Contents Tittle page. Contents. Athens – A day in the life. Athens – A day in the life. Athens – Government. Sparta – A day in the life. Sparta – Government. Alexander the Great – Personal Information. Alexander the Great – Alexanders empire. The Olympic Games. The Olympic Games. Bibliography.
Athens – A day in the life Men had a much better life in Athens than women, this is because only the men could be citizens, only men made the decisions, only men fought in the armies and only men took part in sports and met in public. Athens daily life for men was going to places to discuss politics, they sold things in the market and they took care of their land. Athens daily life for women was taking care of their house, looking after their kids, making food and also making clothes. Women had to learn important household skills like spinning, weaving, sewing, cooking and lots of others.
Athens – A day in the life Athens daily life for children was girls learning how to do things like their mother and boys going to school at about the age of 7. Babies did not receive names until their 7th to 10th day of life, this is because many babies died in the first couple of days. Till they were 7 years old they slept in wicker baskets or wooden cradles. Athens daily life for slaves was working in the fields, the factories, shops, in the mines and even on ships. They also cleaned and cooked. Slaves were not allowed to go to school, enter politics or even use their own name. they were given names by the person who owned them.
Athens - Government In 621 BC, Draco was serving in the government as an archon. He ordered his slaves to write to write down the laws so that everyone would know what they were. This was also to stop rich men in the oligarchy wouldn’t be able to make up laws to suit themselves. These laws said that poor people could be killed for even very small crimes like stealing a cabbage. There were different punishments for poor people and rich people. For example if a poor woman owed some money to a rich man, she would be sold into slavery to pay off the debt. But if a rich man owed money to a poor woman, his punishment would be much lighter. In 510 BC, Athens created the first democratic government. Soon after that a lot of other city-states copied Athens. Women, Children, Slaves, Foreigners or even Greeks from other city-states were not allowed to vote so this only left men that were allowed.
Sparta – A day in the life Spartan daily life for women was learning reading and writing and skills to protect themselves in battle. They had a lot more freedom then women living in Athens. They also played sports and were allowed out in the publicunlike Athenian women. Spartan daily life for children was if they were allowed to live they were brought up under a severe discipline. if a newborn child was unhealthy or weak they would be carried to a nearby chasm and they would be left there to die, only the kids who were physically fit would survive. At the age of 7 the boys were taken out of their parents control and organized into small bands. The strongest boys were made captain. The boys were taught to handle pain and to do as they were told at all times with no questions. The girls were educated in classes under a similar system.
Sparta – A day in the life Spartan daily life for men was when all the male citizen were between the age 20 and 60 they had to serve in the army and they had to belong to a men's dining club and eat and sleep in the public barracks. These men were forbidden to carry gold and silver. War songs was their only music. Spartan men worked a lot. They did jobs like hunting, fighting, farming, sailing and building. Spartan daily life for slaves was to do the household chores, to go shopping at the market and sometimes even to help bring up children. Slaves would belong to mostly families with reasonable wealth.
Sparta - Government Sparta had two kings that came from two different families. These two kings would keep an eye on each other and train the army for a war. The kings would lead the army in wars. Ephors were a group of 5 citizens over the age of thirty. An Ephor could bring charges against anyone in Sparta even the two kings. Foreigners were discouraged from visiting Sparta this is because outsiders would likely bring ideas that could upset the Spartan system. Sparta also had a council that created the laws. This council was created up of the two kings and 28 elders. The elders had to be 60 + years to qualify for one of the positions.
Alexander The Great – Personal information Alexander was born in July on the 19th or 20th 356 BC. He was the son of King Phillip the second and Olympias. His mother Olympias was the daughter of King Neoptolemus the first of Epirus. Olympias wasn’t the only wife of King Phillip the second. Alexander was tutored by Leonidas (who was possibly his Uncle) and the great Greek Philosopher Aristotle. He tamed a wild horse called Bucephalus. When the horse died Alexander renamed a city in India after it. Alexander had 3 wives called Roxane, Statiera and Parysatis. He had two kids called Herakles who was the son of Alexanders mistress Barsine and his other son Alexander the 4th who was the son of Roxane.
Alexander The Great – Alexander’s empire Alexander the Great was king of Macedonia. In 334 BC Alexander declared a war against Persia. He travelled south where he would defeat king Darius the third who was the leader of the main Persian army. After defeating the Persian army Alexander travelled to Tyre in 332 BC. Then he travelled towards the Eastern Mediterranean. He captured Gaza at first and then travelled to Egypt, this gave Alexander control over the entire Eastern Mediterranean coastline. After all Alexanders work in the Eastern Mediterranean he moved his forces to Babylon. He defeated Darius the Third once again in 331 BC forcing Babylon to surrender. By 327 BC Alexander had gained control along and beyond the Southern Shores of the Caspian Sea and much of central Asia.
The Olympic Games The ancient Olympic Games were held in the city – state Elis at Olympia. The Olympic Games started as a religious festival to honour Zeus, who was the Greek god of Earth and Heaven. These games were held mostly every 4years. The most popular event was the chariot race which was held in the hippodrome. A lot of teams never finished this 12-lap course, this is because the event was very dangerous. The Pentathlon was held in the stadium. This event included Discus throwing, long jump, javelin throwing, 200 metre sprint and wrestling. Wrestling and boxing were very popular and sometimes the contestants even died.
Bibliography http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/dailylife/home_set.html http://www.beechmontcrest.com/spartan_government.htm http://historylink102.com/greece3/sparta-goverment.htm http://www.innvista.com/society/government/greece/govtspar.htm http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/alexander/a/Alexander_2.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/20176/alexander.htm Last updated September 14th 2011, The Conquers of Alexander the Great, viewed 19th September 2011