Assessment 2 Part A


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Assessment for group 4.
Asli, Elliott, Rachael and Joy.

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Assessment 2 Part A

  1. 1. POP MUSIC“A body of music which is distinguishable from Jazz and Folk and may be used to do describe adistinct genre aimed at a youth market often characterized as a softer alternative to rock and roll.”
  2. 2. Michael JacksonMichael Jackson dubbed “The King of Pop” was born August 29, 1958 in Gary, IndianaMember of the famous group “the Jackson Five”, formed by his father Joseph Jacksonwhich hit No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1970Michael launched his career at age 13 and had his first hit with the single “Ben” from thealbum “Ben”Michael collaborated with many famous artist’s over the years such as Paul McCartneyand broke numerous records including the Guinness World Record for the longest Span ofU.S. top 40 Singles from 1971- 2011Suffered a Cardiac arrest on June 25, 2009 at his home in Los Angeles at Age 50News of Michael’s death resulted in an outpouring of public grief and sympathy.Memorials to Jackson were erected around the worldHis children accepted a Posthumous Lifetime Achievement award for their father at theGrammys.
  3. 3. Britney SpearsBorn March 27, 1970During her first decade in the music industry she became aprominent figure in mainstream popular music and popularcultureHer albums “Baby One More Time” and “Oops I Did It Again”became the best selling albums by a teenage solo artistSpears was established as a pop icon and credited withinfluencing the revival of teen pop during the late 90’sHer work has seen her earn various awards and accoladesincluding nine Billboard Music AwardsThroughout her career spears has drawn inspiration fromartists such as Madonna and Janet Jackson in forms of vocals,chorography and stage presence.
  4. 4. LISTENHERE!70’s 80’s 90’s TODAYJoy to the World Eye of the tiger This boy is mine Let me love youSilly love songs Like a virgin Smooth Hollaback girlStayin Alive Flash dance Un-break my heart Just give me a reasonCome back and finish what youstartedIslands in the stream Are you mine Gold diggerThe way we were Uptown girl I want you back The fearWatch “Let MeLove You” by Neyoon YouTube byopening thehyperlink below “Un-breakMy Heart” byToni Braxton onYouTube by openingthe hyperlink below “Eye of theTiger” by Survivor byopening the hyperlinkbelow “Stayin’ Alive”by The Bee Gees onYouTube by openingthe hyperlink below
  6. 6. Many of us have a love hate relationship with Rock music. I never actuallyrealised that some of the songs I listen to from the 60s and 70s were in factclassified as Rock. I have now come to the understanding that there is a hugearray of Rock genres, 81 different types to be precise.Something most people may not realise is that the exact period when rockmusic first started is not known. There were rock and roll elements in countrywestern songs as far back as the 20s and 30s. But it was in full swing by thetime the 1950s came around. ( 2007)According to the All Music Guide, "In its purest form, Rock & Roll has threechords, a strong, insistent back beat, and a catchy melody. Early rock & rolldrew from a variety of sources, primarily blues, R&B, and country, but alsogospel, traditional pop, jazz and folk. All of these influences combined in asimple, blues-based song structure that was fast, danceable, and catchy."
  7. 7. ELVIS PRESLEYShort Biography of Elvis PresleyBorn in Tupelo, Mississippi, on January 8 1935 Elvis Aaron Presleywas the only child of Vernon and Gladys. Known to many as theKing of Rock and Roll, Elvis Presley was an international sensation.He began his singing career with Sun Records in Memphis. At age20 he had a "sound and style that uniquely combined his diversemusical influences and blurred and challenged the social and racialbarriers of the time". (Elvis Presley Enterprises, Inc. 2013)He was the star of 33 successful films, was frequent on televisionshows, he had many record-breaking live concert tours. He has soldover one billion records worldwide, which is more than any otherartist in history. He was fortunate enough to receive many awardsand accolades including 14 Grammy nominations.At age 42 Elvis Presley passed away at his home in Memphis. Heleft behind a legacy and a record that many artists aspire to achieve.He is often regarded as being one of the most important figures oftwentieth century pop culture. (Elvis Presley Enterprises, Inc. 2013)
  8. 8. RED HOT CHILLI PEPPERSShort Biography of Red Hot Chilli PeppersCommonly classified as a funk rock band the Red Hot ChiliPeppers formed in Los Angeles, California in 1983. They havebeen one of the most influential rock groups throughout the yearsand are still pushing the music boundaries. The band has seendifferent members come and go throughout their illustrious 30 yearcareer in which they have sold over 80 million recordsworldwide, and have won seven Grammy Awards.Tony Flow and the Miraculously Majestic Masters of Mayhem wasthe original band name that was used when they initially formed fora one-off support act for a friends band. They renamed themselvesRed Hot Chili Peppers and played at a handful of clubs in LosAngeles in 1983 before being signed to EMI Records. (Last.fmLtd, 2013)The band has seen over 14 members in its long career. Therehave however been two members of the band who have stuck itout. They are the bands founder Anthony Kiedis and his long timefriend Flea. It wasnt until the early 90s that the band reachedinternational success and broke into the mainstream musicindustry.
  9. 9. TOP ROCK SONGS THROUGOUTHISTORY70’s 80’s 90’s TODAYOn an On Rebel yell Smells like teenspiritBy crooked stepsLoves theme Hungry like a wolf Losing my religion Black chandelierEverything I own Head over heals Jeremy My god is the SunPoetry man Send me an angel Under the bridge Bad RainI need you Talk dirty to me Wonderwall When a blindman cries hear “Smells Like Teen Spirit” by Nirvanaopen the following hyper link:To hear “Black Chandelier” by Biffy Clyro openthe following hyper link:LISTEN HERETo hear “Rebel Yell” by Billy Idol open thefollowing hyper link:To hear “Loves theme” by Barry White open thefollowing hyper link:
  11. 11. Jazz“What a Wonderful World” – Louis ArmstrongThen and nowBorn from Blues, Folk, March and Ragtime, Jazz music rosefrom New Orleans in the early 1900’s and has continued toevolve ever since. Originating when American and Englishclassical music integrated with African songs from thoseforced into slavery. It is impossible to pinpoint a specificdefinition of the music itself because it is full of manyflavours.
  12. 12. How do we define Jazz – or do we?jazz (jz)n.1. Music. a. A style of music, native to America, characterized by a strong but flexible rhythmicunderstructure with solo and ensemble improvisations on basic tunes and chord patterns and, morerecently, a highly sophisticated harmonic idiom. b. Big band dance music. is believed that Jazz was created from African-American musicians taking their cultural music andsound and incorporating it with an English-ness. From back in the cotton-field days down in SouthAmerica, when the workers would sing out loud their Mamas’ songs, came the blues which with theEnglish interaction came Jazz. Back then was a time “that cultivated vigorous rhythms that made yourbody move and deeply felt melody that made your heart pour out.”One significant difference between Jazz and other genres is the predominance of ‘swing’ – the rhythmicgroove that the musicians create when they play. The way in which the notes are played and themusicians interact their instruments with each other results in what is known as syncopation and in turnresults in a “visceral response”. In other words, ‘swing’ is music that inspires us to dance. Thesyncopated rhythm became ragtime, then Dixieland, Big Band and finally evolved into what we wouldcall modern jazz.But there is no one simple form of this genre as it connects to so many varying styles. Withmodernisation and the influence of cultures worldwide, Jazz has changed drastically toLatin, rhythm, be-bop, fusion, acid-jazz, funk and many more.
  13. 13. There are so many notable musicians who have paved the way in Jazz. Without a doubt it would be too hard to pinany one down, however I have given examples here of those I believe are worthy of the Jazz crown.It helps to appreciate that the music is performed either by voice; piano; bass/double bass; brass instrument/s;drums and percussion – using the voice or instruments independently, in harmony or as a band. Often the pianochords sound off-beat tied with an underlying melody connecting it together. In addition there will often be adistinctive walking bass line holding it’s own underneath.Louis “Pops” “Satchmo” Armstrong (1901-1971) is one of the most influential musicians of all time andpredominantly in the Jazz scene. From New Orleans, he instigated solo trumpet playing and sang with a distinctivegravelly voice, inspiring many other famous musicians.Thelonious Monk (1917-1982) was a master of this music with “complex and dissonant harmonies”. He was uniquein his appearance and favoured dark glasses, hats and suits naming him “hip”. Had a great influence on Miles Davis.Dizzy Gillespie (1917-1993) influenced Miles Davis with his trumpet playing and having spent time in Cuba, broughtthat influence to his music.Miles Davis (1926-1991): Like Louis Armstrong, Davis began at a young age playing the cornet and then thetrumpet. Moving to New York in 1944 he had opportunities to grow and learn playing with Charlie Parker, JohnColtrane and under the influence of Gil Evans. From ‘cool jazz’ to ‘hard bop’, Davis then made his best album “Kindof Blue” which is one of the best selling albums of all time.The legends of JazzBackground image:
  14. 14. The Latter Years in Jazz70’s 80’s 90’s today“let’s staytogether”“episteme” “wide openspaces”“batacuda (thebeat)”“missy” “living for the city” “night in tunisia” “no ordinary love”“a ladiesman” “your love is king” “power of love” “just what youneed”“come Sunday” “changingseasons”“chain of fools” “no stress”“harlem riverdrive”“spirit music” “give me onereason”“smoothoperator”
  15. 15. Top Jazz Artists through History70’s 80’s 90’sOf all timeKeith Jarrett Wes Montgomery SadeHerbie Hancock Miles Davis Jane Ira BloomCarlos Santana Tracy Chapman Guillermo GregorioJohn ColtraneLouis ArmstrongThelonius MonkElla FitzgeraldBillie HolidayMiles DavisDizzy GillespieTo listen to chosen Jazz music please click onbelow hyperlinks:Louis Armstrong “West End Blues”West End BluesSade “Smooth Operator” Chapman “Give Me One Reason”TRACY CHAPMAN/TALKIN BOUT A REVOLUTION LIVE [1990] - YouTube
  16. 16. REFERENCES• ElvisPresley. 2013. Elvis Presley. [ONLINE] Available at:[Accessed 08 May 13].• 2013. Red Hot Chili Peppers. [ONLINE] Availableat:[Accessed 08 May 13].• RockMusic. 2007. History of Rock Music. [ONLINE]Available at: [Accessed 08 May 13]• Wikipedia. 2013. Rock Music. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 08 May 13]• Wikipedia.18/5/2013.Britney Spears. [online] Available at :• Wikipedi.2013.Pop Music.[online] Available at:http://en.wikipedia.or/wiki/Pop_Music
  17. 17. • Pop Music Annual Song Charts. 2013. [online] Available• Michael Jackson.biography.2013.[online] Available at:• Wikipedia. Louis Armstrong.2013. [online] Available at: [Accessed 15 May 13]• “What a Wonderful World”.Louis Armstrong.2013. [online] Available at: [Accessed 15 May 13]• Wikipedia. Jazz. 2013. [Online} Available at: [Accessed 10 May 13]• Louis Armstrong. New Orleans. 2013. [Online] Available at:[Accessed 18 May 13]• Wikipedia. syncopation. 2013. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 19May 13]• Google. Top Jazz Songs.2013. [Online] Available at:; [Accessed19 May 13]• Google. Modern Jazz Artists 2012. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 18May 13]
  18. 18. “GOODBYE!”