Timeline Civil War

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Timeline Civil War

  1. 1. The Japan-China War and The Civil War : 1937 - 49<br />Howard Liu and Isabel Chun<br />
  2. 2. 1937 Japan Conquests<br />November - After lots of heavy aerial bombing, Japan captured Shanghai.<br />December – Capture of Nanking. <br />
  3. 3. 1938 – Further conquests<br />Japan captured Wuhan, Guangzhou and Hainan<br />The Japan did not make any more advances into China because they just did not have the manpower to occupy the whole of China. <br />
  4. 4. 1940 – Hunderd Regiments Battle<br />Communists attacked Japan railway communications through north China. <br />1941 – Japanese Three All Campaign – kill all, burn all, destroy all. Aim to turn people against the Communists.<br />Did not work, Peasants actually were persuaded to support the Communists<br />1945 – The Japanese withdrew from the south. Communists controlled 18 ‘liberation areas’, most of them in the country side.<br />
  5. 5. 1941 – American involvement<br />The USA declared war on Japan after the Pearl Harbour attack.<br />Bombed Japan’s sea trade to cut off imports.<br />
  6. 6. 1945 – End of Japan-China War<br />6 August – USA used atomic bomb on Hiroshima<br />8 August – Russian Red Army declared war on Japan and invaded Manchuria<br />9 August-USA drops bomb on Nagasaki<br />Japan surrenders. <br />
  7. 7. 1945 – Race <br />Communists and Guomindang raced for the areas Japan occupied<br />Guomindang were inland while Guomindang already controlled 18 liberation areas<br />Communists were closest to those areas<br />
  8. 8. 1945 – American Involvement<br />USA did not want Communists to control China<br />USA shared their Air Force and flew the Guomindang to Nanjing, Shanghai and Beijing. They then seized other major ports.<br />December 1945 – General George C. Marshall, tried to bring the Communists and Guomindang together.<br />The truce broke down in 1946. <br />
  9. 9. 1946 – 9 : Civil war<br />Most people thought Guomindang would win. They had the support of the USA, money, and weapons.<br />Commmunists were weak, they held areas in the countryside. They had no air force, few railways, no navy and a small army.<br />From June 1946 – March 1947, The Guomindang troops won many battles against the communists and even took Yanan, their capitol.<br />Red Army renamed People’s Liberation Army, fought back. Lead by Lin Biao. They avoided major battles and made guerilla attacks. They soon controlled central and northern China.<br />Many peasants joined the Communists<br />
  10. 10. 1946 – 9: Civil War Problems<br />Guomindang-held cities:<br />Inflation – workers went on strike, people started robbing<br />Riots broke out, public order collapsed<br />Guomindang supports switched to Communist Party<br />1947 – USA cut off aid to Chiang Kaishek.<br />
  11. 11. 1948 : Communist Victory<br />People’s Liberation Army was very large and began to fight major battles with the Guominang<br />In the Battle of Huai-Hai, the Guomindang lost more than half a million men. <br />Communists captured Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou<br />Created the People’s Republic of China<br />Chiang Kaishek retreated to Taiwan with his 200,000 Guomindang troops and China’s gold reserves. <br />

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