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Rosa Parks
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  • Born February 4, 1913, Alabama.Pine level rural school, Montgomery industrial school for girls, Alabama state teachers college high school. Raymond Parks, December 18th 1932.NAACP- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. – both worked.Died October 24th 2005.Rosa Louise McCauley was born on February 4th 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. She attended the Pine Level rural school, Montgomery Industrial School for Girls and Alabama State Teacher’s College High School. She married Raymond Parks on December 18th 1932. Both Raymond and Rosa worked in the NAACP’s Programs (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People). Rosa past away on October 24th 2005.
  • Civil war1865, segregation law in forced about black American's moving out of seats for white passengers.Early 1950’s naacp tried to change/remove laws. 1955, Rosa defending 15 year old student- Claudette Colvin, refused to give up her seat to white man. Claudette arrested.At the end of the Civil War 1865, a segregation law was in forced that black Americans must vacate their seats if there are white passengers left standing. In the early 1950’s, the NAACP had tried to change and remove laws against black Americans. For example, in March 1955, Rosa Parks was involved in the defending of a 15 year old student, Claudette Colvin, who refused to give up her seat to a white man.
  • December 1st 1955. Travelling on Montgomery, Alabama bus.White man boarded.Refused to give up seat.Bus driver threatened to call police. She still didn’t move.Arrested/charged for breaking law.Appear in court 5th December 1955.Rosa Parks is well known for her act on December 1st , 1955. She was travelling on a Montgomery, Alabama bus, when a white man boarded . Mrs Parks refused to give up her seat to this man. The bus driver threatened to call the police, but she didn’t care. She was then arrested and charged for breaking the law, and was due to appear in court on the 5th December, 1955.
  • Bus driver was Joseph Blake.1943 kicked Rosa off the bus.Refused to get on via the back door.Back door reserved for Black passengers. Travelled around fast to bus drivers.Refusing to let her on.This wasn’t the first time the bus driver, Joseph Blake, had trouble with Rosa Parks. In 1943, he kicked Rosa off the bus for refusing to get on by the back door. The back door on a bus was reserved for black passengers. What Rosa did travelled around fast because she became well known to other bus drivers, who often refused to let her on.
  • Five days after Rosa’s arrest.Thousands of Black citizens.Boycotted buses in Alabama. Marking the day she’d appear in court.Martin Luther King. Crowd of several thousand.Holt Street Baptist Church.Ordered boycott to continue. 381 Days.Nearly all 40,000 citizens of Montgomery.Five days after Rosa’s courageous act, thousands of black citizens boycotted the buses in Alabama. This was to mark the day she would appear in court. Later that evening, Martin Luther King took a crowd of several thousand at Holt Street Baptist Church and ordered for the boycott to continue. The bus boycott lasted for 381 days, including nearly all of Montgomery’s 40,000 black citizens.
  • A quote from Rosa about riots.“At the time I was arrested, I have no idea it would turn into this. It was just like any other day. The only thing that made it significant was the masses of people that joined in.”
  • Taken into custody.Arrested by officers Day and Mixon.Booked, fingerprinted and jailed. Charged with refusing to obey orders of bus driver. On police report.Called home.Talked to mother.“Did they beat you?”At great physical risk.Broke racial laws.Rosa Parks was taken into custody after being arrested by Officers Day and Mixon. She was then booked, fingerprinted and briefly jailed. She was charged with “refusing to obey orders of bus driver,” as said on the police report. When she was allowed to call home, she talked to her mother. Her first question was “Did they beat you,” as Rosa was at great physical risk whilst being held by the police because she broke the racial laws.
  • The fingerprint card of Rosa Parks.Taken when in custody.
  • Page one of the first official Police Report from December 1st, 1955. We received a call upon arrival the bus operator said he had a coloured female sitting in the white section of the bus, and would not move back. We (Day & Mixon) also saw her.The bus operator signed a warrant for her. Rosa Parks, (cf) 634 Cleveland Court. Rosa Parks (cf) was charged with chapter 6 section 11 of the Montgomery City Code.Both documents found on the National Archives site.

Transcript

  • 1. Rosa Parks
    Meghan Clifford
  • 2. Rosa’s History
    Last name was originally McCauley
    Born February 4th 1913
    Attended Pine Level Rural School, Montgomery Industrial School for Girls and Alabama State Teacher’s College High School
    Married Raymond Parks
    Worked for the NAACP
    Died October 24th 2005.
  • 3. What Was The Law?
    Law in forced about black Americans vacating their seats for white passengers
    The NAACP tried to remove these laws. For example:
    Rosa was involved in the defending of a student, who refused to give up her seat.
  • 4. Who is She?
    Refused to give up her seat to a white man
    Arrested and charged for breaking the law
    Appeared in court on the 5th December 1955.
  • 5. The Bus Driver
    Bus driver was Joseph Blake
    1943 Rosa was kicked off a bus
    The back door on a bus is reserved for black passengers.
  • 6. The Riots
    Thousands of Black citizens boycotted buses in Alabama
    Martin Luther King ordered for the boycott to continue
    Went for 381 days
    Nearly all of 40,000 citizens of Montgomery.
  • 7. “At the time I was arrested, I had no idea it would turn into this. It was just like any other day.The only thing that made it significant was the masses of people that joined in.”
    – Rosa Parks.
  • 8. Custody
    She was booked, fingerprinted and jailed
    Broke racial laws
    Arrested by officers Day and Mixon
    Her mother asked her “Did they beat you?” when she called home.
  • 9. Fingerprint Card of Rosa Parks
    Civil Case 1147Browder, et al v. Gayle, et. al;U.S. District Court for Middle District of Alabama, Northern (Montgomery) DivisionRecord Group 21: Records of the District Court of the United StatesNational Archives and Records Administration-Southeast Region, East Point, GA.
    http://www.archives.gov/global-pages/larger-image.html?i=/education/lessons/rosa-parks/images/fingerprints-l.jpg&c=/education/lessons/rosa-parks/images/fingerprints.caption.html
  • 10. Police Report, December 1, 1955
    Page 1
    Civil Case 1147Browder, et al v. Gayle, et. al;U.S. District Court for Middle District of Alabama, Northern (Montgomery) DivisionRecord Group 21: Records of the District Court of the United StatesNational Archives and Records Administration-Southeast Region, East Point, GA.
    ARC Identifier 596074
    http://www.archives.gov/global-pages/larger-image.html?i=/education/lessons/rosa-parks/images/police-report-l.jpg&c=/education/lessons/rosa-parks/images/police-report.caption.html
  • 11. Bibliography
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/1/newsid_4398000/4398912.stm
    http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/rosa-parks/
    http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/par0bio-1
    http://www.rosaparks.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=118&Itemid=60
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7da7I6BxrU
  • 12. THE END