THE TOURISM SECTOR
The tourism industry provides products (services + user rights)
through various companies and various public and private
organizations whose main characteristics are:
* Typology of products
* The branch of anthropology that studies and classifies human types
It is that which is done massively
for all sorts of people, regardless of
their economic status so it is not a
exclusive type of tourism.
It is the most conventional, passive and seasonal.
It is usually less demanding and specialized. Here we find the
sun and beach tourism.
Is one where the program of activities and itinerary are
decided by passengers without
Tour operator intervention.
There has been an up-trend in tourism over the last few
decades, especially in Europe, where international travel
for short breaks is common. Tourists have a wide range of
budgets and tastes, and a wide variety of resorts and
hotels have developed to cater for them. For example,
some people prefer simple beach vacations, while others
want more specialized holidays, quieter resorts, family-
oriented holidays or niche market-targeted destination
Accurate historical and artistic resources for development. Is
more demanding and less seasonal.
Urban: Developed mainly in those cities that are World Heritage
Site. Customers cultural and high purchasing power.
Monumental linked exclusively to historical and artistic
monuments that can be removed from major population centers.
Archaeological: linked to deposits and archaeological sites that
may be remote from major population centers.
Funeral: linked cemeteries where there are graves or made by
famous architects or famous people buried there.
Shopping: linked to purchases or exclusive discounts. Includes
articles of luxury, art, crafts and commonly used items such as
footwear, electronics, etc..
Ethnography: linked to the customs and traditions of the peoples.
In some cases close to ecotourism.
•Literary motivated by places or events of a
Training: linked to the studies, especially the
Science: it's a tourist to do research in special
places such as biological or archaeological stations.
Gourmet: Traditional food linked to a site.
Wine: Wine linked to a zone.
Industrial: motivated by the visit to factories or
large civil constructions.
Traveling: takes place at several locations along
Mystic: Relates to tourism-oriented energy places
Theme parks, tourist attractions based on specific topics. It is
characterized by active participation of the visitor
Ecotourism: based on contact with nature. Its resources are
composed of national parks, that is, interesting flora and fauna
in the receptive area.
Rural: the one developed in rural areas, whose main
motivation is to understand the customs and traditions of men
in rural areas. He is interested in gastronomy, popular culture,
Agritourism: its purpose is to show and explain the process of
production of agricultural farms and agribusiness.
Agro ecotourism is one where visitors are staying in a room
with tourist standards, but part of the agricultural work, lives
and consume foods with the family.
Ornithology: tourism is centered on the whale and bird
Mycological Tourism: Tourism is focused on the study of
It takes place in natural areas, active tourism is closely linked to
rural tourism and usually these activities are performed in a
natural park ecological interest because they present.
The most popular activities of active tourism are:
Fishing: tourism activity is centered in the practice of sport
Sports: The main motivation is a sport. It can be divided into two
groups: outdoor sports and indoor. You could also make a further
subdivision based on practicing the sport, or who sees it.
Adventure: here only practice sports. The user of this type of
tourism usually purchasing power and high cultural and very fit
(rafting, abseiling, ...).
Alternative tourism: anyone who differs from the sun and beach
tourism or mass tourism. It is a small-scale tourism friendly
environment that includes cultural tourism, nature tourism, the
gastronomy and adventure.
Space: space travel. Are only for millionaires.
Religious: an offer or events linked to places of religious
relevance. The four major centers are Jerusalem, Mecca, Rome
and Santiago de Compostela (in the latter the Camino de
Santiago is twofold sports and religious).
Spiritual motivation is the recollection and meditation
(monasteries, oriental philosophy courses, etc.)..
Thermal or health: it is linked to spas that offer treatments for
various ailments (rheumatology, stress, skin, beauty treatments,
...). The infrastructure generally has a main center or spa system
independent of the main resort.
Medical: is aimed at linking travel with the performance of
surgical, dental or medical treatment in countries where they are
Sexual The World Tourism Organization, a specialized agency of
the United Nations, defines sex tourism as "trips organized from
within the tourism sector, or from outside this sector but using its
structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting a
commercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the
One that develops object and purpose of conducting a business or a
trade agreement is developed between companies usually.
Business: used by entrepreneurs, executives, business and other
professionals to close deals, attract customers or provide services.
Seasonality is inverted to the holiday, so it is a very important product
for the sector. The client is usually high purchasing power. This is a
fundamentally urban and tourism infrastructure needs a very specific
including high speed internet ...
Meetings and Conferences: very important and often confused with
the convention. The conference brings together a group or association
and is usually in the sciences. Professionals attending the same
industry but are not necessarily of the same company.
Conventions: usually bring different professionals of the same
company in order to inform its employees a new product, treat
strategic planning for the new campaign, etc..
Incentive: linked to business. While the latter is working, the
incentive is for pleasure. Used by leading large companies to
improve employee performance. Are encouraged with a trip
that can be individual or group.
Fam Tours: The Travels of familiarization (Fam Tours) are
trips in which journalists, tour operators or travel agents they
experience the destination firsthand. The benefits of this
practice include generating interest in the destination, that it
appears in the media, building relationships and contacts and
the possibility of creating an interest in another angle of the
story or the destination.
Began in the early twenty-first century by the very rich and
bold, the risks of loss of life in space travel are high.
The first trips were to stay for 3 or more days on the
International Space Station performed in which photographs
of Earth and Space, videos, conversations with people on the
planet, enjoy weightlessness, together with the crew of the
station and also conducting little experiments.
Several companies are working in the construction of ships
capable of suborbital and orbital flights and a hotel for longer
stays modular and affordable than at present, worth about $
Scientific tourism is a form of tourism whose
motivation is the interest in science or the need for
studies and scientific research.
Sometimes there is a need to travel to see some
reality site that is under study. Scientific tourism is
done individually or in small groups to avoid altering
the object of study in a natural environment.
Scientific tourism to the general public in developed
countries appeared to involve a more direct and
participative individuals in the knowledge of the
natural world. It seeks to provide holiday oriented
to a better understanding of nature from a scientific
point of view.
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