The Australian Film Industry
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The Australian Film Industry

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Presentation in French, given to the GRECA research group, Universite Paris 3 Sorbonne Nouvelle, 30 November 2009

Presentation in French, given to the GRECA research group, Universite Paris 3 Sorbonne Nouvelle, 30 November 2009

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  • La lignebleueest les films Australiens, c’est a dire les films qui Screen Australia decide ont ‘significant Australian content’, qui signifie les films qui sontproduire par les Australiens, normalement en Australie, avec une histoire Australienne. La ligne rouge est les films produitsconformement a un , Commevouspouvezvoir, le nombre
  • High point in 1985-86
  • Blue lines = The years where Australian films gained at least 10 per cent of the local box office (and the films responsible) were: 1977 Caddie, The Last Wave, Eliza Fraser, The Mango Tree 1981 Gallipoli, Mad Max 2, Puberty Blues 1982 The Man from Snowy River, The Year of Living Dangerously 1986 Crocodile Dundee 1988 Crocodile Dundee II, The Man from Snowy River II 1994 The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert; Muriel’s Wedding
  • 2001 films: Moulin Rouge ($27.4m); Lantana ($9.8m); The Man Who Sued God ($8.1m);2000 films: The Dish ($16.8); The Wog Boy ($11.4); Looking for Alibrandi ($8.3)2008: Australia ($29.8); Black Balloon ($2.2)2007: Happy Feet ($20.7); Romulus My Father ($2.5); Rogue ($1.7)
  • Context: Ruth Harley’s statement that Screen Australia will focus on films that open on more than 100 films
  • Which Australian films are foreign investors putting money into: Guardians of Ga’hoole and Happy Feet 2Four of 18 films in which Screen Australia
  • Federal agencies: AFC, FFC, AFTRS, Film Australia, Australian Childrens Television Foundation, Ausfilm
  • Strategic minority co-financing from film festivals, to mark themselves out, also to promote local production. Another example of local competition.
  • Victoria drops from highest international production to nothing, all other states drop substantially, except South AustraliaVictoria was highest for several years – Where the Wild Things Are, The PacificNext year Queensland will be higher
  • Muriel’s Wedding (1994) – most profitable film in FFC’s history
  • New location on Fox Studios lotBudget is increasing – digital media, Centre for Screen BusinessFirst feature film this year, collaboration with NIDA, One More Day, 4 interlinked stories by different writers.
  • Budget is substantially lower than previous combined agencies’ budgets.
  • Snowy Baker brought experienced American director Wilfred Lucas, writer Bess Meredith and cameraman Bob Dorreir to Australia to make The Man From Kangaroo (1920).

The Australian Film Industry Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Australian Cinema
    Ben Goldsmith
    University of Queensland/
    Australian Film, Television and Radio School
    b.goldsmith@uq.edu.au
  • 2. Productions de films annuel
    Source: Screen Australia National Production Survey 2008-09
  • 3. Dépensessur films en Australie
    Source: Screen Australia National Production Survey 2008-09
  • 4. Comparaisonsinternationales: Nombres
    Source: Screen Digest, June 2005, June 2006, July 2007, July 2008 and July 2009; Screen Australia Get the Picture: International Comparisons
  • 5. ComparaisonsInternationales: Dépenses
    Source: Screen Digest, July 2009; Screen Australia Get the Picture: International Comparisons
  • 6. Les Emplois
  • 7. Production en Australie, Historique
    Source: Screen Australia
  • 8. % de guichet total pour les films Australiens
    Source: Screen Australia
  • 9. Guichet
    Source: Screen Australia Get the Picture Online
  • 10. Cinema Admissions par an
    Source: Screen Digest Sept 2005, Oct 2006, and unpublished data from the Cinema Intelligence Service, reproduced at http://www.screenaustralia.gov.au/gtp/acompadmitper.html
  • 11. 85% of Australian films released in Australian cinemas over the last five years were in limited release (less than 20 prints) or specialty release (20-99 prints)
    Total number of Australian cinema screens: 1,980
    Average growth in number of screens 2004-08 = 3.5%
  • 12. Films d’Australie, guichet de tous les temps
  • 13. Tous les films en Australie, guichet de tous de temps
  • 14. Qui investitdans les films Australiens?
  • 15. Les Exemptions Fiscales et les AvantagesFiscaux
    Producer Offset
    Location Offset
    PDV Offset
  • 16. Placements des AgencesGouvernementales – développement de projet, production, service de marketing, éducation, incitationsfiscales2007-08
    Les AgencesFédérales - $229.16 m
    NSW - $9m
    Victoria - $19.22m
    Queensland - $11.46m
    South Australia - $5.26m
    Western Australia – $8.25m
    Tasmania – $1.38m
    Australian Capital Territory - $0.3m
    Northern Territory - $0.55m
  • 17. State film agencies
    Screen West
    Pacific Film and Television Commission/Screen Queensland
    Screen NSW
    South Australian Film Corporation
    Film Victoria
    Screen Tasmania
  • 18. Adelaide Film Festival Investment Fund - $500,000 per year, encourage work in SA, premieres at next Festival
    Melbourne International Film Festival Premiere Fund $800,000 per year
  • 19. Location of Production
    Source: Screen Australia National Production Survey 2008-09
  • 20. Australian Film Development Corporation 1970-75
    Modeled on Canadian
    Film Development Corporation
    $1 million budget,
    loans not investment, but
    ‘frankly commercial’ films
    ‘significant Australian content’
    Ocker comedies
  • 21. Australian Film Commission 1975-2008
    ‘AFC genre’
    Development,
    Marketing,
    Production finance
    Research and statistics
    Average budget
    2000/01-07/08 = $37.85m
  • 22. Film Finance Corporation 1988-2008
    Investment bank model
    1165 investments in feature films, documentaries, television drama,
    children’s drama, but
    Poor rate of return
    Average budget
    2000/01-2007/08 = $61.63m
    Average recoupment
    2000/01-2005/06 = $12m
  • 23. Australian Film, Television and Radio School 1973-
    JerzyToeplitz
    Philip Noyce, Gillian Armstrong, Bruce Beresford, Jane Campion, Sejong Park
    Short films, first feature film 2009
    Location
    Average budget
    2000/01-07/08 =
    $17.64m
  • 24. Screen Australia 2008-
    Merger of AFC, FFC, Film Australia
    National Film and Sound Archive split off
    (Development), Production Finance, Producer Offset, Marketing
    Feature film, documentary, (short film), television
    Budget: $93.64m 2009-10
  • 25. Ausfilm
    Locations marketing
    Los Angeles base
    Budget: $1.45m 2008-09
  • 26. L’Australie?
  • 27. Nouvelle Occasion
  • 28. Hollywood et Australie
    Avant La Première Guerre Mondiale, moins de 50%
    1923 – c.95% Hollywood films
    100 Australiensdans Hollywood 1920s – “gum-leaf mafia”, Annette Kellerman, “Snub” Pollard (Keystone Cops), “Snowy” Baker
    1930s-40s – Orry-Kelly, Errol Flynn
  • 29. Hollywoodiens en Australie
    The Man from Kangaroo (1920)
    For the Term of His Natural Life (1927)
  • 30. 1950s-60s
  • 31. 1980s
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36. Questions actuelles
    Sustainability
    Producer Offset - $83m into 19 films 2007-09
    Genre
    International and local production
  • 37. Réseau International pour la DiversitéCulturelle
    Quefaisons-nous?
    Nous organisons des réunions locales, régionales et internationalessur les questions qui touchentà la diversité. Nous effectuons des recherches et des analyses, nous réunissons des informationssur les questions qui touchentà la diversité.
    Nous exerçons des pressionsauprès des gouvernements, des agencesintergouvernementales et des forums multilatéraux.
    Nous nous assuronsque la voix de la collectivitéculturellesoitentenduelors des négotiationscommerciales.
    Nous facilitons la communication et les contacts entre nosmembres.
    Nous lançons des projets qui facilitent la mise en oeuvre des principes.
    Nous collaborons avec d'autres movements de la sociétécivile.