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20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
20.4 pba final product william cheung
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20.4 pba final product william cheung

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  • 1. The Life and Legacy ofNapoleon Bonaparte“Ambition never is in a greater hurry that I; it merely keeps pace with circumstances and with my general way of thinking” (By: Napoleon Bonaparte” By: William Cheung
  • 2. Background History—  Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 on the Island of Corsica, into an aristocratic, although non- wealthy family. The small Mediterranean Island had recently been defeated by the French. Ironically, Napoleon grew up hating France, the empire he would rule one day. While many of the Corsican rebels fled into the mountains to continue fighting the French, Bonapartes father, Carlo, succumbed to French rule and thereon began modifying his lifestyle, to match the French. Napoleon never forgave his father for completely straying from their original Corsican heritage. He later criticized his father, by stating that he was “to fond of pleasure.” Background: Painting of an Seaport in Ajaccio, Corsica
  • 3. Childhood—  Though the Bonaparte family was non-wealthy, the clan was still able to keep their aristocratic title. With a total of eight children, Napoleon lived in a state of impoverishment because of the island’s centuries long economic struggles. During his childhood, the family had adapted to the French style of dress and wore silver buckled shoes, powdered wigs, and embroidered waistcoats. Strict, demanding, and strengthened through the struggles of warfare, Letizia, the Bonaparte matriarch, focused most her attention on disciplining her children to teach them what life hardships and sacrifice was like for her. The Bonaparte patriarch, Carlo, was a representative in the Corsican parliament. After traveling to Versailles, the French capital, Carlo became fascinated with the grandeur of the French court and worked to secure a studentship at Brienne, a reserved French Academy for Napoleon. Surprisingly, Napoleon was never educated in the French language as a young child and did not begin learning the language until he was 10 years old, while studying in France. Background: Collage of a Corsican Art Painting and Painting of Ajaccio, the town where Napoleon grew up.
  • 4. Education—  During  the  early  childhood  years,  Napoleon  obtained  his  primary   education  at  an  Ajaccio  All-­‐Boys  School.  A  the  age  of  ten,  Napoleon  was   sent  to  study  at  the  College  of  Autun  in  Burgundy,  France  in  January   1779  and  later  moved  to  the  military  academy  at  Brienne-­‐le-­‐Château,  in   May.  While  studying  in  France,  Bonaparte  was  often  mocked  because   he  spoke  Spanish  and  very  limited  French.  In  1784,  Napoleon  concluded   his  studies  at  the  Brienne-­‐le-­‐Château  and  transferred  to  the  prestigious   Ecole  Militaire  School  to  study  advanced  fighting  tactics  and  weaponry.   While  at  Ecole  Militaire,  Napoleon  gave  up  his  naval  ambitions  and   focused  his  studies  on  artillery.  At  16  years  old,  Napoleon  became  the   first  Corsican  graduate  from  the  institute  and  was  commissioned  as  the   Second  Lieutenant  in  the  La  Fère  artillery  regiment.    His  high  aspirations   were  slightly  diminished  with  the  death  of  this  father  in  February  1785;   however  determined  to  succeed,  he  moved  to  his  station  in  Valence.   Because  of  the  peacetime,  Napoleon’s  post  in  Valence  was  extremely   boring.  During  his  commission  there,  he  further  advanced  his  studies  in   rigorous  reading,  geography,  and  history  courses.     Background: Edited Photos of Brienne-le-château, the town where Napoleon was educated.
  • 5. Rise in Ranks  Napoleon  Bonaparte  had  very  high  ambitions,  but   prestigious  ranks  were  reserved  for  only  people   form  the  upper  classes  in  French  nobility,  not  for   an  ordinary  soldier.  However,  the  French   Revolution  would  alter  the  social  class   restrictions  that  had  been  in  place  for  centuries.   At  23  years  old  Bonaparte  took  an  intermission   from  the  French  Army  and  returned  to  Corsica.   Throughout  the  early  1790’s,  Napoleon  suffered   from  several  oppositions  and  was  even  banned   from  his  homeland.  Finally  in  1795,  Napoleon  was   again  became  hero,  after  defending  the  French   government  from  anti-­‐revolutionary  activists.   From  this  moment  on,  Bonaparte  gradually   earned  more  and  more  respect  in  French  military   officials.  He  married  Josephine  de  Beauharnais  in   1796  and  was  promoted  to  commander  of  the   French  Army  in  Italy.  While  in  Italy,  he  forced   Austria  and  its  allies  to  make  peace.  The   Josephine  de  Beauharnais   successful  conquest  of  Ottoman-­‐controlled  Egypt   Napoleon’s  marriage  to   was  another  major  victory  for  Bonaparte.   Josephine  was  annulled  after   However,  in  1799  France  was  faced  with  the   no  children  were  bore.  He   major  concern  of  the  Austrian,  British,  and   later  married  Marie  Louis  of   Russian  alliance.     Austria.  
  • 6. Ascension to Central Power s  Preceding  Napoleon’s  return  to   France,  he  was  appointed  first  consul   after  a  sudden  coup  d’état  in   November  1799.  The  significant  rise   in  power  was  not  smooth;  however   his  political  command  skills  were   quite  evident.  The  French  power   domain  was  reestablished  on  the   continent  after  a  European  truce  was   negotiated.  Though  many  agreed   that  he  made  numerous  mistakes,   Napoleon’s  support  remained   significant,  due  to    his  talent  in   French  Coup  détat   propaganda  utilization.  Napoleon  The  military  take-­‐over  enabled   Bonaparte  was  elected  to  consul  for  Napoleon  Bonaparte  to  be   life  and  later  became  Emperor  of  appointed  first  consul  and   France  in  1804.  eventually  Emperor.  
  • 7. France Under the Bonaparte Regime “I  intent  to  keep  the  Revolution’s  useful  changes,  but  not  to  abandon  the  good  institutions  it   mistakenly  destroyed.”  (By:  Napoleon  Bonaparte)  The  Reign  of  Emperor  Napoleon  Bonaparte  was  marked  with  numerous  military  victories  and   improvements  to  society  and  and  the  nation.   Law  System-­‐Code     Government   Napoleon    After  the  French  Revolution,  Napoleon   After  becoming  Bonaparte  ruled  the  country  as  a  military     emperor,  a  set  of  new  dictatorship.  His  position  as  Emperor  was     laws,  called  the  unchangeable  and  allowed  him  enormous     Napoleonic  Code,  was  amounts  of  power.  The  government     introduced.  It  applied  consisted  for  two  National  Assemblies.  The   to  all  citizens  of  France  and  the  conquered  regions  of  citizens  first  elected  nominees,  and  the   Europe  including,  Italy,  Spain,  and  certain  regions  of  members  were  then  chosen  from  the  those   Germany.  The  Law  Codes  abolished  Feudal  rights,  who  were  elected,  by  Napoleon.  After  1804,   guaranteed  religious  freedom,  and  set  new  all  elections  were  terminated  and  the  pre-­‐ restrictions  on  French  society.    existing  assemblies  made  all  laws.  The   Link  for  more  Comprehensive  Information:    Napoleon  era  was  marked  with  the   http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/code_nap.html  introduction  to  many  new  developments.    
  • 8. France Under the Bonaparte Regime “If  the  press  is  not  controlled,  I  shall  not  remain  three  days  in  power.”  (By:  Napoleon   Bonaparte) French  Society   s  One  of  the  most  positive  outcomes  in  rule  of   Napoleon  was  the  decree  for  individual  right  and   freedom.  Nobles  no  longer  had  special  privileges   and  all  citiznes  were  “innocent  until  proven   guilty”…to  a  certain  extent.  Bonaparte  set  a   secret  government  police  force  that  arrested   anyone  without  trial  they  felt  as  a  threat.  In   addition,  Napoleon  censored  and  had  complete   control  over  the  news  broadcasts,  similar  to  a   totalitarian  institute.  Society,  religion,  and  social   class  importance  was  considerably  modified.  The   Catholic  Church  was  restored  through  the   Concordant;  however,  the  Church  never  received   Notre  Dame  Cathedral-­‐Paris,  France   their  stolen  land,  and  all  Bishops  were  chosen  by  Napoleon  Bonaparte  did  restore  the   Napoleon.  To  help  eradicate  distinct  social  class  Catholic  Church;  however  he  made   discrimination,  feudalism  was  destroyed,  peasants   were  allowed  to  keep  their  land,  and  the  Nobility  several  reforms  that  allowed  him  to   lost  many  of  their  privileges.  Though  many  of  the  have  totalitarian-­‐like  power  over  the   reforms  greatly  resembled  those  of  Louis  XVI,  church. Napoleon  did  try  to  make  sure  each  of  the  major   social  groups  benefited  from  his  reign.  
  • 9. France Under the Bonaparte Regime “It  is  now  what  is  true  that  counts,  but  what  people  think  is  true.”  (By:  Napoleon   Bonaparte) Educational  Reforms  s  One  of  the  most  positive  reforms  was  the  French   education  system.  Different  levels  of  schools  were  set   up  in  France,  beginning  with  Primary  and  then   Secondary  School.  The  third  level  of  education   consisted  of  Lycees,  military  schools  and  also  Technical   Institutes.    Education  curriculums  for  Primary  schools   remained  relatively  the  same,  but  Secondary  Schools   began  to  place  more  emphasis  on  Science  and   Mathematics.     Urbanization    s  Modernizing  French  was  a  major  part  of  Napoleon’s   L’Arc  de  Triomphe   agenda.  Napoleon  Bonaparte  invested  immense   The  monument  was  built  at  the   amounts  of  government  funds  into  building  and   repairing  canals,  bridges,  and  roads.  Various  projects   beak  of  Napoleon’s  reign,  to   were  put  under  way  to  reconstructing  the  splendor  and   commemorate  those  who  died  in   magnificence  the  capital,  Paris  once  held.  To  make  sure   the  French  Revolution  and   that  he  would  be  remembered  forever,  several   Napoleonic  Wars. memorials  of  Napoleon  were  erected,  in  addition  to   revolution  memorials.      
  • 10. Decline and Legacy Napoleon Bonaparte Decline  and  Exile   s  After  numerous  costly  defeats  beginning  in  1808,  Paris   eventually    fell  to  the  coalition  (Prussia,  Austria,   Sweden,  Russia,  Great  Britain,  Spain,  and  Portugal)  and   Napoleon  was  sent  into  exile  on  the  island  of  Elba.  He   was  allowed  to  keep  the  title  as  Emperor  and  given  full   control  over  the  12,00  inhabitant  of  the  island.  After   escaping  in  March  of  1815,  his  brief  second  reign  for  100   days  was  ended  with  the  Battle  of  Waterloo,  where  he   had  to  fight  against  two  armies.  The  British  then   imprisoned  him  on  St.  Helena,  a  remote  island  where  he   later  passed  away.     Legacy   s  During  his  reign,  napoleon  installed  two  institutions  that  are   Battle  of  Waterloo   still  in  place  today.  In  1802,  the  Legion  of  Honour  was  The  military    campaign  would  be  the   installed  to  award  the  gifted  and  industrious.  The  award   remains  one  of  the  highest  honors  in  modern  day  French  last  for  Napoleon  Bonaparte.   society.  Napoleon  Bonaparte  also  introduced  the   Baccalaureate  Examination  (BAC).    The  exam  was  used  to   test  academic  qualification  and  was  usually  taken  at  the  end   of  a  student’s  study  at  a  Lycee.  The  exam  remains  intact  and   in  utilization  in  France,  today.  
  • 11. Sources—  "Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)." BBC-History. N.p., 2012. Web. 1 Feb 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/ bonaparte_napoleon.shtml>.—  "Napoleon: The Man and the Myth." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 1 Feb 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/empires/napoleon/flash/n_myth/youth/ page_1.html>.—  SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Napoleon Bonaparte.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2005. Web. 16 Jan. 2012.—  Wilde, Robert. "Napoleon Bonaparte." About.com European History. About.com Guide, n.d. Web. 4 Feb 2012. <http:// www.europeanhistory.com/od/bonapartenapoleon/a/ bionapoleon.htm>.—  Miss Lavelle, . "How Did France Change Under Napoleon?." School History. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb 2012. <http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/ year8links/frenchrevolution/changes.pdf>.

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