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Buddhism pba
Buddhism pba
Buddhism pba
Buddhism pba
Buddhism pba
Buddhism pba
Buddhism pba
Buddhism pba
Buddhism pba
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Buddhism pba

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  • 1. Chapter 4 PBA: An Introduction to Buddhism By Hanna Hicks Ms. McEachen's AP World History
  • 2. --Buddhism is a religion and philosophy which focuses primarily on personal spiritual development and the attainment of insight into the true nature of life -- Buddhists believe that all life is interconnected and therefore sacred -- Compassion is the most important tenet of Buddhist belief -- The goal of practicing Buddhism-- which is done mainly through meditation , morality , and mindfulness -- is to eventually reach Enlightment, nirvana , and end the cycle of rebirth which all living things go through -- Buddhists do not hold a belief in any god-- contrary to the misconceptions of some Westerners, the Buddha himself is not regarded as a god but as an honored Bodhisattva , an Enlightened teacher who helps others achieve their own Enlightment Basic Buddhist Beliefs
  • 3. Beginnings of Buddhism -- Siddhartha Gautama was born almost 2,500 years ago in what is now Nepal. He was born a wealthy prince, but went on to become a great spiritual leader after he reached Enlightment while meditating under a Bodhi tree and became a Buddha– an enlightened person who understands the wisdom and true nature of the world. -- The Buddha spent his long life tirelessly traveling and teaching others what he had learned so that they, in turn, could reach Enlightment. Though he began life as a Hindu, the Buddha rejected the caste system and several other primary Hindu beliefs-- his Dharma (truth) taught that Enlightment is a very personal thing. The basis of his Dharma are the Four Noble Truths .
  • 4.
    • 1. The world is filled with suffering. 2. The root of desire is suffering.
    • To be liberated from suffering, 4. There is a path to end a person must free suffering: the Eight-fold Path.
    • themselves from attachments.
  • 5. The Eight-fold Path The Eight-fold Path is the basic ethical code followed by all Buddhists. Its simple tenets are: -- Right Understanding --Right Intention --Right Speech -- Right Action --Right Livelihood -- Right Effort --Right Mindfulness -- Right Concentration --Buddhists also have a strong belief in karma – basically, what good or bad deeds you do in the world will effect you negatively or positively in turn, in this life or your next one– Buddhism also teaches reincarnation
  • 6. His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet -- The Dalai Lama is a traditional religious and political leader of Tibet. -- The current Dalai Lama was chosen, like all previous Dalai Lamas, as a child when he identified several possessions among thousands which belonged to the last Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama’s spirit is believed to reincarnate into a new body after his previous life. --Dalai Lamas are regarded as manifestations of the Bodhisattva of Compassion-- wise teachers and leaders to the world’s Buddhists. -- Our current Dalai Lama has been exiled from his home in China-controlled Tibet… he leads many peace talks throughout the world and travels frequently.
  • 7. Festivals in Buddhism -- Buddhists celebrate a number of Holy Days throughout the year, especially in Southeastern Asia… These colorful festivals include Dharma Day , a holiday marking the beginning of the Buddha’s teaching, Sangha Day (also known as Magha Puja Day) and Losar , the Tibetan New Year-- traditionally, a time for great celebration and festivities. The photograph below shows a gathering of people during Losar, which the Dalai Lama himself always attends.
  • 8. Buddhism Today -- Two main sects: Theravada and Mahayana -- Estimated followers worldwide: 376 million people -- Buddhism is the world’s fourth largest religion -- Countries where Buddhism is most prevalent: Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Tibet, Laos, Vietnam, Japan, Taiwan, India, China, and, increasingly, Western countries like Canada and the US.
  • 9. Sources Cited -- BBC. &quot;Buddhism at A Glance.&quot; BBC: Religions . BBC, 2011. Web. 13 Sep 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/>. --White, Brian. &quot;Basic Buddhism Guide: A Five Minute Introduction.&quot; BuddhaNet . Buddha Dharma Education Association & Buddhanet, 2003. Web. 13 Sep 2011. <http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/5minbud.htm>. --Robinson, BA. &quot;Buddhism, based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama.&quot; Religious Tolerance.org . Religious Tolerance, 2006. Web. 13 Sep 2011. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism.htm>. --&quot;A Brief Biography.&quot; The Office of His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet . Office of the Dalai Lama, 2011. Web. 15 Sep 2011. <http://www.dalailama.com/>.

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