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Research proposal

Research proposal



Research Proposal by .Tayyaba Shafqat

Research Proposal by .Tayyaba Shafqat



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    Research proposal Research proposal Presentation Transcript

    • How to write a Research Proposal Group # 7 Tayyaba Yasmin Presented by:
    • How to write a Research Proposal
    • Research Proposal Why all this fuss about a detailed proposal for my study before I even begin?. Things are going to change once I get into the study! That is true. Changes are inevitable. But a little thought now will save you a lot of grief later on!
      • Title page & table of contents
      • Introduction
      • Statement of the problem
      • Scope of the study
      • Objectives of the study
      • Hypothesis or research questions
      • Literature Review
      • Procedure of the study
      • Limitation and delimitation of the study
      • Bibliography
      Steps in Developing Research Proposal
    • Introduction 4. Research Questions or Hypothesis 2. Scope of the Study 3. Objectives of the study 5. Definitions 1. Problems to be investigated Agenda of Presentation
      • A plan of action
        • A prerequisite for Research investigation
      What is a Proposal?
        • It communicates researcher’s intentions, makes clear the purpose of intended study, its justification & provides a step by step plan for conducting the study.
      What is a Proposal?
      • A written Plan of a Study
      • ---The Research Proposal identifies problems, states questions or hypotheses, identifies variables and define terms.
      • ---The subjects to be included in the sample, the instrument to be used, the research design chosen, the procedures to be followed, how the data will be analyzed----all are spelled out in some detail.
      What is a Proposal?
      • Introduction should provide the background of the research study.
      • Introduction may include a few subsections.
      • Introduction should be clear.
      Introduction of the Research Proposal
      • Research proposal should include four basic components in its introduction.
      • (A) Meaningful presentation of the study. (B) Background of the study. (C) Statement of the main issue of the study. (D) Importance of the study.
      Introduction of the Research Proposal
      • The purpose states succinctly what the researcher proposes to investigate.
      • The purpose should be a concise statement, providing a framework to which details are added later.
      Purpose of the Study
    • Justification for the Study
      • Key questions to ask yourself at This point:
      • Have I identified the specific research problem I wish to investigate?
      • Have I indicated what I intend to do about this problem?
      • Have I put forth an argument as to why this problem is worthy of investigation?
      • Have I made my assumption explicit?
    • Problem to be Investigated
    • Significance Of the study Research questions or Hypothesis Statement of The problem Definition of Terms Problem to be Investigated
      • “ A problem might be defined as the issue that exists in the literature, theory, or practice that leads to a need for the study” (Creswell, 1994, p. 50).
      • Effective problem statements answer the question “Why does this research need to be conducted.”
      Statement of the Problem
      • Normally a research topic should satisfy the following criteria:
      • (i) state the key variables included in the study,
      • (ii) state relationship between variables,
      • (iii) state population to which results would be applicable,
      • (iv) avoid redundant words, and
      • (v) use only acceptable scientific terms.
      Statement of the Problem
    • Scope of the Study
      • Significance of the study contains three paragraphs based on three questions:
      • Why the study is important?
      • How the study is important?
      • For whom the study is important?
    • Scope of the Study
      • Significance of the study contains three paragraphs based on three questions:
      • Why the study is important?
      • How the study is important?
      • For whom the study is important?
    • Objectives of the Study
      • Objectives should be clearly stated and specific in nature.
      • Each sub objective should delineate only one issue.
      • Action oriented words such as, “to determine”, “to find out”, “to ascertain” in formulating sub objectives, which should be numerically stated.
      • Objectives should be attainable, measurable, achievable and testable.
    • Research Questions or Hypotheses
      • Questions are relevant to normative or census type of research.
      • Questions are most often used in qualitative inquiry.
      • Hypotheses are relevant to theoretical research and are typically used in quantitative inquiry.
      • All key terms should be defined.
      • In a hypothesis testing study, these are primarily the terms that describe the variables of the study.
      • The researcher’s task is to make his/her definitions as clear as possible.
      • How To Design And Evaluate Research IN Education,2006,The McGraw Hill Companies. New York.
      • Research Methodology, Sage publications
      • Educational Research, Allama Iqbal open University
      • WWW.des.emory.ed/.mpf/proposal.html