Cyprus is an eastern Mediterranean island country. It is south of Turkey, north of Egypt and west of Lebanon.
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean.
Eastern Cyprus is mountainous. The highest peak is 1,951 meters high, Which is mount Olympus.
The climate is dry during the summer and rainy during the winter. Snow is sparse and dust storms are common, although in winter there is enough snow fall in the mountains for them to be used as ski resorts.
The vegetation is typical Mediterranean plants.
Natural disasters consist of droughts and earthquakes.
Environmental problems in Cyprus are water supply and water pollution. Cyprus has occasional droughts and rain only falls in its season. The Turkish Cypriots have problems with water shortages. The water gets polluted by sewage and industrial wastes.
The example of the droughts and occasional earthquakes actually relates to physical, Social, and Economic. It relates to physical because droughts may affect the land, making it dry and more desert-like. This also affects the society because people start to have shortage of water and less crops meaning food then must be imported. This is bad for economics because businesses related to food and beverages start to have financial problems. No crops that grow, no food to sell. Earthquakes can destroy Cyprus's land. Houses and building get destroyed, meaning many people start to become homeless. Businesses also start to fall apart because their work places become destroyed.
Nicosia is the Capital of Cyprus.
Because Cyprus is divided into two parts, they have separate governments. Mainly, the government in Turkey handles major issues for northern Cyprus, and the government in Greece handles major issues for southern Cyprus.
There are people in northern and southern Cyprus that take care of national things throughout their part of the country.
The government is a kind of Democracy, the citizens of Cyprus are able to vote between the people that have been chosen already.
Independence day for Cyprus is the 1 st of October, although, Turkish Cypriots celebrate independence day on the 15 th of November.
President Tassos Papadopoulos is the chief of state and the head of government.
Cyprus means copper in Greek, explaining the copper colour the island is on the flag of Cyprus. The two olive branches that cross over each other symbolize peace between northern (Turkish) and southern (Greek) Cyprus.
The major incomes of Cyprus are tourism and financial services. More than 1.4 million tourists visit Cyprus per year.
Cyprus joined the European union. The national currency was changed to euros on the first of January.
Oil was found in the sea between Cyprus and Egypt. Oil might become a major income for Cyprus once they resolve who the oil belongs to.
The Turkish Cypriots depend on import from the Turkish government.
They have tourism industries, food and beverages processing, metal products, wood, paper, stone, etc.
Tourism is currently the biggest source of import for Cyprus. Since they found oil on the sea beds between Egypt and Cyprus, it can become a major source of export. Cyprus could become a rich country. Cyprus could export oil, and have more money to import things their land cannot produce. They have problems with water, and Cyprus is not a rich country, so desalination is pretty expensive for them. If they get the oil, they might not have to worry about the costs of desalination that much because they would have enough money to supply their country with enough water for when droughts come along.
Social - religions
Greek Cypriots are Greek Orthodox. Many Greek Cypriots go to the Orthodox church, so Cyprus is one of the European Unions most religious countries.
Turkish Cypriots are Muslim.
There are also small groups of Jews, Baha’i, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Maronite, and Armenian Apostolic.
Social - languages
The official languages of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish, Greek being spoken in southern Cyprus, and Turkish being spoken in northern Cyprus.
English is understood throughout Cyprus. The Greek and Turkish Cypriots actually communicate in English. The younger age groups in Cyprus understand English.
Social - population
The population of Cyprus ( in July 2007) is 788,457.
The population is mostly Greek(77%), followed by Turkish (18%), and lastly, other (5%).
Because Cyprus is divided into two, Turkish Cyprus and Greek Cyprus, there have been conflicts between the two. This is a problem because each side wants things to go their way weather its land or money, etc. This also is not a good example to set for the younger age groups of Cyprus. Turkish Cypriots might teach their children to hate Greeks and Greek Cypriots, and vice versa. They could tell their children bad stories and maybe even untrue things about each other. These children might then have social problems at school with students that are from the other side of Cyprus. Cypriots need to except each other and learn to live with each other so that they can become more social and live happily in peace.