for people whose cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. Radiation treatment after surgery does not help people with colon cancer, but it does prolong survival for people with rectal cancer. Given before surgery, radiation may reduce tumor size. This can improve the chances that the tumor will be removed successfully. Radiation before surgery also appears to reduce the risk of the cancer coming back after treatment.
  7. 7. You have a high risk of colon cancerif: You have a higher risk for colon cancer if you: Are older than 60 Are African American of eastern European descent Eat a diet high in red or processed meats Have cancer elsewhere in the body Have colorectal polyps Have inflammatory bowel disease (Crohns disease or ulcerative colitis) Have a family history of colon cancer Have a personal history of breast cancer
  8. 8. Genetic syndromes that increase therisk of colon cancerTwo of the most common are: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), also known as Lynch syndrome
  9. 9. Preventative Measures All men and women over fifty should get a colon cancer screening because colon cancer can almost always be caught by colonoscopy in its earliest and most curable stages. Changing your diet and lifestyle is important. Some evidence suggests that low-fat and high-fiber diets may reduce your risk of colon cancer.
  10. 10. Sources l cancer/ds00035/dsection=symptoms icle_em.htm olon-cancer/overview.html