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Nuclear Free New Zealand

Nuclear Free New Zealand


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  • 1. Nuclear-free New ZealandJacob, Ross, Shereen
  • 2. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)1950’s- New Zealand military personnel observed British andAmerican nuclear tests in Australia, the Pacific and in Nevada1959- responding to rising public concern following these Britishhydrogen bomb tests in Australia and the Pacific, New Zealand votedin the UN to condemn nuclear testing
  • 3. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)1959- The NZ Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament is formed inChristchurchearly 1960’s- CND in New Zealand organized protests regardingFrench atmospheric nuclear tests at Mururoa atoll in FrenchPolynesia1963- CND organizes a petition “No Bombs South of the Line”advocating a nuclear-free southern hemisphere
  • 4. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)1963- British, American and Soviet governments agreed to banatmospheric tests with the Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT)1964- France transfers its testing to Moruroa Atoll, French Polynesia
  • 5. Early 1970s - 3rdLabour Government “Independent” foreign policy Self-reliance Protests against French nuclear testing
  • 6. “I believe that to base our foreignpolicies on moral principles is themost enlightened form of self-interest. What is morally right islikely to be politically right” -Norman Kirk
  • 7. 1972-3 - protestsagainst theFrench The Vega sails into the test zone France goes to court Otago and Canterbury Other New Zealand yachts sail in protest
  • 8. 1975-84 - 3rdNationalGovernment Defense force, alliances Close economic relations with Australia Asia and Middle East
  • 9. Protests against ship visits 1976 - USS Truxtun and USS Long Beach 1978 - USS Pintado 1979 - USS Haddo 1978 - 32% opposition to nuclear-armed ships 1983 - 72%
  • 10. 1984 - 4th Labour GovernmentNuclear free policy
  • 11. “There’s only one thing worsethan being incinerated by yourenemies, and that’s beingincinerated by your friends” -David Lange
  • 12. 1984 USSBuchananAmericansrequested a visit toNZ by the guidedmissile destroyer“Not nucleararmed”“Near-uncertaintywas not nowenough for us”
  • 13. ANZUS
  • 14. “New Zealandis a friend, not an ally.” -
  • 15. “Ensure the ability of the Earth tonurture life in all its diversity”
  • 16. Rainbow Warrior
  • 17. Tant pis (too bad)1985
  • 18. Treaty of Rarotonga - 1985 South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty
  • 19. New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act - 1987
  • 20. InternationalCourt of JusticeRules in favourof NZ - 1996France stops nuclear testing in the SouthPacific
  • 21. Works Citedhttp://www.nzhistory.net.nz/politics/nuclear-free-new-zealand/ship-visitshttp://www.nzhistory.net.nz/timeline/7/7http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/1/story.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10491916http://www.recreationaccess.org.nz/files/history_rec_sport.htmlhttp://www.spear.govt.nz/documents/publications/significant-policy-events-report.pdf