Year 7 Ancient History Major Assignment Weeks 6 – 9
Contents1 title2 contents3 Athens – A day in the life4 Athens – Government5 Sparta – A day in the life6 Sparta – Government7 Alexander the Great – Personal information8 Alexander the Great – Alexander’s empire9 centaurs10 the Parthenon11 Bibliography12 glossary
Athens- a day in the life Greek houses normally had 2 stories. If an Athenian man had married, the wife would sleep in a separate room. Athenian children slept in baskets until they were 7 years of age. They played with balls, miniature chariots, rattles, yo-yos, rocking horses, dolls and animals made from clay. Most children had pets like dogs or cats. They also had ducks, quails, birds, goats, tortoises, mice, weasels, and grasshoppers. Until the This is an ancient Athenian boys turned 7 they were home schooled by toy horse. their mothers. After they turned 7 their fathers hired a private teacher for them.Daily Life, Viewed 26thAugust, 2011, N.Dhttp://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/ancient_greece/daily_life.htm
Athens- government In the year 510 BC Athens created democracy. A democracy is a government where anyone could vote to create their own laws. Every year 500 Athenians chosen to take part in the government. They were on the government for 1 year and had to chose all This is a painting of a group of the rules for that year. Anyone people coming to vote on the rules was allowed to vote in ancient for the year. AthensMrdonn N.D, Athens democracy, viewed 30th August 2011http://greece.mrdonn.org/athensdemocracy.html
Sparta- a day in the lifeThe boys in Sparta were sent to military camps to betrained how to fight. They wore no shoes and notmany clothes, slept on beds made of reed and had nosheets or blankets. At age 20 they had to pass afitness test to be a soldier. If they didn’t pass theywould become a perioidos. A perioidos was not allowedto vote and was not counted as a citizen. If theypassed they would become a soldier. Spartan soldiers This is a drawing of a Spartan army at war withwere in the military until they reached the age of 60. the enemy.Spartan soldiers were encouraged to be marriedbefore the age of 30. they normally married ladies intheir teen years. Soldiers werent allowed to seetheir wives or go to their house until they had servedin the military for over 10 years. Spartan womenwere only used for taking care of the soldier when hewasn’t in battle. Daily Life, Viewed 30thAugust, 2011, N.D http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/ancient_greece/daily_lif e.htm
Sparta- government Spartan government was very different to Athens government. It was an oligarchy. Sparta normally had 2 kings from different families. They didn’t have total power over the city. A group of 5 people called Ephors could sentence a king to death whenever they wanted to. Ephors had to be over the age of 30. they were elected to serve for only 1 year. Men over the age of 60 called senates made all the laws in ancient Sparta. There was also a group of people called kryptia that were the kings secret police. Archidamos III He was a king of Sparta Between 360 and 338. he died Near the town of Manduria.Beechmontcrest N.D, viewed 30th August, 2011http://www.beechmontcrest.com/spartan_government.htm
Alexander the great- personal information Alexander the great was born on 20 July 356 BC. His mother was olympias and his dad was king Phillip. His first teacher was Leonidas. He taught alexander maths, archery and horsemanship. Alexanders favourite teacher was Lysimachus. Between 343 BC and 346 BC Aristotle taught alexander. Aristotle taught alexander philosophy, government, politics, poetry, drama, and science. In 336 BC king Phillip was murdered by a man called Pausanias. Alexander became king after his father died. Alexander the greatNotablebiographies 2011, viewed 30th August, 2011, NDhttp://www.notablebiographies.com/A-An/Alexander-the-Great.html
Alexander the great-alexanders empire After king Phillips death alexander became king. He inherited the castle and his fathers huge army. He wanted to start reconquering Greece. Alexander the great conquered many towns and cities. He conquered (in order) Granicus, Sardis, Miletus, Gordium, Issus, Tyre, Samaria, Gaza, Siwah, Alexandria, Gaugamela, Arbela, Babylon, Susa, Persepolis, Ecbatana and Damghan. In 334 B.C alexander declared war with Persia. His goal was to defeat King darius III, leader of the Main Persian army. He defeated Darius at Issus in north-eastern Syria. Next he moved to Tyre. He conquered Tyre and moved His forces to Egypt. He Defeated the entire eastern Mediterranean coastline. This is Where he named Alexandria, After himself. He then moved to Babylon. Babylon surrendered and Alexander immediately took over The town. After this he moved to The capital of Persia, Persepolis. Alexander won the battle. He gained control of Persia by defeating the capital.library.thinkquest viewed 2nd September 2011 NDhttp://library.thinkquest.org/20176/alexander.htm
centaur The centaur was a mythical creature that had a head of a human and a body of a horse. They were very aggressive and destructive creatures. they lived in herds on Mt. Pelion. When the god Zeus was angry he sent the centaurs to punish the people that had annoyed him. Chiron was known as the wisest centaur. Apollo and Diana were his teachers. He went on to each many gods children. He Taught them knowledge about the World and fighting skills. Aesculapius, Jason, Hercules and Achilles were some of his best Students. They also became Some of the greatest warriors in Ancient Greece.Ydra viewed 14th October 2011 NDhttp://www.pantheon.org/articles/h/hydra.html
The Parthenon The Parthenon is a big building in Greece. It was built 2500 years ago. The Parthenon was a temple built for the goddess Athena. Inside the temple there was a big statue of Athena. The hill it was built on was called acropolis. The Parthenon was not always a place to worship Athena. The statue got destroyed and the Europeans turned it into a Christian church. Later the Turkish people took over Athens and they turned it into a mosque. In 1687 the Italians came to Athens. They decided to blow up the Parthenon because that is where the Turkish people kept their weapons and gunpowder. They blew the top of the Parthenon off but everything else survived. It still stands today This is the Parthenon todayGreece viewed 14th October 2011 NDhttp://www.greece.org/parthenon/marbles/children.htm
glossary Marque: A Muslim house of worship inherited: to receive from your parents. mythical: not real or imaginary. oligarchy: A state governed by a few people. chariots: An ancient two-wheeled vehicle that is pulled by horses horsemanship The skill of riding horseshttp://www.thefreedictionary.com
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