2. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Letter from the GovernorDear Fellow Junior Statesmen and Stateswomen,Welcome to our first statewide convention of the year, 2012 Fall State Los Angeles! Whether this is your first ortenth JSA convention, this weekend promises to be one of the most engaging conventions yet!The theme, “Crafting a More Perfection Union: A Nation in Transition” could not be more relevant to the currentstate of affairs. It is a defining time for our nation because ideally, after an election season, the focus shifts fromcampaigning to solving the actual issues at hand. Now alleviating budget deficit, creating jobs, improving foreignpolicy, or advancing education are not just open-ended campaign promises, but realities that the presidentialadministration must address – it is time for tangible, necessary courses of action.The hope is that our nation will not only transition, but also hopefully work towards more bipartisan cooperation.With both parties are firmly locked into their own respective ideologies, it is inhibiting our country from movingforward, which was clearly demonstrated throughout the campaign season. Ultimately, the needs of ourgeneration cannot even be properly addressed unless the nation’s leaders are able to view past their partisanblindfolds and look toward solving the issues at hand.This is why JSA is so important. Championing nonpartisanship and encouraging respectful, civilized discussion ofdissenting views on controversial issues, our politicians could learn quite a bit from the behavior of our JuniorStatesmen. So this weekend, my challenge to you is to set an example for our politicians – consider the oppositeside, challenge your own beliefs, try to achieve common ground with those who have divergent views, and mostimportantly, act with high level of statesmanship.Lastly, my cabinet and I want to ensure that your JSA experience is as incredible as possible. If you would like toprovide feedback on this convention, have suggestions for improvement, or want to share anything you enjoyed ordid not enjoy, please do not be afraid to contact me at anytime. We are here to serve you.I cannot wait to witness the dynamic discussion and all the wonderful happenings of this weekend. I look forwardto seeing you all in action. Here’s to an amazing weekend!All the Best,Julianna JossSouthern California Governorjjoss@jsa.org
3. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Agenda at a Glance Saturday, November 17th, 2012Registration 8:30 AM – 10:00 AMRegistration Registration DeskLuggage Storage Century PavilionOpening Session 10:00 AM – 11:00 AMGovernor’s Address Marquis BallroomSpeaker’s AddressProgram Director’s AddressKeynote Speaker’s AddressWorkshop Block 11:00 AM – 11:35 AMDebate Workshop Atlanta-BostonModerating Workshop (Mandatory for all Moderators) Chicago-DallasBill Writing Workshop Salon 1Competitive Debate Workshop ScottsdaleIntro To JSA (Mandatory for all Newcomers) Salon 2Chaperone Meeting (Mandatory) New YorkMock Trial 11:40 AM – 12:30 PM Marquis BallroomLunch 12:35 PM – 1:55 PMPolitical Fair Marquis FoyerBlock I 2:00 PM – 2:50 PMPolitical Fair Marquis FoyerSpeed Chess Debate: The Annexation of Puerto Rico Salon 1Competitive Debate: Electronic Voting Salon 2Debate: Death Penalty Salon 3Debate: Buffet Rule Salon 4Thought Talk: Religion in Democracy Salon 5 & 6Political Party Education St. LouisArtivism: Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice Chicago-DallasCouncil of Chapter Presidents Meeting (Mandatory) ScottsdaleResearch Room Houston
4. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Block II 3:00 PM – 3:45 PMCompetitive Debate: Genetically Modified Foodstuff Salon 2Debate: Hydraulic Fracking Salon 1Debate: Planned Parenthood Salon 3Debate: Legalization of Marijuana Salon 4Debate: Israel and Palestine Chicago-DallasThought Talk: Income Inequality Salon 5 & 6Political Compass Atlanta-BostonAssembly Meeting ScottsdaleSenate meeting MiamiResearch Room HoustonCoffee Break 3:45 PM – 4:05 PMBlock III 4:05 PM – 4:50 PMCompetitive Debate: Civil Disobedience Salon 2Debate: Support Democracy Abroad Salon 1Debate: ObamaCare Salon 3Speed Chess Debate: U.S. Immigration Policy Salon 4Thought Talk: Freedom of Speech Salon 5 & 6Tap-In Debate Chicago-DallasYAB Interviews St. LouisChapter Affairs Meeting ScottsdaleResearch Room HoustonTeacher Advisor Reception PhiladelphiaKey Distribution & Dinner 4:55 PM – 7:00 PMRegional Caucus 7:15 PM – 7:45 PMAngeles Region Salons 1 & 2 & 3Channel Islands Region Salons 4Cabinet, SER Delegation Salons 5 & 6Night Activities 8:00 PM – 12:00 AMJSA Hot Seat 8:00 PM – 9:00 PM ScottsdaleTalent Show 8:00 PM – 9:30 PM Chicago-DallasGame/Chill Out 8:00 PM – 12:00 AM St. LouisQuiz Bowl 9:00 PM – 10:00 PM New YorkMovie Showing 9:30 PM – 11:00 PM Chicago-DallasJSA Ninja 11:00 PM – 12:00 AM ScottsdaleDance 9:30 PM – 12:00 AM Imperial BallroomCurfew 12:15 AM
5. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Sunday, November 18th, 2012Breakfast & Luggage Storage 8:00 AM – 9:30 AMLuggage Storage Century PavilionBlock IV 9:30 AM – 10:20 AMDebate: National Security Salon 1Debate: National Debt Salon 2Debate: Definition of Marriage Salon 3Debate: Standardized Tests, SAT Salon 4Thought Talk: Chick Fil-A Salon 5 & 6What Type of Leader Are You? Chicago-DallasJSA Musical Chairs ScottsdaleRegional Cabinet Meetings Atlanta-BostonResearch Room HoustonBlock V 10:30 AM – 11:20 AMDebate: Google Salon 1Debate: Supreme Court Justices Salon 2Debate: Abolishing Boy Scouts Salon 3Debate: News Media Outlets Salon 4Thought Talk: Third Parties’ Role Salon 5 & 6Drafting A New Nation Chicago-DallasCrisis Scenario Atlanta-BostonSummer Programs Information Meeting ScottsdaleResearch Room HoustonBlock VI 11:30 AM – 12:20 PMSpeed Chess Debate: Capitalism Salon 1Debate: Distribution of Tax Dollars Salon 2Debate: China’s Human Rights Violations Salon 3Debate: Catholic Church’s Contraceptives Salon 4Thought Talk: War and Peace Salon 5 & 6Political Compass Chicago-DallasModel UN Simulation: Gender Rights in the Middle East Atlanta-BostonResearch Room HoustonChaperone Feedback Meeting (Optional) New YorkLunch 12:30 PM – 1:25 PMBlock VII 1:30 PM – 2:20 PMDebate: Assault Rifles Salon 1Debate: Public College Tuition Salon 2Debate: Religious Political Campaigns Salon 3Debate: Foreign-Born Presidential Candidates Salon 4Thought Talk: Party’s Campaign Salon 5 & 6
6. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Guess Who? Atlanta-BostonPolitical Pictionary Chicago-DallasClosing Ceremony 2:30 PM – 3:00 PM Imperial Ballroom Full Agenda Saturday, November 17th 2012Registration 8:30 AM – 10:00 AMRegistration Registration DeskAll Chapter Presidents and Teacher/Advisors, please check in at the Registration Desk to sign in yourchapter and also to pick up the nametags and agendas!Luggage Storage Century PavilionDrop off all luggage and bags that you have brought at Century Pavilion! Be sure to take everything youneed for the blocks, because you will not be able to access your luggage until after dinner!Opening Session 10:00 AM – 11:00 AM Marquis BallroomWelcome to Fall State Los Angeles 2012 – Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition! Wewill begin with a few words from our lovely Governor, Julianna Joss, who will go over the details of FallState including the new SoCal App, Mock Trial, and more. In addition our Speaker of the Assembly,Nicole Michelson, will address the new advocacy department and the new ARTivism debates! Afterwards,our Program Director, Tracy Thomas, will give a few words regarding standard procedure at FSLA! Then,we have a great keynote speaker, Lynn Vavreck an associate professor at UCLA, who will be opening ourconvention!Guest Speaker: Lynn Vavreck (Please see her biography in the lack of this agenda)Workshop Block 11:00 AM – 11:35 AMDebate Workshop Atlanta-BallroomLed By: Timothy Kang (Diamond Bar)Interested in brushing up on your skills a little bit before heading off to all of the debates that Fall State hasin store for you? Or is this your first convention and would you like to learn some basics that will help youthroughout your JSA career? Then come by to the debate workshop!
7. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Moderating Workshop (Mandatory for all Moderators) Chicago-DallasLed By: Arjan Sindhu (Diamond Bar)Want a brief recap of the skills necessary to become a good moderator? Remember that a good debatedepends not only on good speakers, but also on a good moderator that can keep everything under control!Bill Writing Workshop Salon 1Led By: Liam Nuebling (Servite)For anyone that is planning on attending Winter Congress for the first time, this workshop is extremelyimportant! Here, you will learn the basics of writing bills that delegates will discuss and vote on during thewinter convention. Make sure you attend this one to learn how to write good briefs that may be a part ofthis convention.Competitive Debate Workshop ScottsdaleLed By: Andrew Lindeborg (Dana Hills)Want to experience a more serious, formal style of debating? JSA offers a competitive debate scene thatallows multiple delegates to form a team that will compete against another in a high-level debate. To learnmore about this, come to the competitive debate workshop and learn from the Director of CompetitiveDebate himself!Intro To JSA (Mandatory for all newcomers) Salon 2Led By: Julianna Joss (Orange County School of the Arts)Is Fall State your first or third convention? Either one it may be, be sure to come to this workshop as itwill tell you the various things to do and see at FSLA! This workshop is mandatory for all new JSA’ers!Chaperone Meeting (Mandatory) New YorkLed By: Tracy ThomasTeachers and advisors, please attend this mandatory meeting. These sessions ensure that all chapters areaware of what is going on during the day. This is the time for teachers/advisors to ask questions andreceive answers.Mock Trial 11:40 AM – 12:30 PM Marquis BallroomCome partake in Southern California JSA’s first ever Mock Trial! This year, the Junior State is initiating anew activity at Fall States all over the nation: A Mock Supreme Court Case. The chosen case is relevant topresent-day SCOTUS: Fisher vs. University of Texas, a case concerning the affirmative action policies ofthe University of Texas.The intention of JSA is to mimic the case and the way it will be presented in SCOTUS with our ownstudents, increasing the overall knowledge and community engagement of the members of thisorganization. We will be mocking a real court proceeding with fellow JSA’ers to help facilitating the trial:For more information about the procedures, please look at the back of the agenda!Discussion Leader: Liam Nuebling (Servite)Chief Justice: Matthew Cohen (Tarbut V-Torah)Lead Attorney Petitioner: Jessica Shin (University)Lead Attorney Respondent: Amita Pentakota (Harvard-Westlake)
8. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Associate Justices: Melissa Tapia (John Burroughs) Nika Shahery (Buckley) Zac Watson-Field (John Burroughs) Chris Van Dam (John Burroughs) Harrison Eiler (Servite) Bob Knee (Marywood-Palm Valley) Grant Crater (John Burroughs) Wesley Powell (Santa Barbara)Lunch 12:35 AM – 1:55 PMAfter a long day of debating, one must be starving! Take this time to get a bite to eat or to relax withfellow JSA’ers in the lobby. Attached is a list of places to eat, be sure to account the time it takes to walkto and fro your destination!Political Fair Marquis FoyerInterested in politics? If you want to know more about the various political organizations in your localarea, be sure to come out to our Political Fair. Here there will be multiple organizations that will furtherenlighten you on national issues and the parties’ platform.Block I 2:00 PM – 2:50 PMPolitical fair Marquis FoyerSpeed Chess Debate: The Annexation of Puerto Rico Salon 1Moderator: Sabrina Lieberman (Marlborough)Pro: Dennis Yeh (Newbury Park)Con: Devin Morris (Crespi Carmelite)Resolved, Puerto Rico should be admitted as the 51st state of the United States of America.The current status of Puerto Rico is the “Free Associated State of Puerto Rico”. Such territorial status ismeant to be a transitional step towards a permanent status, such as statehood or independence. In the1980 Harris v. Rosario case, The Supreme Court of the United States acknowledged that Puerto Rico felldirectly under the territorial clause of the U.S. Constitution and under the authority of Congress. Thiscurrent colonial status does not allow Puerto Ricans to vote for the President of the United States. PuertoRicans do not have representation in the U.S. Senate and no voting representation in Congress. Instead,the 4 million U.S. Citizens of Puerto Rico only have one “Resident Commissioner” who cannot vote onthe House floor. Therefore, Puerto Ricans have no say in the making of the laws and statutes that apply tothem. Even though the U.S. Supreme Court has absolute jurisdiction over Puerto Rico, Puerto Ricans donot have representation in the U.S. Senate to cast an up or down vote on Supreme Court nominees. Inthe end, Puerto Rico is governed by a Congress in which they are not allowed to participate in, anExecutive whom they did not elect, and a Judiciary whose justices they did not confirm. However,Puerto Rico costs the U.S. over $22 billion a year, but as a state would only contribute $2 billion to theU.S. Treasury. A sense of identity may also be lost. They would not be recognized as an individual nationin the Olympic Games nor have a representative in their Miss Universe Pageant, which they have wonthree times. English is mandatory in Puerto Rico’s public schools, but it is taught as a foreign language.
9. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Fewer than 20 percent of Puerto Ricans can speak English fluently. If it becomes a state, Puerto Ricanswill no longer be exempt from federal income tax and even more people will be forced on the public dolebecause of the effects of increased taxation on a struggling economy.Competitive Debate: Electronic Voting Salon 2Moderator: Andrew Lindeborg (Dana Hills) Pro: Con: Eric Castillo (Amino Leadership) Everton Gordon (College Ready #5) Ruqayya Ahmad (Apple Valley) Neema Korouri (Corona Del Mar) Cristina Tello (Bell Gardens) Tae-Min/Eric Kim (Crescenta Valley) Andrew Blair (Bishop Montgomery) Thomas Yaeger (Crespi Carmelite) Alexander Fatykho (Buckley) Alejandro Lomeli (Downey) Grant Crater (Burroughs) Gabriela Ceballos (Harmony Magnet) Alicia Tran (Cal Academy of Math) Samantha Garfield (Harvard-Westlake) Ezliabeth Huber (Camarillo) Kortnee Ogbuefi (King Drew)Resolved, the United States should enforce a system of electronic voting.Elections are the crux of our democracy. We depend on an honest and secure electoral system for ournation to function as the democratic society it was created to be. A system of electronic voting couldincrease greatly the efficiency of American elections, however, after the 2006 Congressional HouseElections in District 13 of Florida’s Sarasota County, where an influential 18,000 electronic ballots failedto register their votes, many Americans are hesitant to move forward with a switch to electronic voting.Internationally, though, we see that even in the face of heavy criticism, substantial advances in votingtechnology can be made; in France, where the argument was completely one-sided against theimplementation of such voting methods, in their 2007 general elections, an impressive 1.5 million votesopted to utilize electronic voting machines in the eight voting districts they were available. The successesin France, along with the complete integration of electronic voting in Brazil, show the possibilities thisnew technology presents. However, even in these countries on the modern forefront of technologicalvoting, the balance between voter verification for fraud prevention and voter anonymity has been asignificant challenge to achieve. Even if a system were completely impervious to outside influence, wouldit be worth implementing if the transition required that votes could not be cast in complete anonymity?And could America ever be ready for such a transition?Debate: Death Penalty Salon 3Moderator: Kylee Borger (Orange Lutheran)Pro: Amita Pentakota (Harvard-Westlake)Con: Sophia Chen (Corona Del Mar)Resolved, that the death penalty be abolishedDeath penalty, or capital punishment, is a procedure that has been prescribed in almost every law codesince the inception of formal law itself. Reserved only for those who have committed the most heinouscrimes, the death penalty is seen by many as the only means of true retribution against the worstmalefactors of society. Furthermore, proponents claim that the death penalty claim that the currentmethod of execution, lethal injection, is painless and swift, a fate much kinder than that of the criminals’victims. However, those that oppose the death penalty have clear, cogent arguments also. They address
10. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *the concern that a single death penalty case costs, on average, a few million dollars more than a lifewithout parole case, but rarely, if ever, does a death penalty execution actually occur; in most states, adeath row inmate will not get executed years after his sentence. Amidst other arguments, the deathpenalty remains a highly contentious issue that has yet to be resolved.Debate: Buffet Rule Salon 4Moderator: Zachary Watson-Field (John Burroughs)Pro: Alessandro Bressan (Crespi Carmelite)Con: Kevin Conde (Corona Del Mar)Resolved, that Congress Pass the Buffett Rule.The Buffet Rule has become a major topic of debate in the past few years as it is a major point of theObama re-election campaign. It supports fair taxes, in which millionaires do not receive any of the taxbenefits that they currently do, and they pay a rate that is equal to the upper middle class. It was firstconceived of when billionaire Warren Buffet realized that “his secretary paid more in taxes than he did”.The Buffet Rule was an attempt to make the system fairer for everyone. At first glance, this seems like awonderful idea. After all, the wealthy do earn more money so why shouldn’t they be taxed on it? Themain answer is that most millionaires and billionaires do not make the majority of their money off a salary,and what they do make in salary is taxed like the rest of us. They make their money of investment or beingthe owner of large companies, and money made off investment shouldn’t be taxed. The argument is thatthe wealthy have already paid their taxes, and now they are just making “a little extra cash” off theseinvestments. People in favor of the Buffet Rule disregard this subtlety and simply state that it is unfair thathouseholds earning over a million dollars pay less in taxes than those earning a hundred thousand. Anotherargument against the Buffet Rule is that money made from investment or ownership of a company isgenerally streamed back into the company, supporting expansion and in the long run more employees andlower unemployment. This was the attitude during much of the Bush era, but now that we are out of it,should the wealthy be taxed equally?Thought Talk: What is the role of religion in democracy? Salon 5 & 6Moderator: Amrita Kular (Van Nuys)Religion is very prevalent in today’s society. The U.S. accepts people of all religions and is made up ofimmigrants from all over the world. Some common religions we see in the U.S. today are Christianity,Judaism, Hinduism, Islam, etc. With such differing cultures, it is amazing how the U.S. is able to containsuch a diverse number of people that coexist peacefully. There are Buddhist temples, Catholic churches,Christian churches, etc., built in all cities, and ideas are exchanged between people rapidly raisingawareness and understanding of each other. However, there are some religions that democracy doesn’twelcome and those are the ones that are “radical” and restrict certain groups of people. Discuss what is therole of religion in democracy. How do the principles of democracy influence the type of religion thepeople practice?Political Party Education St. LouisLed By: Juan Jose Vega (Bell Gardens)Come one and come all to learn about the very foundations of American politics, our political parties. Wewill begin with a very concise summary of the historical background of each party, and then move ontoeach party’s current flagship principles, and their well-known members. We will focus mainly on the stars
11. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *of our two party system, the Republicans and the Democrats. However, we will also stop over briefly tolearn a little about the socialists, greens, and the libertarians.ARTivism Chicago-DallasPro-Choice vs. Pro-Life DebateModerator: Analise Spensieri (Xavier) & Maxwell Newsom (Orange County School of the Arts)Pro: Juliette Myers (Orange County School of the Arts) Medium: VisualCon: Chris Van Dam (John Burroughs) Medium: PoetryThe debate over abortion boils down to a debate over life. When does life begin? Does it begin atconception, as the pro-life supporters like to claim, or does it begin later during a woman’s pregnancy, asthe pro-choice advocates believe? Those who support abortion believe it is the right of the mother, not thegovernment, to choose whether or not she wishes to have an abortion. On the other hand, those whooppose it believe that it is the duty of the government to protect a fetus that cannot protect itself.Whatever the case, abortion boils down to a battle of ideals – in a field where science has not yetdetermined when life really begins, abortion has become one of the most controversial social topics to facethe country.Council of Chapter Presidents Meeting (Mandatory) ScottsdaleLed By: Samantha Garfield (Harvard-Westlake) & Neema Korouri (Corona Del Mar)The COCP Meeting is mandatory for all Chapter Presidents and Chapter Coordinators. If a ChapterPresident is unable to attend, he or she must send another delegate to represent his or her school. Thismeeting is a great time for us to check in on the status of each chapter in Southern California JSA. Thosewho do attend will be able to share their ideas and concerns for this upcoming JSA year.Research Room HoustonNeed time to look up important information? What to prepare for your next debate? Or are you lookingfor computers? Then check out the Research Room!Block II _________ 3:00 PM – 3:45 PMCompetitive Debate: Genetically Modified Foodstuff Salon 2Moderator: Andrew Lindeborg (Dana Hills) Pro: Con: Valley Dallas Thompson (Marywood-Palm) Ramin Parvinjah (San Marcos) Sabrina Lieberman (Marlborough) Alexandrea Chima (St. Mary’s Academy) Adriana Montes (Maywood Academy) Susan Yang (St Lucy’s Priori) Paul Iskajyan (Mesorobian) David Gumberg (Van Nuys) Henri Stern (Mirman) Neema Korouri (Corona Del mar) Kevin Standridge (Newbury Park) Tony Person (Westlake) Eunice Lee (Palisades Charter) Erick Castillo (Amino Leadership) Josh Chittick (San Marcos) Nika Shahery (Buckley)
12. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Resolved, genetically modified foodstuff should be banned from human consumption.Genetically modified (GM) foods are foods derived from organisms whose genetic material has beenmodified in a way that does not occur naturally. More than 60% percent of processed foods in Americangrocery shelves have genetically modified ingredients. Most genetically modified crops have beendeveloped to improve yield number (providing food security for growing populations), durability(enabling foods to be grown in otherwise incompetent environments), resistance to plant diseases andinsects, and tolerance towards herbicides. The three main concerns that GM foods bring on is allergenicity(such as the introduction of allergens and toxins to food), gene transfer (the creation of “super” weeds andother environmental risks as well as antibiotic resistance) and out-crossing (accidental contaminationbetween genetically modified and non-genetically modified foods). Others include social effects such asthe domination of world food production by a few companies, increasing dependence on industrializednations by developing countries, and foreign exploitation of natural resources. Ethically, it violates naturalorganisms’ intrinsic values and causes stress for animals. The U.S. is the largest producer of geneticallymodified crops, but should we ban genetically modified foods and opt for the healthier organic foods?Debate: Hydraulic Fracking Salon 1Moderator: Edward Kim (Palisades)Pro: Charles Kong (Palisades)Con: Thomas Yaeger (Crespi Carmelite)Resolved, that a moratorium be placed on hydraulic fracking across the U.S.Hydraulic Fracking occurs across the U.S. and is the method by which oil and gas service companiesprovide access to domestic energy trapped in hard to reach geologic formations. It allows for gascompanies to reach natural gas reserves, a key source for the energy that the U.S. has today. However,there are consequences to such drilling, and extraction of natural gas reserves. Hydraulic frackingcauses water pollution in the fact that certain chemicals are injected deep into the ground, tapping intothe deep underwater wells. Because these natural sources flow in different directions, the direction inwhich the pollution travels to is unpredictable, possibly hurting the natural environment. The issue toconsider in this debate is that should the key use of natural gas and its importance to the U.S. economybe held in greater importance to its possible harm on the economy? Should a moratorium, a temporaryprohibition of an activity, be placed on hydraulic fracking for the environment’s sake?Debate: Planned Parenthood Salon 3Moderator: Valerie Edwards (Rosary)Pro: Kevin Gu (University)Con: Alysha Kundanmal (Corona Del Mar)Resolved, that all national funding for Planned Parenthood be eliminated.Planned parenthood is the nation’s leading sexual and reproductive care healthcare and advocate. It worksto improve women’s health and safety, prevent unintended pregnancies, and advance the right and abilityof individuals and families to make informed and responsible decisions. However, earlier this year, theSusan G. Komen Foundation decided to stop funding Planned Parenthood. Planned Parenthood is used 95percent of the time to perform abortion. Social conservatives are rallying together to end this organizationbecause of this, an individual going so far as to call the organization, a “Nazi Organization”. The issue thatmust be addressed in this debate is the morality of abortions. However, at the same time, the benefits of
13. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *the organization besides abortions must be addressed. Three points to consider of each side of this debateis for pro: 1. The benefits of Planned Parenthood on society 2. Women depend on Planned Parenthoodfor Support 3. Planned Parenthood should not be shut down because of abortion and it is the woman’schoice anyways. On the flip side of this debate is that 1. The moral issue about abortion must beaddressed. 2. Planned Parenthood is not useful 3. It encourages the wrong ideology about pregnancies.Debate: Legalization of Marijuana Salon 4Moderator: Yegina Whang (Van Nuys)Pro: Ahmed Shah (Van Nuys)Con: Amanat Kular (Van Nuys)Resolved, that medical marijuana be legalized nationally.The legalization of marijuana (or cannabis) has been a topic of discussion since 1860. Around 1906marijuana was labeled a poison, and in the 1920s and 30s it was made illegal in all states. Everything stayedsteady for about 40 years, until the 1970s, when decriminalization was first attempted. It has also beendebated whether or not marijuana can be used for medical purposes. In a 1978 case, Robert Randall wasarrested for using marijuana to treat glaucoma, but sued the federal government in retaliation. Manyproponents of medical marijuana argue that it is useful in the treatment of the symptoms of AIDS, cancer,epilepsy, and many other conditions. This is countered with the argument that marijuana is dangerous andthere are other legal drugs that could accomplish the same goal. Although arguably dangerous, marijuanais only as dangerous as alcohol or tobacco. Marijuana does still make other activities more dangerous thanthey would be otherwise. There is also the entire financial business associated with the drug. Marijuanacould easily be a taxable luxury, bringing in desperately needed federal revenue. It could lower currentdrug related crime rates, but also potentially risk opening a new breed of crimes and accidents. Moralityalso plays a role in the debate, between those who say that use of marijuana is wrong and those whobelieve it being illegal intrudes on personal freedom. Should this controversial drug be legalized in theUnited States?Debate: Israel and Palestine Chicago-DallasModerator: Zachary Watson-Field (John Burroughs)Pro: Kevin Standridge (Newbury Park)Con: Devin Morris (Crespi Carmelite)Resolved, the two-state solution is the most peaceful solution to the Israeli and Palestinian conflict.“Two states, living side by side in peace and security,” in the words of President Barrack Obama, is thesolution to a century-long conflict between Jews and Palestinian Arabs in the Middle East. The “two-statesolution”, as formally established by the Saudi Arabia Peace Initiative in 2007, though the theory farpredates the official proposition, would recognize Israel as a state and offer them permanent peace with allArab countries in return for Israeli withdrawal from lands captured in the 1967 Six Day War. The entireinternational community seemed proponents of this solution. However, when Israeli Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu publicly accepted a two-state solution in 2009, provided Palestinian leadershiprespond in kind and recognize Israel’s Jewish nature, the Arab world exploded in protest. EgyptianPresident Husni Mubarak, whose country had been at peace with Israel for 30 years, denounced the PrimeMinister’s statement as “scuppering at the possibilities for peace,” and the chief negotiator for thePalestinians, Saeb Erekat defied the proposition, claiming Netanyahu “[would have] to wait 1,000 years
14. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *before he finds one Palestinian who will go along with him.” In the face of such defiance, can the nation ofIsrael possibly move forward in peace? How can the international community engage the two countries inthe struggle for peace? Is the “two-state solution” the best solution to the conflict between Israel andPalestine, offering each what it wants most, namely, freedom and security? Or is there some alternativethat could better suit the needs and goals of the two?Thought Talk: Does income inequality threaten our democratic society? Salon 5 & 6Moderator: Shaun Flood (Santiago)Democracy can be noted as a system of government with four key elements which include a politicalsystem for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections, the active participationof the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life, the protection of the human rights of all citizens, and arule of law, in which the laws and procedures apply equally to all citizens. Fundamentally, all such actionscan and should be done without the pressures of income inequality. The financial security of one and thestruggle of another do not mean that one is better than or granted with more rights than the other. Themajority of America is middle class, so voting is not meant to be swayed towards one extreme or theother. Income disparities are also natural occurrences that will arise under America’s capitalistic “pursuitof happiness”. However, current income inequalities might pose a threat to our society through thepropitious actions of the government, such as bailout, towards big businesses. Also, if the disparitybecomes large enough, the public might protest for the rich to be taxed and the living standards of poorerclasses to be raised. Such supporters, such as Barack Obama, might even be judged for having socialistictendencies and a possible revolution might arise. The rising of public resentment might force the powersof our government to pass laws that for some can be considered as an infringement upon our democraticideals. Lastly, money can influence political will and power, as seen in the reform for campaign finances,which includes attempts to restrict the influence of wealthy individuals by limiting individual donations.Political Compass Atlanta-BostonLed By: Jessica Shin (University)Undecided on what your political affiliation is? Answer questions about current and politically chargedevents and issues to help you navigate across the room to determine where you stand on issues comparedto your peers! This activity will help you figure out which political party you are best suited for, as well aswith you are not.Assembly Meeting ScottsdaleLed By: Nicole Michelson (University)This meeting is mandatory for all assembly members from each chapter. We will be discussing thesubmitted planks, which will ultimately form the platform endorsed by the SoCal Junior State. Our mainplank for this meeting involves mandating secular sex education for all students, regardless of the schoolthey attend. Whoever wishes to come and participate is welcome to join as well!Senate Meeting MiamiLed By: Grant Crater (John Borroughs)The Senate Meeting is mandatory for all regional senators! Whoever wishes to come and learn more aboutthe Senate, feel free to come!
15. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Research Room HoustonCoffee Break 3:45 PM – 4:05 PMTake this time to relax or catch up on any research that you may need to do for your next debate!Block III 4:05 PM – 4:50 PMCompetitive Debate: Civil Disobedience Salon 2Moderator: Andrew Lindeborg (Dana Hills) Pro: Con: Everton Gordon (College Ready #5) Samantha Garfield (Harvard-Westlake) Neema Korouri (Corona Del Mar) Kortnee Ogbuefi (King Drew) Lizzy Steger (Villa Park) Sabrina Lieberman (Marlborough) Tae-Min/Eric Kim (Crescenta Valley) Dallas Thompson (Marywood Palm) Thomas Yaeger (Crespi Carmelite) Adriana Montes (Maywood Academy) Alejandro Lomeli (Downey) Hyun Edward Kim (Palisades Charter) Gabriela Ceballos (Harmony Magnet) Ramin Parvinjah (San Marcos) Lizzy Steger (Villa Park) Jasmine Lee (Van Nuys) Tony Person (Westlake)Resolved, that civil disobedience in a democratic nation is morally permissible A democratic nation such as the U.S. is based on the idea of majority rule. Voting is a system by which wemake our decisions and our laws. It is also how we allow the government to become aware of what thepeople want. Civil obedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, andcommands of a government of an occupying international power. Civil disobedience occurs most often inthe form of nonviolent resistance. The question to consider is, what constitutes a situation justified onmoral grounds in which a state should be allowed to resist? Three types of civil disobedience comes in theform of “integrity-based”, “justice based”, and “policy based”. The first is when a citizen refuses on theground that they feel that the act is immoral. The second is when a citizen disobeys a law in order to lay aclaim to a right that wasn’t previously given. The last occurs when the citizen breaks the law in order tochange a policy that is dangerously wrong. All three are very different controversial forms of civildisobedience. Several arguments for the allowance of civil disobedience is that it forces the government tolisten to the voices of the people, rather than the majority. A second possible argument is that it allows thevoice of the people to be heard in a peaceful manner, encouraging nonviolence. Several arguments againstcivil disobedience is the very inefficient nature of the act itself. A second argument against civildisobedience is the model that it gives to people. It gives a bad example to others, and teaches them toonly refuse, rather than actively communicate and reform a plan of action to suggest.Debate: Support Democracy Abroad Salon 1Moderator: Sarah-Michelle Escobar (Bell Gardens)Pro: Vikram Baid (Corona Del Mar)Con: Jarett Davis (Van Nuys)Resolved, that the United Stated aid all international uprisings supporting democracy.
16. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *The idea of democracy promotion is part of foreign policy adopted by the U.S. government to support thespread of democracy as a political system around the world. The strategy is in part a strengthening of theidea of liberty and justice. Because it is something we treasure and the core of our foundation, Americashould spread the love by promoting democracy in other countries. Some say that democracies mean morepeaceful countries, both domestically and internationally, and so it should be in the interest of the UnitedStates to promote democracy, which would ultimately mean promoting world peace. It is viewed as aprivilege under which its people benefit from their human rights. Democracy might also improve theeconomy by enabling countries to trade freely and openly, promoting growth and wealth worldwide.However, democracy promotion might be used for other purposes that go against the spirit of freedomand liberty. It might entail a system of unwanted U.S. involvement and needless financial expenditure onour behalf. Many say that as an entirely separate country, the U.S. should not have to interfere or imposethemselves upon a land thousands of miles away. Also, democracies are not often fully achieved, resultingin an unsteady half-way state. During economic hardships like these, should the United States aidinternational uprisings to promote the spirit of democracy?Debate: ObamaCare Salon 3Moderator: Matthew Cohen (Tarbut V-Torah)Pro: Bronte Sorotsky (Palisades)Con: Ben Beatty (Buckley)Resolved, that Congress should repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, “ObamaCare”.The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also called “Obamacare” is the newly passed healthcarebill that states that all people must have health care. Those who do not have healthcare are fined. Thereare two sides to this issue. On the negative standpoint, the PPA could be thought of as a good thing for thepeople, providing preventative care as an option. The second pro argument that could be made is thatcosts for medical help will be lowered, and lastly a third possible argument that could be made is thatbetter health creates more workers able to get jobs, stimulating the economy. On the other side of theissue, the PPA act could be thought as a mandate forcing people to follow with a rule that does notnecessarily serve to benefit everyone. The second argument against the PPA act could be that it forces aburden on hospitals, making doctors exchange quality for efficiency. The main issue at hand that must beaddressed is, does the government have an obligation to provide for the people’s health and is the PPApractical?Speed Chess Debate: U.S. Immigration Policy Salon 4Moderator: Daniel Hamidi (Valencia)Pro: David Wang (Whitney)Con: Andrew Nemnich (Corona Del Mar)Resolved: Does America’s current immigration policy violate the principles upon which America was founded?According to the Immigration Policy Center under the American Immigration Council, “historically,immigration to the United States has been based upon three principles: the reunification of families,admitting immigrants with skills that are valuable to the U.S. economy, and protecting refugees.” Thecurrent immigration policy violates America’s basic principles of freedom, opportunity, and rightsthrough the inhibition of economic opportunity and the pursuit of happiness. Many immigrants come todevelop skills through opportunities not provided or difficult to obtain elsewhere. By rejecting suchpeople, the United States essentially becomes a hypocrite to its own basic principle upon which it was
17. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *founded, namely freedom and opportunity. Families may be torn apart by the authority, which ruins theother basic principle of the pursuit of happiness. Also, laws such as profiling can be misused in the hands ofofficials, as seen in Arizona when officers were given the right to stop suspicious looking people,ultimately a discrimination against race and stereotype. However, America’s immigration policies existbecause most citizens in nation states have a sense of nationalism by which they seek to retain the integrityof national ideologies, institutions, and boundaries. Realistically, the United States cannot support andprovide for approximately one million illegal immigrants every year, even if it wanted to. By using thefamily preference system, family-based immigrants are allowed to become citizens. This is a restriction,but not a violation, towards our fundamental principles. The overall number of immigrants becomesbalanced and those with valuable skill can contribute to the overall American economy, not detract fromit. Is it not also the nation’s right to decide what is best for the nation’s people? Immigration puts aconsiderable amount of pressure on our economic system, and setting the bar to those with valuable skillcan become an indispensable right for the people of a nation.Thought Talk: Can absolute free speech endanger government stability? Salon 5 & 6Moderator: Shaun Flood (Santiago)The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution declares, “Congress shall make no law…abridging thefreedom of speech, or of the press…” With absolute freedom of speech, a democratic society of freethinkers and decision-makers, rather than a dictatorial government, takes hold, as well as the ability tocommunicate a diverse source of views to the government. Also, the freedom of speech is a means ofparticipation which can encourage consensus or compromise, facilitating majority rule, and assure thenatural rights of mankind to hold his or her own thoughts. However, some Americans have argued that therestriction of absolute free speech, such as speech advocating crime and revolution, actually makes acountry more stable, increasing the ability to maintain law and order. Discussions in dangerous orunguarded subjects, such as violence or terrorism, can be inflamed by a concept known in psychology asgroup polarization, a phenomenon that occurs when individuals’ slight or cautious tendencies towards anidea will greatly intensify when in a group and especially after a group discussion. Other restrictions toabsolute freedom of speech may include the censoring of “offensive speech to protect children, thepermissibility of banning speech that defeats protection of intellectual property, the propriety of curbingspeech to shelter personal reputation and privacy, the right to restrict political contributions andexpenditures to reduce the influence of money on the political process”. The need for peace and order insociety must be balanced with the right to express one’s point of view. As of yet, Americans are given theliberty to speak openly without fear of government restraint, but are not given the absolute right.Tap In Debate Chicago-DallasLed By: Zac Watson-Field (John Borroughs)This activity is an excellent way to practice your debate skills in a fun, more informal style. A topic todebate is selected, and the room divides into two teams- one the proponency and one the opponency. Aspeaker is then selected from each team, and they begin to debate the topic. At any point during thedebate, a member from the speaker’s team may tap the speaker on the shoulder, and continue to debatethe topic.YAB Interviews St. LouisLed By: Nicole Michelson (University) & Daniel Hamidi (Valencia)
18. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Have you ever thought about getting further involved in politics? Do you wish to influence policy on anational scale? If so, then come down to the Youth Advisory Board Interviews! Check on the YouthAdvisory Board Handout whether or not your Congressional Representative has decided to form a YouthAdvisory Board with JSA! Even if they didnt, there are some representatives who are willing to takestudents from every district in their Youth Advisory Boards so come on down anyways! The SoCalAdvocacy Department will be hosting short interviews to decide a team of JSA students to meet up withtheir Representative 2-3 times a year. At the meetings, students would be talking to their representativeor their representatives staff member about issues of importance to them. Cant wait to see you!Chapter Affairs Meeting ScottsdaleLed By: Samantha Garfield (Harvard-Westlake) & Neema Korouri (Corona Del Mar)All members of Chapter Affairs must attend this meeting to discuss our progress and to discuss ways ofimprovement. If anyone wishes to get involved or voice any opinions, please feel free to attend themeeting!Research Room HoustonTeacher Advisor Reception PhiladelphiaLed By: Tracy ThomasTeachers and advisors, please come attend the reception and receive the keys for your students.Key Distribution 4:55 PM – 7:00 PMFind your Teacher/Advisor and receive your hotel keys! Be sure to go to Century Pavilion and grab yourluggage and bring it up to your room. Then go to dinner!Regional Caucus 7:15 PM – 7:45 PMAngeles Region Salons 1, 2 & 3Channel Islands Region Salon 4Cabinet, SER Delegation Salons 5 & 6Night ActivitiesJSA Hot Seat 8:00 PM – 9:00 PM Scottsdale The audience will vote on a controversial issue to discuss. Two individuals (one for the proponecncy, and one for the opponency) will volunteer to answer questions for 3 minutes from the audience pertaning to the controversial issue. Multiple speakers for the proponency and for the opponency may volunteer to speak and answer questions, and at the end the audience will have the opportunity to vote on the issue.Talent Show 8:00 PM – 9:30 PM Chicago-Dallas Have a talent? Interested in showcasing your unique talents? Want to see people sing, draw, or even dance – come down to the talent show! There will be a panel of judges who will decide our winner, and the winner will receive a special prize!
19. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Game/Chill Out 8:00 PM – 12:00 AM St. Louis Not in the mood for dancing? That’s fine! Come hang out with your friends to relax and unwind after an eventful day!Quiz Bowl 9:00 PM – 10:00 PM New York A moderator will read a series of questions to two teams, and whichever team answers correctly first scores points. The winner is determined by whichever team can answer the most questions correctly. Teams will be asked questions about current events, political leaders and policies, and governments.Movie Showing 9:30 PM – 11:00 PM Chicago-Dallas After a long day of debating, come down and watch the Inception!JSA Ninja 11:00 PM – 12:00 AM Scottsdale Come play Ninja with your friends!Dance 9:30 PM – 12:00 AM Imperial BallroomAfter a long day of debating, come out to the dance floor and have fun with friends! Be sure to keep itclassy JSA’ers!Curfew 12:15 AM Sunday, November 10th, 2012Breakfast & Luggage Storage 8:00 AM – 9:30 AMLuggage Storage Century PavilionBlock IV 9:30 AM – 10:20 AMDebate: National Security Salon 1Moderator: Zachary Watson-Field (John Burroughs)Pro: Charles Kong (Palisades)Con: Shaun Flood (Santiago)Resolved, that national security take legal precedence over individual liberties.America has a notable issue with security stepping on people’s right to privacy. Articles come out all thetime about how most forms of modern communication are being tapped into, and can easily be used asevidence. But national security is an important standard of government, one that it has put millionstowards upholding. Currently the government has the ability to monitor any whatsoever suspiciousactivity. The war on terror bred several controversial sections that infringe on the rights of people, butalso arguably help track down terrorists and other criminals. Facebook messages, e-mails, texts, and anyother “tangible documents” are all fair game in court trials. Other forms of security are the newtechnology used by the TSA (transportation security administration) to monitor the passengers on
20. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *airplanes. In both cases, these measures have been combated as violating security, and moreover the basicrights of the people. On the other hand, while the sample is small, these innovations appear to bepreventing large scale terrorism. The United States is noted as among the countries with the least privacyfor the people, and also with a notoriously intrusive security web. Should national security rise above aperson’s right to privacy?Debate: National Debt Salon 2Moderator: Edward Kim (Palisades)Pro: David Wang (Whitney)Con: Adam Betters (Santa Barbara)Resolved, the national debt will be the largest threat to American national security. Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. Michael G. Mullen claimed in August 2010 that thesingle biggest threat to national security would be the national debt. An estimated $600 billion in interestalone will be paid by taxpayers in 2012. Debt held publicly is now equal to 70% of the gross domesticproduct. With a myriad of other worrisome statistics and trillion-dollar deficits, it’s no wonder manyeconomists and foreign policy experts alike consider the rising debt held by our country significant andfrightening. Much of this is due to the fact that half of our current deficit financing is provided byforeigners who can provide low interest rates and domestic investment, but critics worry that as US debtbecomes less attractive on the world market, perks like these may not last. According to the nonpartisanCommittee for a Responsible Federal Budget, President Obama’s long-term budget plan would allowpublicly held debt as a fraction of GDP to rise further, up to 75% within a decade; Romney’s proposal,which features a contrasting plan of tax cuts, defense spending increases, and entitlement reform, woulddrive debt up to 95% of GDP in the same amount of time. At such a level of debt, we would be requiredto spend the first trillion dollars of every year’s federal budget on existing debt in order to avoid increasingborrowing. This would disable the rest of our nation’s programs (i.e. financing for infrastructure, publiceducation, scientific research, even defense spending) and send us into an irreversible economic decline,undermining US leadership abroad, which could inspire actions by hostile nations or organizationsobserving our apparent decline.Faced with the facts above, it seems simple to determine national debt as the foremost threat to ournation; however, national debt is neither an immediate threat, nor an unsolvable one. Arguably, greaterthreats exist in our dependence on digital communications and commerce, the unsustainability of our wayof life, infrastructure breakdown, or an overbearing federal government, let alone terrorism and nuclearwarfare. Our digital way of life has made us extremely susceptible to theft of intellectual property,financial information, and identity, and while advances in technology have aided in protecting the averageconsumer from such exploitations, 1 in 6 people fell victim to identity theft last year, costing consumersand business over $50 billion. Since 9/11, the power of the federal government has expanded at anunprecedented rate in an effort to protect citizens from external and domestic terrorist threats, but theseinfringements of basic liberties such as the right to privacy, the right to bear arms, and the right to dueprocess of law have done more to create fear in the American population than to eliminate it. Violations ofhuman rights pose as great a threat to our nation’s security as any, even if perpetrated by our owngovernment. Is our nation’s financial state the most critical danger to our security? Is there a solution tothe problem of our government’s almost habitual borrowing? Or should we be focusing our securityefforts elsewhere, outside our borders to the volatile nations of Iran or North Korea with nuclearcapabilities, or inside, to our dependence on unsustainable energy and digital communications? Or are we
21. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *are biggest threat; have we, in striving to form a nation with such security, given up the freedoms wesought to secure?Debate: Definition of Marriage Salon 3Moderator: Aidan Perricone (Palisades)Pro: Daniel Shourner (Tarbut V-Torah)Con: Ryan Farhat (Corona Del Mar)Resolved, that marriage be legally defined as the union between one man and one woman.The controversy over same-sex marriage continues to be one of the most socially and legally debatedissues of the day. Supporters of same-sex marriage declare that they should be given the rights entitled toall men under the Constitution and to the right to the “pursuit of happiness”. Homosexuals are humanbeings too, so they should be given the same rights as heterosexuals, including the right to marriage. Theyargue that producing children would not be a problem as there is an abundance of orphaned or abandonedchildren. Those against same-sex marriage claim that there would be no reason to undermine thetraditionally established understanding and sanctity of marriage to appease the rights of homosexualcouples, which can lead to disruption in society. Marriage is a critical social institution common to allcultures around the world that exists for not only the benefit of couples and their children, but serves auseful purpose in the social system. Married gay couples might become even more harassed for the merereason of being married. By living together in civil union and not under a license, which constitutes oneman and one woman together, a homosexual couple can stay “till death do [them] part”. The Constitutionalso does not entertain the idea of same-sex marriage, making such an act unconstitutional. The law wouldnot restrict the intention of same sex couples’ desire to remain loyal to each other for a lifetime, so thecouple can continue to live so without being certified as married to each other.Debate: Standardized Tests, SAT Salon 4Moderator: Amrita Kular (Van Nuys)Pro: Drew Hanson (Corona Del Mar)Con: Kevin Conde (Corona Del Mar)Resolved, that Standardized Tests such as the SAT should not have a major impact on college admissionsThe SAT was created to allow college admissions staff to gauge just how prepared one is to handle college-level academic courses. Millions of Americans take the test every single year. But recently, the test hascome under fire as being racially biased, unimportant and overly emphasized. Some students are not asgood of test takers as others, test opponents may argue. Is the SAT over-valued? And if it is, is there abetter method for determining a student’s potential collegiate capability?Thought Talk: Chick Fil-A Salon 5 & 6Moderator: Kit Lee (Van Nuys)Is it acceptable for Dan Cathy, the owner of Chick Fil-A to make comments against the LGBT community.Dan Cathy, the owner of Chick Fil-A made strong comments against the LGBT community, angeringmany customers and outside sources. He spoke representing his company, confirming that Chick Fil-A hadlong since had distaste for LGBTs. There is an ongoing attack on Chick Fil-A since these comments weremade public. Cathy clearly holds the politically incorrect position, and the LGBT community has gone togreat lengths to make him aware of this. Some have even gone so far as to boycott Chick Fil-A. This attack
22. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *could be considered unconstitutional because it violates Cathy’s right to freedom of speech. On the otherhand, is it really correct for a CEO to speak publicly about such a heated subject about the rights of theLGBT community? It was certainly a poor business decision to speak out, even if he is legally allowed to.Even so, American citizens are encouraged as a whole to speak out, and high end CEOs should not bediscriminated against. Was it acceptable for Dan Cathy to share his opinions and the opinions of hiscompany in public, or would it have been better for him to have kept them to himself?What Type of Leader Are You? Chicago-DallasLed By: Julianna Joss (Orange County School of the Arts)In a world filled with various different types of leaders, it is hard to distinguish which type of leader youare. Whether you are a compassionate or aggressive leader, this workshop is designed to help you figureout what type of leadership category that suits you best. We will discuss effective ways to guide peopleand advice on what to do, and not to do. We will help you figure out how to become a better leader, aswell as a better person.JSA Musical Chairs ScottsdaleLed By: Lynn Ta (Segerstrom)In this activity people play musical chairs just as it is usually played; however with a JSA twist! When thelast two people are left out, they must debate one issue (1 minute speaking time each), and the winnergets to stay in and the loser gets out! This is a fun way to get familiarized with relevant issues while stillhaving some competition!Regional Cabinet Meetings Atlanta-BostonLed By: Sabrina Lieberman (Marlborough) & Forbes Bainou (Dos Pueblos)The Angeles Region cabinet will convene to plan our winter events. We will be discussing an AR FundFundraiser, a social event, and a potential tri-regional conference. We look forward to a productivemeeting and some great events!The Channel Islands Regional Cabinet will review and asses all CIR chapters, discuss possible Spring OneDay plans, and schedule advertising for winter congress!If anyone wishes to give comments or participate, feel free to go to your respective region and voice youropinions!Research Room HoustonBlock V 10:30 AM – 11:20 AMDebate: Google Salon 1Moderator: Fredy Ramirez (Bell Gardens)Pro: Amrita Kular (Van Nuys)Con: Allen Chen (Corona Del Mar)Resolved, that Google be prohibited from holding search records for any amount of time.Indeed it is possible to delete Internet history for an element of personal privacy, but that of course is onlyon a personal level. Regardless of what is done on any given computer Google keeps records of everyone’s
23. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Internet history. In a recent trial, Google was fined 22 million dollars for attempting to bypass securitythat was established on Apple’s browsing networks. Google executives claimed that the incident was anaccident, but the history still stands. Many will argue that holding search history records is a clear violationof natural privacy rights. While the information may be safe and away from close family members, arecord of internet history could in many cases could cause trouble for people in high positions or withgreat ambitions. On the contrary, Google history could be a useful element for maintaining security. Inopposition to the privacy argument, other places of research, such a libraries, keep records of what islooked at and when. Google history is only a reasonable extension on what has already been established asnormal. Should it be legal for Google to maintain search record history?Debate: Supreme Court Justices Salon 2Moderator: Juan Jose Vega (Bell Gardens)Pro: Matthew Cohen (Tarbut V-Torah)Con: Oliver Bassir (Crespi Carmelite)Resolved, that Supreme Court Justices should have limited termsThe position of Supreme Court justice fosters a naturally longer span than most other political reason for avariety of reasons. First off, a justice cannot be voted out, and for all intensive purposes maintainscomplete and utter immunity to any claims against them, simply because they functionally cannot losetheir job. They are arguably isolated from the people they are supposed to represent. A justice cannoteven be forced to share some justification on their opinions. This has caused many independent groups tosuggest limiting the term of the justice. It is argued that having a more frequent changing of justices wouldallow for a more balanced jurisdiction. On the contrary, justices generally will rule similarly to theirprecedents. This creates a sort of organization and unification, but also causes the judgment to becomemore mechanical, without much consideration for the new changing ways of the United States. The issuehas become even clearer as in recent years justices have had more and more power over importantdecisions. Should the current average term of 26 years be limited to be more on par with other positionsof equal rank?Debate: Abolishing Boy Scouts Salon 3Moderator: Sarah-Michelle Escobar (Bell Gardens)Pro: Charles Kong (Palisades)Con: David Taylor (Valencia)Resolved, that organizations such as the Boy Scouts should be abolished.According to it’s mission statement, the Boy Scouts of America seeks “to prepare young people to makeethical and moral choices over their lifetimes by instilling in them the values of the Scout Oath and Law,”which determine a scout to be “trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous, kind, obedient, cheerful,thrifty, brave, clean, and reverent,” and “physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.”Controversy has arisen over the past two decades, as societal acceptance of the LGBTQ community hasincreased, over the BSA’s discriminatory policy prohibiting homosexual members and leaders. Since 1991openly homosexual individuals have officially prohibited from leadership positions in the BSA. A PositionStatement made that year states: “[The Boy Scouts of America believes] that homosexual conduct isinconsistent with the requirement in the Scout Oath that a Scout be morally straight... and thathomosexuals do not provide a desirable role model for Scouts.” The BSA’s policies have been sharplycontrasted to the plethora of other American youth organizations which do not support policies excluding
24. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *homosexuals and atheists, such as the Girl Scouts of the USA, 4-H, and the BSA’s own Learning for Lifeprogram. Public outcry against the BSA’s policy has dramatically increased, and recently the BSA’s largestcorporate donor, Intel, officially withdrew its support from troops discriminating against homosexuals.However, litigation over membership policies of the BSA have consistently resulted in rulings in favor ofthe scouting organization. Particularly, the Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, in which the Supreme Courtruled in 2000 that the BSA’s constitutional right to freedom of association gave them the authority to setmembership standards as a private organization. In response to the Supreme Court ruling, much of thedebate shifted to the BSA’s relationship with the government; historically, the Boy Scouts of America hasbeen granted preferential access to government resources like lands and facilities, and in certainmunicipalities, the conditions of the BSA’s preferential access to public and nonpublic governmentalresources have become controversial when the BSA’s policies come in conflict with local or state non-discrimination ordinances. The federal government has mandated, in light of these conflicts, that BSA units still be given equalaccess to local and state-level governmental resources. Still, a number of public entities have canceledcharitable donations that had historically been granted to the BSA. These public cessations of support havebeen responded to with both expressions of affirmation and condemnation of the Boy Scouts of America,and organizations on both sides of the argument have waged wars of publicity and litigation for theircauses. Yet the BSA maintains the policy is the “absolute best” for the organization and makes no effort toconceal their discrimination. Should an organization with such influence over our youth be allowed todiscriminate based on sexual orientation? Should the government intervene on behalf of the youth, despitethe courts rulings concerning private organizations such as the BSA? Or should the Boy Scouts of Americabe permitted to continue their policies of discrimination based on sexual orientation undeterred?Debate: News Media Outlets Salon 4Moderator: Aidan Perricone (Palisades)Pro: Kevin Gu (University)Con: Amanat Kular (Van Nuys)Resolved, that major media news outlets be required to declare their political stance.To some it seems obvious that the news on television is almost always biased to one side or another, butmany people still fail to notice. This lack of knowledge can be explained by the fact that most people donot carefully analyze everything their TV is telling them. It’s very easy to listen to a short snippet andbelieve that everything said is a fact, a perfect summary of what it represents. The truth is that the averagestory is around two minutes, and much of what is said has been compressed and twisted. Requiring newsoutlets to declare a political stance could be the solution to the problem, where everyone would knowright up front what kind of information they were dealing with. On the other hand, forcing a declaredpolitical stance could bring even more separation to the parties. People would be tempted to only watchnews on their side of the political spectrum, creating a cycle in which everyone slowly becomes moreradical and more divided. Should the media state which side they are on, or should it be left up to thepeople to judge the content for themselves?Thought Talk: What will be the role of third parties in American Politics? Salon 5 & 6Moderator: Paul Yoon (John Burroughs)While third parties candidates pose a virtually nonexistent threat to presidential candidates from the twomain parties, third parties have played arguably pivotal roles in influencing politics in the 20th-21st
25. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *centuries. Over the years, 3rd parties have influenced important legislation. For example The Prohibitionand Socialist Parties supported the 19th Amendment, which granted universal suffrage, in the late 1800sbefore its passage in 1916. The Populist Party and The American Know-Nothing Parties influencedImmigration Acts that were passed as well. In fact, the Free Soil 3rd party was absorbed by the present-day Republican Party and to later run Abraham Lincoln for office. The questions now, however, that areposed are: Do thirds parties play a significant role in politics today? Are they just smaller factions of the 2main political parties with singular, highly streamlined, or radical goals? Are they necessary in politicstoday? Are they being overlooked to quickly?Drafting A New Nation Chicago-DallasLed By: Jessica Shin (University)After a horrendous world war, nations have been destroyed and all of the once great civilizations are nowgone and a thing of the past. All that you have left are a confused and lost population that has been throwntogether, racial and cultural barriers have been pushed aside in order for survival, and a barren landscapewhich can bear sustenance, if given with the proper care. Now you and your fellow leaders will decidehow to run and organize the New World. Will you decide to split up the world into city-states, like theGreeks did, or would you create a centralized empire, like the Chinese? Be sure to explore differentpolitical options and take into consideration the socioeconomic patterns of our history. May the odds beever in your favor.Crisis Scenario Atlanta-BostonLed By: Kylee Borger (Orange Lutheran)In the year 2012, Iran has launched an attack on Israel and has gained the support of several other Arabnations. The world is on the brink of war, and the United States must find a way to navigate itself throughthis disaster. How would you handle this situation? You will be placed in various roles ranging from thePresident to the Head of the CIA. Figure out a plan to help America deal with what will possibly be WorldWar III.Summer Programs Information Meeting ScottsdaleLed By: Juliette Myers (Orange County School of the Arts)At this informational meeting, you will have the opportunity to hear from people who went to JSASummer School and about the amazing programs at Georgetown, Princeton, Stanford, and the CapitalNormal University in Beijing. Find out how you can earn an entire semester of high school credit learningabout United States politics and government, while living on these college campuses with students fromaround the world!Research Room HoustonBlock VI 11:30 AM – 12:20 PMSpeed Chess Debate: Capitalism Salon 1Moderator: Thomas Yaeger (Crespi Carmelite)Pro: Andrew Larson (Corona Del Mar)Con: Joe Rayos (Crespi Carmelite)
26. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *Resolved, that capitalism is the best economic policy in theory.The United States currently has adopted a Capitalistic standpoint regarding economics, politics, etc.Capitalism is an economic system based on private ownership of the means of production and the creationof goods and services for profit. This system allows for competitive markets, wage labor, and statecapitalism. In other words, capitalism is a profit driven theory that thrives on competition. In essence whatcapitalism stands for is economic freedom, the right for individuals for to pursue his or her financial goalswithout governmental interference. On the flip side of the debate, capitalism has its faults as well. Threefaults that it proposes is that capitalism leaves too much power in the hands of the wealthy, who hoardtheir money depriving the poor of that income, it attempts to regulate society, and lastly, it is much tooexpensive of a system to maintain. Rather than focusing on the faults of capitalism, should society focusmore on providing education? What role does capitalism in every day society and who is affected? Arethere any impacts?Debate: Distribution of Tax Dollars Salon 2Moderator: Edward Kim (Palisades)Pro: Anthony MartinezCon: Alessandro BressanResolved, that the distribution of tax dollars should be decided in part by public voting.Offering people the option to fill out their tax forms to designate where their tax dollars go can become away to make people supportive, or at the very least a little more willing, to pay their taxes. As ademocracy, the voice the people would be heard and complaints would be lessened if decisions were madeby the majority for general will of the people. Tax season might become a time to discuss aspects of thegovernment and the merits of funding them. Is not the reason for the American Revolution primarilybecause of “taxation without representation”? Similarly, the American people should decide where theirhard-earned money should go. However, this choice could be detrimental to essential, but possiblydisregarded programs or vocations to become unfunded. Furthermore, politicians and accountants decidehow much every governmental program will be budgeted, and the general fund would be split upaccording to how much each program needs to reach prior budgeting, making almost no difference to howthe tax dollars will be spent. Instead of sifting through every taxpayer’s specific funding requests everyyear, the government instead grants the American people the right to vote in an elected official to makesuch decisions, a concept called representative democracy. This system works based on the idea of aunited nation working together under the laws such as justice and social security.Debate: China’s Human Rights Violations Salon 3Moderator: Giovannia Partida (Bell Gardens)Pro: Kevin Conde (Corona Del Mar)Con: Jesse Liu (Harvard-Westlake)Resolved, that the United States openly condemn China’s human rights violations.In a world rapidly undergoing great socio-economic change and modernization, China, though one of themost flourishing national economies, maintains an authoritarian one party state, one, which imposes sharpcurbs on the freedoms of expression, association, and religion on the nation’s people. According toAmnesty International, an estimated 500,000 Chinese are currently in punitive detention without chargeor trial. Chinese censorship of the Internet has increased in recent years. The Chinese governmentarbitrarily restricts human rights organizations, openly rejecting judicial independence and press freedom,
27. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *all in the name of “social stability”. Still, the Chinese are increasingly rights-conscious; citizens participatein an estimated 250-500 protests per day, according to the Human Rights Watch, in numbers rangingfrom tens of people to tens of thousands. In response, the United States’ government has “raised concerns”of China’s violations of human rights in their annual conferences with Chinese leaders, encouraging thenation “to open up the space to allow people to dissent, to question government actions, and to do sowithout fear of retribution.” However, critics say that merely raising concerns with the Chinesegovernment is a strategy of diplomatic futility. What further action, if any, should the US governmenttake to protect the natural rights of the Chinese people? How should the national sovereignty of a foreignnation factor into the actions of our government when human rights are on the line?Debate: Catholic Church’s Contraceptives Salon 4Moderator: Jarret Davis (Van Nuys)Pro: Amanat Kular (Van Nuys)Con: Matthew MotamediResolved, that the Catholic Church should not prohibit contraceptives.The Catholic Church has been opposed to contraception for as far back as one can historically traced.Viewing sex to be purely procreative, they believe any form of artificial birth control to be intrinsicallyevil. Pope Paul VI formally explained and expressed the Catholic Church’s position on contraception in1968 in his writing, Humanae Vitea, which stated he believed that such prevention could lead to maritalinfidelity and a general lowering of moral standards. But since the sexual revolution in the 1960’s, sex hasbecome more recreational than reproductive and some argue that it is impractical for the church tomaintain this view. Now birth control can prevent unwanted pregnancy and has allowed women to takefull control of their body. Also, in the event of nonconsensual sex or rape, it can prevent the woman frombecoming pregnant and bearing that burden involuntarily.Thought Talk: Does war play a role in establishing peace? Salon 5 & 6Moderator: Andrew Lindeborg (Dana Hills) War is perhaps considered to be the final resolution of all disagreement. In an ideal war, two entities fighteach other until one of them wins and assumes power over the other, after which all conflict has beensettled and there is no longer anything on which to disagree. But today war has molded into a moreabstract object. There is no longer necessarily one concrete winner, and motivations on both sides can bequestionable. Take for example the war on terrorism. It is certainly a war on some standards, in that thereis fighting and death, but both parties and their goals are much less defined. Is there, or will there ever bea clear victory that will lead to a time of peace? By now most Americans would say that the war inAfghanistan has not been whatsoever beneficial to the security of the United States, and the thousands oftroops that have died and continue to die do not indicate an end in the near future. There are howeverwars, such as each of the world wars, that have ended clearly and with a resolution of peace. How then isfighting necessary to resolve conflict, if it is at all?Political Compass Chicago-DallasLed By: Grant Crater (John Burroughs)Undecided on what your political affiliation is? Answer questions about current and politically chargedevents and issues to help you navigate across the room to determine where you stand on issues compared
28. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *to your peers! This activity will help you figure out which political party you are best suited for, as well aswith you are not.Model UN Simulation: Gender Rights in the Middle East Atlanta-BostonLed By: Jessica Shin (University)In this Model UN Simulation, we will be discussing the rights of women in the Middle East, specificallycountries such as Iran and Syria that are known to have strict, punitive views toward women’s rights. Wewill be undergoing a Model UN simulation, therefore we will have country policy and stances on thistopic, be given out during this activity – and delegates will have for the duration of this block to discusssolutions based on their respective country policy. No prior research is needed; however, if delegates wishto have prior research done beforehand, they are welcomed to do so! If you want to know more aboutinternational relations and diplomacy, come partake in this simulation!Research Room HoustonChaperone Feedback Meeting (Optional) New YorkLed By: Tracy ThomasTeachers and advisors, if you wish to come and have any questions, please come to this meeting where wewill be discussing issues related to Fall State and JSA in general.Lunch 12:30 PM – 1:25 PMGrab a quick bite to eat, but be sure to make it back in time for the next block!Block VII 1:30 PM – 2:20 PMDebate: Assault Rifles Salon 1Moderator: Juan Jose Vega (Bell Gardens)Pro: Sean Farhat (Corona Del Mar)Con: Shaun Flood (Santiago)Resolved, that Congress pass a ban on the sale and possession of assault rifles.The 2nd Amendment, which reads “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a freeState, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed,” has been interpreted by theSupreme Court to protect the possession of “all instruments that constitute bearable arms,” but “that theSecond Amendment does not protect those weapons not typically possessed by law-abiding citizens forlawful purposes.” Since this interpretation in 1939, a plethora of court cases have ruled that it validates theban of some types of weapons, leading up to a federal assault weapons ban in 1994. In the ten years itremained enacted, the ban was never brought before the Supreme Court to be challenged by the 2ndAmendment. Recently, a movement to reenact the Congressional ban; the white house stated followingthe tragic shooting in Aurora that it generally supports a federal assault weapons ban, and Congress hasbeen called to reinstate the law by the California Assembly’s Public Safety Committee. However, gun-rights advocates protest that federal legislature would not have prevented recent shootings, essentially,that “gun’s don’t kill people, people kill people.” Also, to nationally ban assault weapons would essentiallydisable any non-governmental militia from effective protection or confrontation. Proponents of gun-rightscontend that this would violate the 2nd Amendment, which they argue was enacted to ensure that thegovernment would never have a monopoly of force it could use to oppress its citizens. Should such
29. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *dangerous weapons be banned from a society striving for peace? Or are said weapons absolutely necessaryto balance the power and might of a central federal government?Debate: Public College Tuition Salon 2Moderator: Daniel Hamidi (Valencia)Pro: Alysha Kundanmal (Corona Del Mar)Con: Kevin Standridge (Newbury Park)Resolved, that the United States freeze public college tuition growth through 2020Since 1985, public college tuition in the United States has skyrocketed , reaching an approximate 559%price increase. The main reason for this are the huge state funding cuts. Though approximately 50% of astate’s budget goes towards education, when these cuts are necessary, higher education is often a primarytarget and other programs, such as Medicaid, are regarded as areas that require mandatory spending.Though tax revenues are growing again, so are state spending obligations and states will soon have to payout trillions in public pensions for the retiring baby boomer generation, which will heavily detriment thenext generations of degree-seeking students. Freezing the public college tuition growth through 2020 willtighten a state’s the budget but it will also stop discouraging students from attending the best possiblepublic school they get accepted into.Debate: Religious Political Campaigns Salon 3Moderator: Kit Lee (Van Nuys)Pro: Matthew Cohen (Tarbut V-Torah)Con: Matthew Motamedi (Crespi Carmelite)Resolved, that religious institutions should not be allowed to support political campaigns of any sort.There is one major limitation on religious institutions right now, and that is that they cannot fund anypolitical candidates, but churches and religious movements can still advocate publicly for on candidate oranother. This right is plainly given under the category of freedom of speech for the individual. Freedom ofspeech however is in this case going against another major part of the United States, that being separationof church and state. If the church is allowed to speak for a candidate, they may be swinging the votes ofmany of the members of the church, and that would be contradicting the general point of having elections.If people are just going to vote with their church, it would diminish democracy dramatically. On the otherhand, many people would hope to be more inspired by the motives of their church rather than the specificcandidate, and if they are so moved by the religion related political views of the candidates, they wouldlikely vote the same either way. Is religion a sufficiently significant factor in voting that the voice of thechurch should be silenced?Debate: Foreign-Born Presidential Candidates Salon 4Moderator: Sarah-Michelle Escobar (Bell Gardens)Pro: Charles Kong (Palisades)Con: Thomas Wall (Crespi Carmelite)Resolved, that the Constitution be amended to allow foreign-born citizens the right to enter presidential elections. The United States has been a melting pot of races, religions, and origins since it was originally beencreated. As of today, only “natural born citizens” in the US can run for president. This law is stated in theConstitution, which 39 total people signed, seven of whom were not born in the US. There have been
30. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition *cases in which this law was overlooked as well. John McCain was born in the Panama Canal region,technically not considered a natural born citizen. The senate however erased this argument and declaredhim a natural born citizen regardless. Other examples of presidential candidates born outside the UnitedStates are Barry Goldwater and George Romney. It could be argued that this legislation has been ignoredso many times and misrepresents the population of the US, and that it should be amended because of this.On the other hand, can we really trust a foreign born person to run for president and to lead our country?In many cases wealthy people who are similar enough in character to natural citizens have been able to “flyunder the radar”, but those who are more clearly from another country have been blocked. Would itbetter represent the character of the United States to amend the Constitution and allow for foreign-borncitizens to run for president?Thought Talk: Which Party had the more effective campaign? Salon 5 & 6Moderator: Jessica Shin (University)With the conclusion of what was probably the most important election in the past half-century, it isimportant to look back and analyze the road to the White House and the campaigns of both parties. Interms of televised advertisements, this election cycle involved the spending of 2.8 billion dollars on TVads alone in efforts to convince the approximate 800,000 even considered “persuadable” by KantarMedia’s Campaign Media Analysis Group. The majority of these ads, unlike previous elections, werefocused on attacking the other candidate for their faults or wrongdoings in terms of past political roles orpolicies. Likewise, the national conventions held by each party were critical in establishing the platformsof the respective parties. However, the most important moments in the campaigns were the presidentialand vice-presidential debates without a doubt. With knowledge of the entire campaign period in mind,which party do you believe had the more effective campaign and for what reasons?Guess Who? Atlanta-BostonLed By: Forbes Bainou (Dos Pueblos)Players will be given the opportunity to test their skills on their knowledge about prominent US politicalleaders. Players will be asked questions pertaining to a specific political leader, and then they will have toguess who that person is!Political Pictionary Chicago-DallasLed By: Zac Watson-Field (John Borroughs)Players are given a secret word, name, or phrase corresponding with politics or government. The playerwill then have to illustrate a picture that describes that word, name, or phrase, and their team will have toguess what the picture represents!Closing Ceremony 2:30 PM – 3:00 PM Imperial BallroomAfter a great weekend full of workshops, special activities, thought talks, and debates, our GovernorJulianna Joss will wrap up Fall State Los Angeles with a few closing remarks. And to wrap it all up, wewill be listing off the name of the Best Speaker Gavel winners from the weekend – so stick around,because you never know if your name will be called.
31. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Guest Speakers: Lynn VavreckLynn Vavreck is a faculty member in the Department of PoliticalScience at the University of California, Los Angeles. In addition toUCLA, Dr. Vavreck has worked at the White House, DartmouthCollege, and Princeton University. Her research focuses on the effectsof political campaigns, particularly the role that stable structuralconditions like the nations economy and partisanship play in light ofcampaign activities like candidate advertising, stump speeches, andcandidate visits.Dr. Vavreck’s research has been published in the American Journal ofPolitical Science, British Journal of Political Science, Journal ofPolitics, Quarterly Journal of Political Science, Political Analysis,American Politics Review, and in various edited volumes. Sasha Issenberg Sasha Issenberg is an American journalist. His articles have been published in Philadelphia Magazine, Slate, The Washington Monthly, the Boston Globe, Monocle and George Magazine, where he was a contributing editor. He is also the author of the book The Sushi Economy, about sushi and globalization, which was published in May 2007.
32. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Conference Decorum “Respect the Speaker”The phrase “Respect the Speaker” is all too often used during JSA debates, and as result ithas lost much of its meaning and significance. In JSA debates, all the moderator asks of youis to remain quiet and respectful so that the audience does the same when it’s your turn tospeak.To ensure that all of the debates create an open environment for the exchange of ideas,remember to “Respect the Speaker” by NOT… Using cell phones, MP3 players, or iPods. Talking or carrying on side-conversations. Shouting or excessively cheering to the point of distraction. Sleeping during a speech. Eating or drinking to the point of distraction. Leaving trash or loose papers lying around the room. Leaving the room during the debate. Straying from JSA debate procedures. Interfering with the moderator’s job. Room-hopping during debates.Also keep in mind to listen to the moderator’s instructions carefully during the debates.By “Respecting the Speaker” we can ensure that the debates this weekend run smoothly andefficiently.And remember the golden rule, treat others how you wish to be treated, and we will be in for a great day….
33. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Convention Dress Code Students should arrive in business attire, and are expected to dress professionallyfrom morning through dinner on Saturday, and until departure on Sunday. The below dresscode was proposed by the Southern California Assembly on February 17, 2012 and passedon April 14, 2012. The Junior Statesmen Foundation (JSA’s parent company) has happilyaccepted and adopted the entire code:General Business Attire: • Males and females cannot wear jeans during business attire hours. • No undergarments (bras, underwear, etc.) may be visible at any time. • At any time when a student’s clothing or appearance potentially endangers the student’s health or safety, or otherwise interferes with the mission of JSA, Staff and Teacher Advisors may intervene and take corrective action.For Females: • During business attire hours (each day until dinnertime), skirts/dresses must come below the fingertips when held at one’s side. • Females cannot wear heels more than 3-4" tall during business attire hours. • Strapless and spaghetti- or thin-strapped tops may not be worn unless the straps are covered by a cardigan, sweater, or shawl.For Males: • During business attire hours, formal pants (e.g. slacks, khakis, etc.) must be worn. No shorts may be worn. • During business attire hours, shoes must be closed-toe and must not be sports shoes. • Ties and/or blazers are recommended. It is recommended that shirts be button-up and/or collared
34. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Convention RulesThese rules will ensure a happy convention for the students, the teachers, the hotel staff andguests, to ensure that we may continue to have JSA conventions in the future!1. Delegates must attend all convention activities. No exceptions. Schools with poorattendance not be allowed to attend future conventions. Mid-block debate hopping is alsonot allowed.2. Students must wear their nametags at all times. If a student not wearing one, at any time,he or she will be asked to go retrieve it immediately.*Lost nametags can only be replaced with a picture student ID or a TA approval.3. Delegates must dress appropriately: Daytime = professional. Nighttime = “free” dress,within reason, i.e. no bare chests or bikini tops. Please see above dress code and beprepared to ask students to change.4. All students must attend the mandatory chapter caucus after dinner on Saturday night.Delegates are not allowed to leave the hotel after the chapter caucus.5. No boys in girls rooms, no girls in boys rooms. Students will be sent home if caught.6. Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs is strictly prohibited. If students are found ina room with alcohol and/or illegal drugs present, ALL parents will be called to removetheir children from the premises immediately, unless non-awareness of the substance isadequately proven. Smoking is also not permitted.7. Delegates must respect the rights of other hotel guests and the hotel property and remainquiet on hotel floors at all times. Delegates should not do anything to damage thereputation of the Junior Statesmen program or their high school.8. Curfew is at 12:15 a.m. At curfew, if you see any delegate in the hall without theproper “Cabinet” designation, please get their name and school and contact Tracyimmediately. Delegates will remain in their rooms until they checkout in the morning.9. All students must be completely checked out of their rooms and off of their floors by9:00 a.m.All luggage should be brought to the luggage storage area and keys turned into TA’s.Serious violations of convention rules will result in expulsion from the convention,notification of parents and your school and/or other appropriate measures.
35. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Debate Rules1. Know the topic. Although experienced delegates are able to construct excellent argumentsand pontificate them eloquently on the spot, it is recommended that first-time debaters or thosewho have less practice research the topic and have arguments prepared beforehand.2. Respect the speaker. It is crucial that every delegate in a debate respect the speaker byrefraining from making comments or asking questions during the allotted speaking period. Therewill be time for questions after a particular speaker finishes.3. Speak clearly and slowly. Presenting arguments in front of a large audience, especially a JSAcrowd, is nerve-wrecking the first few times. However, the key is to calm down. By doing so, aspeaker will be less likely to simply rush through his or her speech in such a way that no one cancomprehend it.4. Present something new. This primarily applies to subsequent speakers. The role of asubsequent speaker is to present a different argument than that of the main speaker that will give anew dimension to the position and refute some of the opposing argument’s points.5. Word your questions carefully. When the time comes for the audience to question thespeaker, it is important that any question asked is succinct and actually a question. If a question istoo long-winded, the speaker will not be able to understand the gist of it and answer it. Also, aquestion can be used to support a particular argument or speaker if worded correctly.6. Learn the Parliamentary Procedure. Many times in a debate, there will be occasions whenthere is too little time or too much time. In such instances, knowing the motions listed in Robert’sRules of Order, Revised will allow a particular speaker’s time to be lengthened or a debate to beshortened overall.
36. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Debate Procedures Speaker Time Main Proponent – Opening 6 minutes Main Opponent – Opening 6 minutes Subsequent Proponent 3 minutes Subsequent Opponent 3 minutes Main Opponent – Closing 3 minutes Main Proponent – Closing 3 minutesThe subsequent speakers will present in an alternating order (pro, con, pro, con, etc.) until the timeallocated for subsequents has elapsed. There is no limit to the number of subsequents, as long as there is enoughtime for the closing statements and there is a pair of both con and pro.Any speaker who finishes before 3 minutes may use the remaining time to “yield the time to questions”,“yield to another speaker” (on the same side of the issue), or “yield the time to the chair”. If there are nomore questions or speakers, the speaker has concluded.If a speaker runs out of time to answer a question or finish his or her speech, one person from the floorwill be able to “motion to extend speaker’s time by ___ minutes” or “motion to extend speaker’s time toanswer the question”.All speakers should identify themselves by name and high school at the beginning of the speech.Debates should be concluded ten minutes prior to the scheduled end of the session. At that time, themoderator will ask the original main con and pro to give a closing speech. Closing speakers may notentertain questions or yield to another speaker.Following closing speeches, the house moves to a vote on the resolution and the chair announces theresults.
37. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Competitive Debate RulesEach competitive debate assigns certain schools to speak, either pro or con.Procedure 1. At the beginning of the debate, students from each respective school will be called to the front to sign in with the moderator. 2. The resolution is read, followed by the rubric of the scoring judges. 3. Proponency goes first – 3 minutes 4. Opponency goes next – 3 minutes 5. The Pro/Con speakers will alternate. (We try to go from lowest to highest experience) 6. After every single speech, the judges will give feedback on the different elements of the speech. 7. At the very end, the judges will tally the points on the rubric and award the Best Speaker at closing. 123 4 5 6 7 8 9 10IntroductionExpository-InformativeDiction-precise, distinctFluency-understandablePresentationPoise/Facial ExpressionsVocal VariationGestures and MovementsWell OrganizedInterestingBody, ContentEye ContactPersuasiveConfidentConclusion
38. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Speed Chess RulesThis form of debate is similar to the classic debate, but the openingsare run similar to a game of speed chess.The pro and con speakers are able to tag one another (with a bang ofthe gavel) and take turns speaking about their position on aresolution.Speed Chess allows the main speakers to quickly respond to eachother after stating their points! Opening Main Pro goes first, then after giving a statement, she or he bangs the - 6 minutes in total - gavel, “tagging” the Main Con to give a remark, and then so forth. Subsequent Speakers Multiple pairs of subsequent speakers are allowed to go, for as long as- 3 minutes per speaker - time permits. Con Closing The Main Con can either rebut the previous arguments or restate his - 4 minutes - or her positions, without any interruptions. Pro Closing The Main Pro is now able to either rebut the previous arguments or - 4 minutes - restate his or her position, without any interruptions as well.
39. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Mock Supreme CourtParticipants:Chief Justice: will lead the proceedings and the deliberation8 Associate Justices: will question the lead attorneys and vote at the end of the caseLead Attorney Petitioner: will present the case of the person or organization petitioning thecourt. In this case, the lead attorney petitioner will argue that the petitioner, Abigail Noel Fisher,was wronged by the University of Texas.Lead Attorney Respondent: will present the case of the respondent, the University of Texas,in defense of their affirmative action policy.Discussion Leader: will lead a short discussion with the audience while the Justices deliberate.Proceedings: 1. Lead Attorney Petitioner 10 minutes to give prepared remarks 2. Lead Attorney Petitioner 10 minutes to answer questions from Justices 3. Lead Attorney Respondent 10 minutes to give prepared remarks 4. Lead Attorney Respondent 10 minutes to answer questions from JusticesAfter the questions have been asked, the Justices should leave the room to deliberate for 10-15 minutes. During this time, they will inform the Chief Justice on how they will vote.They will appoint one Justice who voted in the majority to explain the “majority opinion”and one Justice who voted in the minority to explain the “minority opinion.”After deliberating, the Justices can return to the room and the Chief Justice reports the votetally. One Justice has 2 minutes to explain the majority opinion and another Justice has2 minutes to explain the minority opinion.
40. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Places to Eat Name Location Walking Time (One-Way) 5625 West Century Boulevard Carl’s Jr. Los Angeles, CA 90045 5 Minutes (310) 216-9306 9601 Airport Boulevard Burger King Los Angeles, CA 90045 6 Minutes (310) 868-6056 5535 West Century Boulevard Denny’s Los Angeles, CA 90045 7 Minutes (310) 410-1712 6151 West Century Boulevard Subway Los Angeles, CA 90045 10 Minutes (310) 645-5630 901 South La Brea Avenue Domino’s Pizza Inglewood, CA 90301 Deliver (310) 677-1900 5757 West Century Boulevard Trimana Los Angeles, CA 90045 2 Minutes (310) 631-0699• Remember to calculate the amount of time it takes to commute back and forth.• It is everyone’s responsibility to make it back in time!
41. * Fall State Los Angeles 2012 * * Crafting a More Perfect Union: A Nation in Transition * Summer Programs * Summer 2013 *Although Summer 2012 just ended, you can already start planning for Summer 2013! JSA is a year-round program, with other outstanding options continuing into the summer.Junior Statesmen Summer School:Experience the unique opportunity of living in dorms at Stanford, Princeton, Georgetown, andintroducing APUSH at University of VA, where you will have the ability to take and receive creditfor AP classes taught by some of the best professors from across the nation, and befriend JSA studentsfrom all over the world!This program offers classes in politically enlightening subjects such as AP Government, APMacroeconomics, and Honors International Relations or Honors Media and Politics (just to name afew) along with an outstanding course where you will have the opportunity to hone your skills in anHonors Speech class called Congressional Workshop. At summer school you will also meet diverse,passionate people from all around the globe, many of whom become your lifelong friends. Along withtraveling to places like San Francisco’s Fisherman’s Wharf or DC’s M Street, the incredible speakersprogram tops off the quality that Summer School exemplifies. Like every graduate will tell you,Summer School is an experience and an opportunity that you just can’t find anywhere else!Junior Statesmen Summer Institute:Summer Institute gives students the chance to participate in local and state political affairs, whileexperiencing a taste of college life. Students will meet with leaders of the state, county, or city, whotake time out of their schedule to address JSA students about the issues relevant to our generation thatthey encounter in everyday political life. Summer Institute focuses on a variety of political spectrumsand allows students the chance to exercise their point of views and test their debating skills against oneanother. With interactive discussions about politics, campaign workshops, and large focus on themedia, there is no time to be bored at JSA Summer Institute. For those with a limited amount of timeavailable over the summer, the Institutes offer the perfect opportunity to learn about and live theprocess that modern politicians go through.