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Cuban Diaspora


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  • 1. Cuban Diaspora By: Paul Ilori 9E
  • 2. Map of Caribbean
    • Many Cubans attempt to sail on homemade watercraft to Florida from north of island, or other islands in t Some go to south or east and sail to Cayman Islands, Jamaica, or Hispaniola
  • 3. What is it
    • Since 1959, Cubans fed up or upset with government restrictions or general living conditions have been fleeing island by any means available – gaining exit papers and not returning, making homemade rafts and sailing away on ocean
    • At times, Cuban government has instituted penalties of up to 10 years in jail as deterrent for people thinking of ‘Sailing to Miami’
    • At one point in 1994, up to 500 Cubans a day were landing on Miami Beach after sailing from Cuba on home made catamarans, cars with floating devices tied to them, inner tubes tied together, etc.
  • 4. Push Factors to Leave Cuba
    • Unavailability of basic needs – Medicine, other health care tools to preserve life that are normally available
    • Communist government oppressing opposing points of view – people wanting freedom of speech
    • Ability to make more money due to communist system of everything belonging to everybody, equality for non-government people
    • Just proving you can do it successfully
    • Desperation for something new – some so desperate to leave that they sail to Mexico and will attempt to cross border into U.S.
  • 5. Pull factors to America
    • Liberal policy toward Cuban immigrants without papers – Cubans who arrive are immediately treated as political refugees, given special rights
    • Large Cuban community in many cities including family members who have already left – New York, Miami
    • More freedom of speech, opportunity for jobs – basic rights of people living in U.S.
  • 6. Impacts Governments
    • Cuba has tried to influence others to return illegal immigrants to Cuba – as they’re Cuban citizens who left the nation illegally
    • Cuba itself has been pressured to secure its own borders better to prevent Cubans from reaching other countries in the first place to prevent people from reaching other nations
    • Governments have made policies to control and deal with illegally entering Cubans
    • Other governments convincing Cuba to be less extreme on punishment on Cubans who are returned to Cuba
  • 7. Social Effects
    • Less young people in Cuba to work – as younger people are more likely to be frustrated and attempt to leave than older people who have families to take care of
    • Less people overall – especially motivated, innovated types – as they would be most likely to come up with innovative ways to leave island
    • Communities elsewhere have to deal with influx of foreigners – racism issues come up
    • Immigrants often have to learn new language, skills, how to interact in new community to assimilate quickly
  • 8. Environmental Effects
    • If rafts break apart in ocean, lead to a lot of pollution – which is likely due to things used to make rafts not normally being intended for that purpose
    • Rafts made of anything from Styrofoam, to cars, to inner tubes – more or less anything that can be made to float
    • Less junk sitting around on island of Cuba – as what would normally be considered ‘junk’ being used in rafts
  • 9. Recommendations
    • U.S. treating illegally entering Cubans like everyone else who enters in that manner instead of instant special treatment upon landing which is current norm
    • Cuba becoming more lenient on freedom of speech and travel outside of country – which may lead to Cubans realizing that life outside of Cuba no what expected or that much better, and returning home
    • U.S. and Cuba reopening trade between each other – leading to medicine and other goods being more accessible to average Cuban
    • Cuba transitioning into a more democratic system of government – allowing people to have more of a say in what happens in their government, and disallow several nations, including U.S. reason for not trading with Cuba
  • 10. Bibliography
    • &quot;Untitled Document.&quot; The Cuban Rafter Phenomenon: A Unique Sea Exodus . Web. 25 Jan. 2010. <>.
    • &quot;Reason leave Cuba.&quot; Florida International University: Miami's Public Research University . Web. 25 Jan. 2010. <>.
    • &quot;Image:Map of the Caribbean.png - Wikitravel Shared.&quot; Free Worldwide Travel Guides - Wikitravel . Web. 25 Jan. 2010. <>.
    •   &quot;CUBANS-Cuban Immigration to the United States.&quot; Center for Applied Linguistics . Web. 29 Jan. 2010. <>.