Science (human science&natural science)

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  • Problem of human science : - observe people’s behavior - cannot observe minds directly Educated guess about thinking -never completely sure it is right. Want others to have good image of them -change behavior a little Psychology evidence : - people overestimate own strengths -underestimate own weakness.
  • People are reasonably honest: can learn a lot from questionnaires, opinion polls and interview to know people’s thinking. - usually say will do one thing but do another -question can point to answer (loaded question) -people change behavior when watched -embarrassed (observer effect) - putting label can change behavior (expectation)
  • Difficult to measure anything precisely in human science T ry to count your thoughts, process of counting interferes what trying to count. American psychologist William James : thinking not single thoughts but a continuous stream of consciousness .
  • Some twentieth-century psychologists: -unscientific--neither objectively observed nor precisely measured. Experiments not accurate: -impossible to run controlled experiments -experiments may change behavior of participants -ethical reasons: experiments negative effect on participants
  • Science (human science&natural science)

    1. 1. Compare and Contrast Human Science to Natural Science <ul><li>Senior Seminar: P7 </li></ul><ul><li>Yuki & Pim </li></ul>
    2. 2. Observation <ul><li>Problem of human science : </li></ul><ul><li>Educated guess about thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Want others to have good image of them </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology evidence : </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>People are reasonably honest: </li></ul><ul><li>- can learn a lot from questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>-opinion polls </li></ul><ul><li>-interview to know people’s thinking </li></ul>
    4. 4. Measurement <ul><li>Difficult to measure anything precisely </li></ul><ul><li>T ry to count your thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Process of counting interferes what trying to count. </li></ul><ul><li>American psychologist William James : </li></ul><ul><li>-thinking not single thoughts but a continuous stream of consciousness . </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Some twentieth-century psychologists: </li></ul><ul><li>-unscientific—neither objectively observed nor precisely </li></ul><ul><li>Experiments not accurate: </li></ul><ul><li>-impossible to run controlled experiments </li></ul><ul><li>-experiments may change behavior of participants </li></ul><ul><li>-ethical reasons: experiments negative effect on participants </li></ul>

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