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SGP - Sport Psychology
 

SGP - Sport Psychology

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  • Rowing is one of my greatest passions\n- Been rowing for all of high school\n- Plan on rowing in college \n- Interested in sport psychology \n- Possible major?\n\n*Personal picture scanned onto computer*\n
  • What is sport psychology? \n
  • Say definition *memorize* \n- In other words, mindset of athletes and what psychological factors enhance their performance or cause them to choke.\n- Also includes competitive anxiety \n-Techniques athletes can use in the competitive situation to maintain control and optimize performance\n- Sport psychologists not only studying elite athletes, but also children and handicapped to evaluate how different people participate in sports and athletics\n
  • Exercise promotes wellness and mental health\n\n
  • Mental health deals with how we think, feel and act when coping with life\n- How we deal with stress\n- Interacting with others\n- Make choices\n- Unstable mental health = mental disorder \n
  • In an experiment at Duke University\n- Researchers studied people suffering from depression for at least four months \n- Had patients exercise 30 minutes a day three times a week\n- Found that 60% overcame depression without medication \n\n
  • 60% is the same percentage as the amount of patients who overcome their depression using antidepressant medications\n
  • Endorphins: “natural painkillers that lead to an increase in the feeling of happiness”\n- No matter the amount of time you exercise, endorphins will be released causing you to feel better\n\n
  • Happiness and body peace are important psychological aspects of mental health\n- Exercise should not be considered a punishment \n- Result in negative feeling\n
  • - Mental techniques \n- Positive thoughts \n- For preparation of competition \n- Used to calm the athlete for peak performance\n
  • - The four main mental qualities that are important for successful performance in most sports \n1. Concentration\n2. Control\n3. Confidence\n4. Commitment\n
  • - Concentration: the ability to maintain focus\n\n
  • Attentional focus - focusing your attention on goals\n- Goals will not be effective unless they are tied to specific and realistic strategies for achieving them\n\n\n
  • Four kinds of attentional focus\n- Broad = allows person to perceive several occurrences at once. Important in sports where athletes must be aware of rapidly changing environment \nex. soccer player dribbling ball up field\n- Narrow attentional focus: when you respond to only one or two cues\n(ex. baseball batter prepares to swing at pitch)\n- External = directs attention outward on object (ex. ball, opponent’s movements)\n- Internal = directed inward on thoughts and feelings (ex. coach analyzing plays without having to perform) \n\n
  • Broad External: Used to rapidly assess a situation\n(Ex. a football quarterback rapidly assessing the positioning of the defensive backs)\n
  • Broad Internal: Used to analyze and plan (ex. developing game plan/strategy)\n
  • Narrow External: Used to focus exclusively on one or two external cues (ex. the ball)\n
  • Narrow Internal: Used to mentally rehearse an upcoming performance or control an emotional state \n(ex. mentally rehearsing golf putting or taking a breath to relax)\n
  • - If athlete lacks concentration their abilities will not be effectively or efficiently applied to the task \n\n
  • Choking = a pattern of behavior \n- When their performance progressively deteriorates\n- Cannot regain control over performance\n
  • 1. Important competition\n2. Critical plays in a competition\n3. Evaluation by coaches, peers and parents \n
  • Physical\n- increased muscle tension\n- increase breathing rate\n- racing heart rate \nImpairment\n- Timing and coordination breakdown\n- muscle tightness and fatigue\n- rushing\n- inability to attend to task-relevant cues \n\n
  • - Ex. to maintain concentration = set process goals for each session or competition \n- Developing competition routines \n- Night before\n- Morning of\n- Pre-competition\n- Competition\n- Post competition \n
  • - The four main mental qualities that are important for successful performance in most sports \n1. Concentration\n2. Control\n3. Confidence\n4. Commitment\n
  • - Confidence: believe in one’s abilities\n- Characterized by a high expectancy of success\n
  • - Positive emotions: most likely to remain calm and relaxed under pressure\n- Concentration: mind is free to focus on the task at hand (lack of confidence = worry about how you’re doing/how well others think you’re doing)\n- Goals: tend to set challenging goals and pursue them actively \n- Effort: winners of competitions are usually athletes who believe in themselves & teammates (ability is equal & persistence is equal)\n- Game strategies: “playing to win”\n- Momentum: psychological = allows to reverse negative emotions. skilled athletes are better able to rebound from adversity, like being behind \n
  • - Falsely confident \n- Confidence is greater than their abilities warrant \n- Performance declines: believe they do not have to prepare themselves or exert effort to reach goals \n
  • - Being so convinced that you can achieve your goals you will strive so hard to do \n- Will not always perform well\n- Essential to reaching potential \n
  • - The four main mental qualities that are important for successful performance in most sports \n1. Concentration\n2. Control\n3. Confidence\n4. Commitment\n
  • Control = ability to maintain emotional control regardless of distraction \n
  • Gaining emotional control: \n- Identifying when an athlete feels a certain emotion and understands the reason for feeling that way \nMaintaining control in face of adversity essential for success in performance \n
  • Anxiety - feeling of worry, nervousness\nTwo forms:\n- Physical = butterflies, sweating, nausea \n- Mental = worry, negative thoughts, confusion, lack of concentration \n
  • Technique used to reduce anxiety \n- Also will physically relax your muscles so you will perform better \n
  • - The four main mental qualities that are important for successful performance in most sports \n1. Concentration\n2. Control\n3. Confidence\n4. Commitment\n
  • Commitment = ability to continue working to agreed goals \n\n\n
  • Performance depends on athlete being fully committed to numerous goals over many years \n- Will reach goals with confidence, control, and concentration \n- Setting goals will raise feelings of value\n- Could include other teammates for more commitment to achievement \n
  • Commitment undermined by numerous reasons, including\n- injury \n- lack of enjoyment\n- anxiety about performance/competition \n- lack of commitment by other athletes\n- lack of progress or improvement \n
  • Intro to rowing mental fitness\n- Exercise is painful\n- Learn to deal with it, helps you in life\n
  • Rowing Mental Fitness: the application of sport psychology in rowing \n- Incorporates the foundations of sport psychology for peak performance\n- Includes erging (using a rowing machine)\n
  • - Probably the most famous rowing quote\n- Explains what rowers experience \n- Illustrates motivation and mental fitness\n- “You realize with dread...letting your teammates down by not rowing your hardest is unthinkable.”\n
  • - Rowing machine\n- Compare it to a treadmill for running or other exercise machines\n- Used especially for winter training and fitness tests \n
  • - Technical definition\n\n
  • - Test on the erg\n- Row 2000 meters as fast and as hard as you can\n- As big of a physical test as a mental test \n- Nerve-wracking \n- Intimidating \n- Can determine your position on the team (depending on the coach)\n- Weight affects 2k times\n- A heavier person will usually have lower numbers than a lighter person\n- Weight calculators (Concept2) determine what your 2k is compared to a different sized person \n- Allows you to see who is actually pulling harder/who is pulling their weight\n\n
  • Head Races: \n- Use 2 lanes and send boats off 15 seconds apart \n- No start \n- You don’t know what you place when you finish \nSprint Races:\n- High school: 1500m\n- College & Professional: 2000m\n- Up to 6 boats in a race \n\n
  • >> Small details (rigging, taking oars to dock, staying off feet, mentally preparing yourself, drinking water, not eating 2 hours before) \n>> Warm up (running to the starting line and back) \n>> Stretching\n>> Launching 30 minutes before race\n\n
  • >> Before start, you're usually the most anxious \n>> Mentally prepare yourself and calm down\n>> Must pay attention to what is going on and when your race is going down\n>> When at starting line, must get a point and must make sure you are not starting behind any other crews\n>> Sit ready \n>> Powerful and successful start will ensure a good race\n>> Start is different for every crew (common = Half, Half, 3/4, Lengthen, Full slide) \n- Gets the boat moving more efficient than taking full strokes at start\n- Power 10 or 20 at high rate (high 30s, low 40s) \n>> Settle between 30 and 34 until last 500 of race\n\n
  • - Feels like the longest part of the race\n- Lowest rate during race (usually between 30 and 34)\n- When race plan is important\n- Coxswain must motivate rowers to continue to pull hard\n- When other crews die off or pull away \n
  • - Last 500m \n- Fastest part of the race\n- Bring the rate up\n- “Empty the tank” (pull as hard as you can) \n- Entire race can change in the last 500m \n- Crews can pull away or die \n\n
  • - Rowers should be physically exhausted\n- Rowers will feel good or bad depending on how race went\n\n
  • - Learning how to scull \n- Ultimately comparing sculling to sweeping and only rowing with one other person\n- Learning essentially how to coxswain\n- Bow seat (my seat) steers and makes calls = coxswains job\n- Multitasking (rowing + coxswaining at same time) \n\n
  • - Does not include a coxswain\n- Bow seat steers and makes calls \n- Usually rowing a single, double, or quad\n\n
  • - Coach Altimari \n- Assistant at for Temple Women’s team\n- Coach at UM last Spring season\n- Unfortunately fell through because of our busy schedules \n
  • - Swept for entire racing season\n- End of season took out double for first time ever\n- Coach by John Breene (Fall Crew coach) \n- Went out twice\n- Never raced\n- Flipped \n
  • - Lost several valuable rowers\n- Rowed double with Mer in beginning of season\n- Raced in first two races\n- Placed 6th in both races\n- Rowed in 4+ for rest of season\n- Successful\n- Hard\n- Talk about Cooper\n- Talk about Nationals\n- Talk about Stotes\n
  • \n
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  • Thanks! to\n- Boat (4+)\n- Coaches\n- Mer \n
  • Throughout the entire year, I had countless ups and downs relating to rowing and exercising. Whether it was not having a good race, or dealing with injuries, I still pursued to be positive and determined to have a good year. I learned that I am most successful when I am in a good mood and practicing the “four c’s”. \n
  • \n

SGP - Sport Psychology SGP - Sport Psychology Presentation Transcript

  • During the wall-sit competition,there were probably several thoughts going through your head.
  • “My legs hurt”
  • “Why is she making us do this?”
  • “This sucks”
  • These thoughts are commonfor athletes when completing a difficult workout.
  • So, I wanted to research thefoundation of these thoughts.
  • I wanted to find outwhy people put themselves through painful workouts,
  • what keeps them motivated,
  • and what makes themdo that painful workout again and again.
  • I wanted to personally experience what it islike to do something physical out of my comfort zone.
  • And to figure out why i personally push myself to my physical limit every day.
  • Sport Psychology and Rowing Mental Fitnesshttp://www.row2k.com/gallery/pf_gal.cfm?dir=2011Winter/2010EditorPicks&start=15&label=2010%20Editor%20Picks%20-%2001/10/2011&hi=yes
  • Personal Relevance http://www.electricgallery.co.uk/uploads/images/Gallery/members/raysor/CorkBoard.jpghttps://www.sportgraphics.com/events/7/photo_browser/page/4?commit=Search+Photos&event_leg_id=&school_id=188
  • ?? ??What is sportpsychology? http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_g9DXwnwT4Ys/TQsiDVhvT5I/AAAAAAAAABg/VsTt5nVN7EU/s1600/Confused.jpg
  • Sport Psychology is defined as "the scientific study of peopleand their behaviors in sport and exercise activities and the practical application of that knowledge" - Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickgarratt/4979128644/in/pool-92467067@N00/
  • Menta l Health Benefits from ExercisEPanning, Jennifer C. "Health and Fitness: Mental Health Benefits of Exercise." FindCounceling.com Mental Health Journal. N.p., Nov. 2000. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/health-fitness/>. http://www.flickr.com/photos/malies/5572938293/sizes/l/in/pool-36521974940@N01/
  • What is Mental Health? http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mentalhealth.htmlPanning, Jennifer C. "Health and Fitness: Mental Health Benefits of Exercise." FindCounceling.com Mental Health Journal. N.p., Nov. 2000. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/health-fitness/>. http://www.flickr.com/photos/mindipic/5528692163/in/pool-36521974940@N01/
  • o nt at me y... ri it pe ers ex iv an UnIn ke Du 60% http://www.flickr.com/photos/abby_kroke_photography/5594381028/sizes/z/in/pool-37996577110@N01/ Panning, Jennifer C. "Health and Fitness: Mental Health Benefits of Exercise." FindCounceling.com Mental Health Journal. N.p., Nov. 2000. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/health-fitness/>.
  • 60% o http://www.flickr.com/photos/abby_kroke_photography/5594381028/sizes/z/in/pool-37996577110@N01/ Panning, Jennifer C. "Health and Fitness: Mental Health Benefits of Exercise." FindCounceling.com Mental Health Journal. N.p., Nov. 2000. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/health-fitness/>.
  • R e le a Endor f spe O h inPanning, Jennifer C. "Health and Fitness: Mental Health Benefits of Exercise." FindCounceling.com Mental Health Journal. N.p., Nov. 2000. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/health-fitness/>. http://triathlons.thefuntimesguide.com/images/blogs/running-on-pavement-by-darkmatter.jpg
  • Exercise should be viewed as an “ affirmation of living and a function to maintain wellness - Jennifer C. PanningPanning, Jennifer C. "Health and Fitness: Mental Health Benefits of Exercise." FindCounceling.com Mental Health Journal. N.p., Nov. 2000. Web. 15 Feb. 2011. <http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/health-fitness/>. http://www.flickr.com/photos/pedertm/4769605762/sizes/l/in/pool-85008959@N00/
  • abcdefghijklTechniques inmnopqr Sportstuvwx Psychology
  • Co nc The Four C’s en tr at Co io nfi de n nc e Co nt ro A l Co m m itm en t http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickgarratt/4978586655/ Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • o1 io n ra t nt ce o nC “the ability to maintain focus” Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • Types ofAttentional http://www.flickr.com/photos/61340026@N03/5728976837/sizes/l/in/pool-83901175@N00/ Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • oBroad External Broad InternalNarrow ExternalNarrow Internal Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • oBroad External Broad InternalNarrow ExternalNarrow Internal Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • oBroad External Broad InternalNarrow ExternalNarrow Internal Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • oBroad External Broad InternalNarrow ExternalNarrow Internal Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • oBroad External Broad InternalNarrow ExternalNarrow Internal Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • LackofMac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • xC h o k si r lo pe x c ng form ol tr ce on an ov er i n gWeinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • Conditions Leading tohttp://www.row2k.com/gallery/pf_gal.cfm?id=14&start=27&label=Editors%20Picks%20-%20Head%20of%20the%20Charles%202009 Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • PhysicalChanges andPerformance Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • Main taini ngCon centration http://www.flickr.com/photos/felixdieu/4910788369/sizes/l/in/pool-92467067@N00/ Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • Co nc The Four C’s en tr at Co io nfi de n nc e Co nt ro A l Co m m itm en t http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickgarratt/4978586655/ Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • 2x Co n fid en ce“believe in one’s abilities” http://www.row2k.com/worlds/photo.cfm?action=pf&dir=2010Fall/Worlds/EditorPicks&start=40&offset=36&label=2010%20World%20Championships%20-%20Editor%20Picks&hi=yes Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • tiv e concen posi tratio ot io ns n em o r t e ff Co nfidg Benefits of enc e am e st g oals rate gie m oms entum Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • Over-confidence y Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • Optima lSe lf-Confi dence http://www.flickr.com/photos/felixdieu/5152330283/in/set-72157625188969821/Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • Co nc The Four C’s en tr at Co io nfi de n nc e Co nt ro Al Co m m itm en t http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickgarratt/4978586655/ Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • 3 o l trl o nC “ability to maintain emotional control regardless of distraction” Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm1/
  • gEmotional :) Con t http://www.flickr.com/photos/felixdieu/5275499834/in/set-72157625507741685/ rol Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • ANXIET Y x Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
  • m RelaxationMac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • Co nc The Four C’s en tr at Co io nfi de n nc e Co nt ro Al Co m m itm en t http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickgarratt/4978586655/ Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • 4x Co mm itm en t “ability to continueworking to agreed goals” Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • Com mitm ent to Goals http://www.flickr.com/photos/felixdieu/5149667702/in/set-72157625188969821/Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • lack of an xie ury progress com t ty i nj en abo em pe pr ov titi ut of im on lac k Undermined Commitment lack of lack o f encommitmen joym ce e t by rm an teammates t pe rfo ab ou i ety http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickgarratt/4979128818/ Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
  • There is advantage in the “ wisdom won from pain Aeschylus - ” http://www.malaspina.com/jpg/aeschylus.jpghttp://www.ignatiuscrew.com/sicontent/siquotes.asp
  • ent al ow in gmR ss fit ne http://www.concept2.com/us/company/photos/default.asp
  • o“ Marathon runners talk about hitting theunpleasantness. As you pass the five-hundred-meter mark, with three- wall at the twenty-third mile ofthe race. What rowers confront isnt a wall; its a hole - an abyss of pain,which opens up in the second minute of the race. Large needles are beingdriven into your thigh muscles, while your forearms seem to be splitting.Then the pain becomes confused and disorganized, not like the windednessof the runner or the leg burn of the biker but an all-over, savagequarters of the race still to row, you realize with dread that you are not goingto make it to the finish, but at the same time the idea of letting yourteammates down by not rowing your hardest is unthinkable...Therefore,you are going to die. Welcome to this life. ” - Ashleigh Teitel http://www.ignatiuscrew.com/sicontent/siquotes.asp
  • http://www.concept2.com/us/company/photos/default.asp
  • The E rgom eterhttp://www.concept2.com/us/company/photos/default.asp
  • http://www.answers.com/topic/indoor-rower
  • Ergometer: A fitness device that has oar-likehandles or a movable bar and a sliding seat, used to simulate rowing a racing shell. http://www.answers.com/topic/indoor-rower
  • The 2k
  • R a c e s Paduda, Joe. The Art of Sculling. N.p.: Ragged Mountain Press, 1992. Print.
  • lllll Pre-llllllllll Race Paduda, Joe. The Art of Sculling. N.p.: Ragged Mountain Press, 1992. Print.
  • he Sta rtT http://www.row2k.com/worlds/photo.cfm?action=pf&dir=2010Fall/Worlds/EditorPicks&start=15&offset=12&label=2010%20World%20Championships%20-%20Editor%20Picks&hi=yes Paduda, Joe. The Art of Sculling. N.p.: Ragged Mountain Press, 1992. Print.
  • 0 0 5 l e d d M i h eT Paduda, Joe. The Art of Sculling. N.p.: Ragged Mountain Press, 1992. Print. http://www.row2k.com/gallery/pf_gal.cfm?id=14&start=5&label=Editors%20Picks%20-%20Head%20of%20the%20Charles%202009
  • The Sprint Paduda, Joe. The Art of Sculling. N.p.: Ragged Mountain Press, 1992. Print. http://www.row2k.com/gallery/pf_gal.cfm?id=6&start=93&label=Editor%20Picks%20Henley%202009
  • Paduda, Joe. The Art of Sculling. N.p.: Ragged Mountain Press, 1992. Print.http://www.row2k.com/gallery/pf_gal.cfm?id=6&start=89&label=Editor%20Picks%20Henley%202009
  • he Fin ishT Paduda, Joe. The Art of Sculling. N.p.: Ragged Mountain Press, 1992. Print. http://www.row2k.com/gallery/pf_gal.cfm?id=6&start=89&label=Editor%20Picks%20Henley%202009
  • oApplicatio n http://www.row2k.com/gallery/pf_gal.cfm?dir=2011Spring/03201stManny&start=70&label=1st%20Manny%20Flick%20Regatta%20-%20March%2020th,%202011&hi=yes
  • What is sculling? http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickgarratt/4978523499/sizes/l/in/pool-92467067@N00/
  • Emails
  • lllll Falllllll Crewlllll
  • lllllSpringlllll Crewlllll
  • application video
  • Works CitedBoyne, Daniel J. Essential Sculling. N.p.: The Globe Pequot Press, 2000. Print.Davis, Paul A., and Wesley E. Sime. "Toward a Psychophysiology of Performance:    Sport Psychology Principles Dealing With Anxiety." International Journal of    Stress Management 12.4 (2005): 363-378. Print.Mac, Brian. "Sports Psychology ." Brian Mac: Sports Coach. Sports Coach, 9 Jan.     2011. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm>.McArthur, John. High Performance Rowing. 1997. Ramsbury, Marlborough: The Crowood Press Ltd, 2004.Print. Paduda, Joe. The Art of Sculling. N.p.: Ragged Mountain Press, 1992. Print.Panning, Jennifer C. "Health and Fitness: Mental Health Benefits of Exercise."     FindCounceling.com Mental Health Journal. N.p., Nov. 2000. Web. 15 Feb.     2011. <http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/health-fitness/>.Schrof, Joannie M. "Team chemistry sets." U.S. News & World Report 121.5 (1996): 53. MasterFILEPremier. EBSCO. Web. 3 Nov. 2010. Weinberg, Robert S., PhD, and Daniel Gould. Foundations of Sport and Exercise      Psychology. N.p.: n.p., 1995. Print.
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  • oThank you!
  • l l “Don’t bunt. Aim out ofthe ballpark.” - David Ogilvy