NUBIA By Naomi Guzman-Bensdon ( group members Kimani Thomas and Yana Tszyan )
What’s Nubia? <ul><li>On the other side of the Nile, there is a country called Nubia. While Nubia stays within the shadows of history, for centuries, Egypt’s and Nubia’s destinies were intertwined. Nubia would prove to have strong cities, social order,and a powerful government. </li></ul>
Where’s Nubia? <ul><li>Nubia, is in Northeast Africa, roughly occupying both sides of the Nile River valley between Aswan, Egypt, and Khartoum, Sudan. The area of the region in Northeast Sudan is called the Nubian Desert. In ancient times Nubia was called Kush and ruled by their neighbors Egypt for some 1800 years. In the 8th century BC the Nubians achieved independence. </li></ul>
The cities of Nubia <ul><li>The Kushites were first based in Kerma, and then at Napata - both towns in what is now northern Sudan. Kerma was an advanced society and archaeological evidence shows that ceramics were being produced by 8,000 BC - earlier than in Egypt. By about 1700 BC, the town had grown into a town of 10,000 people with a complex hierarchical society. </li></ul>
Social Order <ul><li>In traditional Nubian village society, arranged marriages were the norm. According to the ideology underpinning this practice, marriages arranged by the older, experienced members of the family group for the younger, less experienced members were better than those that might be initiated by those younger members. Those holding this belief say that marriages contracted by elders are more stable; fewer end in divorce, and over time the married couple is more content together. Altogether, the Nubians were well known for being peaceful people, who were very open, were in high praise in other parts of the ancient world. </li></ul>
Nubian Government <ul><li>Nubians never had a very stable government because their methods of law would change every time there was some sort of conflict.Nubia was always under some sort of constant attack and could never really compose themselves before another attack. The only method of government (to my knowledge) is the Kandake System, made by Queen Shanadakhete (d. 160 B.C.), Mero e 's most powerful ruler and great builder in stone, and perhaps the first significant female ruler in world history. the Kandake System of government made the Queen Mother the central political figure, and the queens were either the principal ruler or at least equal to their husbands as co-ruler. </li></ul>
Bibliography <ul><li>Beck, Roger B., et. al. World History Patterns of Interaction Evanston: McDougal Littell Inc., 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Story of Africa, African History from the Dawn of Time…”, BBC Worldservice.com. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/specials/1624_story_of_africa/page90.shtml (accessed November 30, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>"NUBIA,," The History Channel website , http://www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?articleId=217917 (accessed November 30, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Nubia” Dr. Stuart Tyson Smith, UCSB Anthropology Department Website http://www.anth.ucsb.edu/faculty/stsmith/research/nubia_history.html (accessed November 30, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Geography of Nubia” Spiekermann Travel Website http://www.touregypt.net/HistoricalEssays/nubiae1.htm (accessed November 30, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Who are the Nubians?” Wysinger Homestead Website http://wysinger.homestead.com/nubians.html (accessed November 30, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Black Pharaohs” National Geographic Website http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/02/black-pharaohs/robert-draper-text/3 (accessed November 30, 2008) </li></ul>
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