Science (human science&natural science)
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Science (human science&natural science)

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  • Problem of human science : - observe people’s behavior - cannot observe minds directly Educated guess about thinking -never completely sure it is right. Want others to have good image of them -change behavior a little Psychology evidence : - people overestimate own strengths -underestimate own weakness.
  • People are reasonably honest: can learn a lot from questionnaires, opinion polls and interview to know people’s thinking. - usually say will do one thing but do another -question can point to answer (loaded question) -people change behavior when watched -embarrassed (observer effect) - putting label can change behavior (expectation)
  • Difficult to measure anything precisely in human science T ry to count your thoughts, process of counting interferes what trying to count. American psychologist William James : thinking not single thoughts but a continuous stream of consciousness .
  • Some twentieth-century psychologists: -unscientific--neither objectively observed nor precisely measured. Experiments not accurate: -impossible to run controlled experiments -experiments may change behavior of participants -ethical reasons: experiments negative effect on participants

Science (human science&natural science) Science (human science&natural science) Presentation Transcript

  • Compare and Contrast Human Science to Natural Science
    • Senior Seminar: P7
    • Yuki & Pim
  • Observation
    • Problem of human science :
    • Educated guess about thinking
    • Want others to have good image of them
    • Psychology evidence :
    • People are reasonably honest:
    • - can learn a lot from questionnaires
    • -opinion polls
    • -interview to know people’s thinking
  • Measurement
    • Difficult to measure anything precisely
    • T ry to count your thoughts
    • Process of counting interferes what trying to count.
    • American psychologist William James :
    • -thinking not single thoughts but a continuous stream of consciousness .
    • Some twentieth-century psychologists:
    • -unscientific—neither objectively observed nor precisely
    • Experiments not accurate:
    • -impossible to run controlled experiments
    • -experiments may change behavior of participants
    • -ethical reasons: experiments negative effect on participants