C:\fakepath\treaty of versaillesPresentation Transcript
The Treaty of Versailles By: Mike Skeath & Kim Harmon
Signing of the Treaty
Signed the treaty:
Great Britain (David Lloyd George)- was privately concerned that Russian communism would spread to Germany and he thought that they were being overly punished with the reparations
France (Clemenceau)- wanted Germany to have as little power as possible
Germany- had the choice of signing the treaty or being taken over by the Big Three
Signing of the Treaty Cont.
Did not sign the treaty: The United States of America (Woodrow Wilson)- he wanted to isolate America as much as possible from European affairs
Republican party- Held most of congress and wanted no involvement with the Treaty of Versailles
Took about 7 months to create the treaty
Reviewed by Germany on May 7, 1919
Signed on June 28, 1919
Signed at the palace of Versailles near Paris, France
440 Articles and Annexes
The Guilt Clause
“ The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.”
Article 231 of treaty - Arguably the most controversial clause in treaty. Many historians argue that it blames Germany for all problems - Others deny this, saying that it doesn't say that at all.
Article 257: Former German territories and oversea colonies will not need to pay reparations
Article 159: The German military must be demobilized and reduced
Article 160: By March 31, 1920 the German military must be reduced to 100,000 men
Article 181 (&190): The German Navy must not exceed 36 ships and have no submarines
Article 198: The German military will not be allowed to have an air force
Important Articles Cont.
Article 34: Belgium will be given the territories of Eupen & Malmedy
Article 48: The Saar basin will be assigned to France for a period of 15 years (plebiscite will determine it’s allegiance)
Article 51: Territories that were annexed into Germany will be returned to French Sovereignty
Article 109: The line that divides Germany and Denmark shall be moved depending on the wishes of the population
Article 119: Oversea German colonies will be renounced
Why is the Treaty Important?
It reorganized different territories and countries
Stated who was at fault for war
Determined how reparations will be calculated
Created the League of Nations
Lowered amount of troops in German military
The Other Treaties
The Treaty of St Germain 10th September 1919- Austria
The Treaty of Trianon 4th June 1920- Hungary
The Treaty of Neuilly 27th November 1919- Bulgaria
The Treaty of Sevres 20th August 1920- Turkey
Changes to the Map of Europe
Was the Treaty Carried Out?
League of Nations was created
All territories and oversea colonies were annexed from Germany and distributed accordingly
Germany did not join Austria as one state
Germany decreased the size of its army to 100,000 (soldiers were put in reserves)
Germany did pay the reparations except for the years 1922 & 1933
Germany did reduce its navy to 36 boats & no submarines*
Germany had no air force*
*soldiers were trained how to use planes and submarines (not against treaty)
Effects on Germany
Felt cheated because they thought they would be signing the fourteen points treaty made by Wilson
Germany became poor/did not industrialize much
Germany despised the Big Three
Treaty compelled Germans to leave their homes made in Russia, Poland, & etc.
The great depression along with the reparations strained Germany’s economy
Adolf Hitler bitterly resented the Treaty of Versailles
1933- told the Big Three that reparations would not be paid (became chancellor)
1934-1945- was titled head of state (dictator)
1936- sent troops into Rhineland
1939-1945- Started World War 2 by invading Poland
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