Generations of consoles


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Generations of video game consoles

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  • Generations of consoles

    1. 1. VIDEO GAMES IN THE 21ST CENTURY by: Nathan Bender
    2. 2. HOW THEY STARTED In 1951, Claude Shannon created a game of chess for the original computers. This was the first time anyone had programmed a computer to play chess. In 1972, Magnavox released the first take-home video game console that you could hook up to the tv called Magnavox Odyssey. It was invented by Ralph H. Baer.
    3. 3. SECOND GENERATION VIDEO GAMES In 1976, Fairchild released the Fairchild Video Entertainment System (VES). It contained a programmable microprocessor, which was the foundation of many more video game systems to come.
    4. 4. VIDEO GAME CRASH OF 1977 In 1977, everyone started to sell their video game systems because they did not have enough money. This led to many video game companies going out of business. RCA and Fairchild abandoned video games all together. The only companies to stay in were Atari and Magnavox.
    5. 5. VIDEO GAME CRASH OF 1983 In 1983, companies started to release low quality and cheaper video game systems for people that could not afford these more expensive consoles. Also, home computers started to flood the market and people started to turn to them for gaming. People started to lose interest in video game consoles, so most companies filed for bankruptcy.
    6. 6. THIRD GENERATION CONSOLES In 1985, Nintendo brought the NES (Nintendo entertainment system) over to the United States from Japan. Nintendo found their breakout product to be Super Mario Bros., a game that would be known for many generations to come. Nintendo’s success restarted the video game industry and many more consoles would be introduced to compete with the NES.
    7. 7. FOURTH GENERATION In 1988, Sega released the Mega Drive/Genesis. In 1990, Nintendo released the SNES (Super Nintendo Entertainment System) Other not well know consoles that were released were TurboGrafx-16, and Neo Geo.
    8. 8. FIFTH GENERATION The first game systems in this generation were Sega’s Jaguar and the 3DO. Both of these game systems were much more powerful than the SNES and the Genesis. These consoles were not very productive. The 3DO costed more than the SNES and Genesis combined, while the Jaguar was very hard to program for, leading to a shortage in games.
    9. 9. FIFTH GENERATION CON’T It was not until Playstation One, Nintendo 64, and the Saturn were released that people started to buy gaming consoles again. The Saturn and the PlayStation did something no other gaming consoles had ever done, they used cds instead of cartridges. Both of these systems were way cheaper than the Jaguar and the 3DO.
    10. 10. SIXTH GENERATION The leading consoles in this generation were Sega’s Dreamcast, Sony’s Playstation 2, Nintendo’s Gamecube, and Microsoft’s Xbox. Gaming consoles in this generation now started to use DVDs instead of CDs. These were the first video game systems to be more PC-like. In this generation we also started to see Online gaming becoming more popular.
    11. 11. SEVENTH GENERATION Sony’s Playstation 3, Microsoft’s Xbox 360, and Nintendo’s Wii, are the mosted advanced video game consoles on the market today. Nintendo’s Wii is the first video game console to use motion sensing as a way to play video games. The Playstation 3 and the Xbox 360 are the top competitors in Online Gaming. The Playstation 3, started a revolution by supporting the Blu-ray disk formats.
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