Cassidy's Ancient Greece AssignmentPresentation Transcript
Ancient Greece By Cassidy Bowley 1
Ancient Greece – Title page Contents page Athens - A day in the life Athens - A day in the life Athens Government Sparta - A day in the life Sparta Government Alexander the Great Personal information Alexander the Great Alexander empire The Olympic Games The Olympic games Bibliography Contents 2
In Athens there were different roles played by the men and woman which made a big impact on many aspect of their daily life. The Woman would spent their life in the house. She was expected to produce children especially sons. The slaves and the other daughters helped run the house and the household. The only time girls would get outside is when they are collection water from public fountains. They used an amphora to collect their water. Athens - A day in the life Amphora. The woman used this to collect their water. 3
The men were the important people in Athens because they would decided everything just like when their daughters would get married and if their new babies would live or die. Men would spent most of their time away from the house working out in the gymnasium, running a workshop or attend dinner parties. After a meal men relaxed by telling jokes, riddles and sometimes playing some musical instruments. Only the boys went to school, they started school at the age of 7 and their teachers read to them from scrolls and they learn how to write on scrolls. Athens - A day in the life A scroll that they used to write on. Men out at war.
In 621 BC Draco was serving in the government in Athens. He ordered his slaves to write down the laws so that everybody would know what the laws were and he just made laws to suit himself. The law had different punishments for poor people and rich people. They said poor people would be killed for small crimes just like stealing a cabbage. Majority of the people in Athens weren’t happy about the law they were angry!! They thought the laws were unfair. Athens Government 4
In Sparta life was hard. Sparta become a very powerfully city-state because they were the only city-state with a permanent army. People were raised to become soldiers. Week or sick babies were put out to die, and boys of the age of 7 were left home to start their military training in barracks. Men lived in military camp until they were 30 years old, until they could become a citizen and get married. Women couldn’t become citizen, vote or hold public office. But they could own land and represent themselves in court. The women wore plain clothing, cut their hair short and didn’t wear perfume, make-up or jewellery. Sparta - A day in the life The men in military training Women wearing white clothes 5
Sparta had 2 kings that came from 2 different families, who inherited their position. About the end of 77 century BC the government had become an oligarchy*. Sparta also had a council that created laws. The council was made up of the two kings and twenty-eight elders. The elders had to be 60 years old or older to qualify for the position to be on the council. Non-citizens outnumbered citizens, but they were kept in check by the strong military that the Spartan government had created.Ephors were 5 citizens over the age of 30. They were elected to serve one-year terms. An ephor could bring charges against anyone in Sparta, Including the 2 city-state kings. *Oligarchy means a small group of people. Sparta’s Government 6
Alexander The Great was born in 356BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. He spent his childhood watching his father transforming Macedonia into a great military power, winning victory after victory thought battles. His mum is Olympias and his dad is King Philip the 2nd. He had 3 wives named Roxane, Statiera and Parysatis. He also had 3 children. Alexander died at the age of 33 BC in Babylon from a fever after a long session of drinking and eating. Alexander the Great - Personal Information 7 Alexander The Great Olympias King Philip the 2nd
Alexander the great was the king of Macedonia. Alexander declared war on Persia in 334 B.C. and defeating a Persian army near the city of Troy. Then came his travels towards the Eastern Mediterranean. First he captured Gaza, then traveled into Egypt. This gave him control over the entire eastern Mediterranean coastline. After all his work in the eastern Mediterranean he then moved his forces to Babylon. Alexander had gained control of lands along and beyond the southern shores of the Caspian sea, into much of Central Asia. Alexanderthe great - Alexander’s Empire All the land Alexander the Great conquered during his life. 8
The first Olympic game was in 776 BC at Olympia ( Between Athens & Sparta) in the city-state of Elis. The games were held every 4 years for 776 BC until AD 93. The Olympic Games began as a religious festival to the honour Zeus.(The Greek god of heaven and Earth) The games would start and end with a ceremonies and celebrations. Only men were allowed to watch the Olympic events. In the fourth century AD, the Olympic Games had lost all initial religious meaning. The Olympic Games Elis in Olympia 9
The Olympic Games 10 The most popular event was chariot racing which was held in the hippodrome, There sometimes get 40 chariots racing in the same course. Events that were held in the stadium were long jump, javelin, a 200 meter sprint, boxing and many more. Most of the events of the early Greek were held in the stadium. In every event when all the men were competing they would have to be naked. In long jump they would hold two weight called halteres. A jumper held the weights in front of their body and as they leapt up they would put of the weights and leave them behind. Opening festival 200 M Sprint Chariot Racing
Mark Easton, Ross Smith, Stephen Chapman, Maggy Saldais, Peter uan Noorden 2003, SOSE Alive 1, Jacarada, Queensland.
History of Macedonia 2001-2007, 13/09/2011. http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/AncientMacedonia/AlexandertheGreat.html
Alexander The Great 2003, 13/09/2011. http://gardenofpraise.com/ibdalex.htm