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Nuclear Free New Zealand

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  1. 1. Nuclear-free New ZealandJacob, Ross, Shereen
  2. 2. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)1950’s- New Zealand military personnel observed British andAmerican nuclear tests in Australia, the Pacific and in Nevada1959- responding to rising public concern following these Britishhydrogen bomb tests in Australia and the Pacific, New Zealand votedin the UN to condemn nuclear testing
  3. 3. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)1959- The NZ Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament is formed inChristchurchearly 1960’s- CND in New Zealand organized protests regardingFrench atmospheric nuclear tests at Mururoa atoll in FrenchPolynesia1963- CND organizes a petition “No Bombs South of the Line”advocating a nuclear-free southern hemisphere
  4. 4. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)1963- British, American and Soviet governments agreed to banatmospheric tests with the Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT)1964- France transfers its testing to Moruroa Atoll, French Polynesia
  5. 5. Early 1970s - 3rdLabour Government “Independent” foreign policy Self-reliance Protests against French nuclear testing
  6. 6. “I believe that to base our foreignpolicies on moral principles is themost enlightened form of self-interest. What is morally right islikely to be politically right” -Norman Kirk
  7. 7. 1972-3 - protestsagainst theFrench The Vega sails into the test zone France goes to court Otago and Canterbury Other New Zealand yachts sail in protest
  8. 8. 1975-84 - 3rdNationalGovernment Defense force, alliances Close economic relations with Australia Asia and Middle East
  9. 9. Protests against ship visits 1976 - USS Truxtun and USS Long Beach 1978 - USS Pintado 1979 - USS Haddo 1978 - 32% opposition to nuclear-armed ships 1983 - 72%
  10. 10. 1984 - 4th Labour GovernmentNuclear free policy
  11. 11. “There’s only one thing worsethan being incinerated by yourenemies, and that’s beingincinerated by your friends” -David Lange
  12. 12. 1984 USSBuchananAmericansrequested a visit toNZ by the guidedmissile destroyer“Not nucleararmed”“Near-uncertaintywas not nowenough for us”
  13. 13. ANZUS
  14. 14. “New Zealandis a friend, not an ally.” -
  15. 15. “Ensure the ability of the Earth tonurture life in all its diversity”
  16. 16. Rainbow Warrior
  17. 17. Tant pis (too bad)1985
  18. 18. Treaty of Rarotonga - 1985 South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty
  19. 19. New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act - 1987
  20. 20. InternationalCourt of JusticeRules in favourof NZ - 1996France stops nuclear testing in the SouthPacific
  21. 21. Works Citedhttp://www.nzhistory.net.nz/politics/nuclear-free-new-zealand/ship-visitshttp://www.nzhistory.net.nz/timeline/7/7http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/1/story.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10491916http://www.recreationaccess.org.nz/files/history_rec_sport.htmlhttp://www.spear.govt.nz/documents/publications/significant-policy-events-report.pdf

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