Robotics is the General engineering science and technology associated
with the theory, design, manufacture and application.
Robotics foundations are based on: (5)
And it’s related to the mechanics, electronics, and software in the studying or manufacturing process. (5)
History of Robotics
3500 BC - Greek myths of Hephaestus and Pygmalion incorporate the idea of intelligent mechanisms. Something we would later call robots. (16)
2500 BC - Egyptians invent the idea of thinking machines: citizens turn for advice to oracles, which are statues with priests hidden inside. (16)
1400 BC - Babylonians develop a water clock named the "clepsydra." (16)
This water clock is considered one of the first "robotic" devices in the history of man kind. The water is recycled through a kind of siphoning system. (16)
700 - 800 BC - First symbolic mention of robots (automated) appears in Homer's Iliad - or simulacra as they will be called later. (16)
Components of a Robot
Power source (17)
Generally electric energy.
Flywheel energy storage.
Metal, or durable material.
Actuator – Motor (17)
Power by Chemicals, and compressed air.
DC motor, AC motor, Stepper Motor and Servomotor,
Components of a Robot
Driving mechanisms (17)
PLC- Programmable Logic Control
Image- Programmable Interface Controller
EXAMPLES OF ROBOTIC AROUND US
Advantage Of Robotic Invention
Robotics and automations can increase safety, reliability, production amount, profit, quality and quantity of products in a lot of cases. (1)
They can do jobs in dangerous situations and save lives in the thousands. (1)
They do not care about the comfort of their environment. Such as Human for instant hunger or depression have no meanings for them. They do not get tired.
Their accuracy is so high and is in the range of millimeters or even micrometers. (1)
Advantages of robots In Industry
Increase Productivity with Shorter Cycle Time. (1)
Increase Quality of Product, Process and Work Environment. (1)
Increase Manufacturing Flexibility. (1)
Reduce Scrap and Manufacturing Costs.(1)
Compete Better By Reducing Undesirable Tasks.(1)
Improved Worker Safety.(1)
Decrease Floor Space.(1)
Easy Setup for Fast & Simple Operation.(1)
Automatic Changeover for Different Products.(1)
Disadvantage Of Robot
High initial cost of robotic systems and robots. (2)
Possible need for extra space, and accommodate new technology. (2)
There must be highly skilled technical engineers, programmers and others to set up robotic systems and to prevent unnecessary future problems and mishaps. (2)
New robotic systems can cause defect and possible injuries during time. (2)
Robotic systems and robots are limited to their functions.
Robots may not respond properly in times of an emergency or when some unexpected variance occurs. (2)
Reduced less human force. (2)
The first known case of robot homicide occurred in 1981, when a robotic arm crushed a Japanese Kawasaki factory worker. (4)
There are currently 4,000 robots serving in the US Military, including reconnaissance Talon bots that scout for roadside bombs in Iraq and Pack-Bots that unsuccessfully poked around for Osama bin Laden’s hideout in Afghanistan. (16)
Electro is the first humanoid robot in the world which was debuted in the year 1939. It was created by the Westinghouse. It was 7 foot in height and was able walk and speaks. It spokes over seven hundred words which was stored in it. (4)
Nowadays there are millions of industrial robots are in use and about half of them are in Japan alone. (16)