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Research proposal

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Research Proposal by .Tayyaba Shafqat

Research Proposal by .Tayyaba Shafqat

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  • 1. How to write a Research Proposal Group # 7 Tayyaba Yasmin Presented by:
  • 2. How to write a Research Proposal
  • 3. Research Proposal Why all this fuss about a detailed proposal for my study before I even begin?. Things are going to change once I get into the study! That is true. Changes are inevitable. But a little thought now will save you a lot of grief later on!
  • 4.
    • Title page & table of contents
    • Introduction
    • Statement of the problem
    • Scope of the study
    • Objectives of the study
    • Hypothesis or research questions
    • Literature Review
    • Procedure of the study
    • Limitation and delimitation of the study
    • Bibliography
    Steps in Developing Research Proposal
  • 5. Introduction 4. Research Questions or Hypothesis 2. Scope of the Study 3. Objectives of the study 5. Definitions 1. Problems to be investigated Agenda of Presentation
  • 6.
    • A plan of action
      • A prerequisite for Research investigation
    What is a Proposal?
  • 7.
      • It communicates researcher’s intentions, makes clear the purpose of intended study, its justification & provides a step by step plan for conducting the study.
    What is a Proposal?
  • 8.
    • A written Plan of a Study
    • ---The Research Proposal identifies problems, states questions or hypotheses, identifies variables and define terms.
    • ---The subjects to be included in the sample, the instrument to be used, the research design chosen, the procedures to be followed, how the data will be analyzed----all are spelled out in some detail.
    What is a Proposal?
  • 9.
    • Introduction should provide the background of the research study.
    • Introduction may include a few subsections.
    • Introduction should be clear.
    Introduction of the Research Proposal
  • 10.
    • Research proposal should include four basic components in its introduction.
    • (A) Meaningful presentation of the study. (B) Background of the study. (C) Statement of the main issue of the study. (D) Importance of the study.
    Introduction of the Research Proposal
  • 11.
    • The purpose states succinctly what the researcher proposes to investigate.
    • The purpose should be a concise statement, providing a framework to which details are added later.
    Purpose of the Study
  • 12. Justification for the Study
    • Key questions to ask yourself at This point:
    • Have I identified the specific research problem I wish to investigate?
    • Have I indicated what I intend to do about this problem?
    • Have I put forth an argument as to why this problem is worthy of investigation?
    • Have I made my assumption explicit?
  • 13. Problem to be Investigated
  • 14. Significance Of the study Research questions or Hypothesis Statement of The problem Definition of Terms Problem to be Investigated
  • 15.
    • “ A problem might be defined as the issue that exists in the literature, theory, or practice that leads to a need for the study” (Creswell, 1994, p. 50).
    • Effective problem statements answer the question “Why does this research need to be conducted.”
    Statement of the Problem
  • 16.
    • Normally a research topic should satisfy the following criteria:
    • (i) state the key variables included in the study,
    • (ii) state relationship between variables,
    • (iii) state population to which results would be applicable,
    • (iv) avoid redundant words, and
    • (v) use only acceptable scientific terms.
    Statement of the Problem
  • 17. Scope of the Study
    • Significance of the study contains three paragraphs based on three questions:
    • Why the study is important?
    • How the study is important?
    • For whom the study is important?
  • 18. Scope of the Study
    • Significance of the study contains three paragraphs based on three questions:
    • Why the study is important?
    • How the study is important?
    • For whom the study is important?
  • 19. Objectives of the Study
    • Objectives should be clearly stated and specific in nature.
    • Each sub objective should delineate only one issue.
    • Action oriented words such as, “to determine”, “to find out”, “to ascertain” in formulating sub objectives, which should be numerically stated.
    • Objectives should be attainable, measurable, achievable and testable.
  • 20. Research Questions or Hypotheses
    • Questions are relevant to normative or census type of research.
    • Questions are most often used in qualitative inquiry.
    • Hypotheses are relevant to theoretical research and are typically used in quantitative inquiry.
  • 21.
    • All key terms should be defined.
    • In a hypothesis testing study, these are primarily the terms that describe the variables of the study.
    • The researcher’s task is to make his/her definitions as clear as possible.
    Definitions
  • 22.
    • How To Design And Evaluate Research IN Education,2006,The McGraw Hill Companies. New York.
    • Research Methodology, Sage publications
    • Educational Research, Allama Iqbal open University
    • WWW.des.emory.ed/.mpf/proposal.html
    References