PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF COLOMBIA<br />Duitama Faculty<br />ENGLISH V FOR TOURISM<br />´´ TOURISM THEORY AND PRACTICE``<br />
PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF COLOMBIA<br />Duitama Faculty<br />TEACHER: <br />Héctor García<br />BY:<br />Julián Mauricio Sánchez Gutiérrez<br />HOTEL AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT<br />
OVERVIEW<br /> Throughout the history of mankind has always had the need to travel motivated by many reasons such as obtaining basic resources (food, water, security) and advanced (technology, materials, knowledge, land) to the progress of different civilizations history. <br /> At present, tourism is one of the largest industries in the world represented by the WTO which provides more than 6 million jobs in the U.S. and annual revenues of over $ 3 trillion.<br />
Whatistourism?<br /> Tourism is a set of activities, services and industries that are related to the experience of travel such as transportation, lodging, meals and drinks, entertainment and more.<br />
Some definitions of tourism:<br /><ul><li>Mathieson and Wall (1982) created a good working definition of tourism as "the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs."
According to Macintosh and Goeldner (1986) tourism is "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors.“</li></ul>Some terms:<br /><ul><li>Excurionist: Persons traveling for pleasure in a period less than 24 hours .
Foreign Tourist: Any person visiting a country, other than that in which he/she usually resides, for a period of at least 24 hours.
Travel: The act of moving outside one's home community for business or pleasure but not for commuting or traveling to or from school.
Visitor: Any person visiting a country other than that in which he/she has his/her usual place of residence, for any reason other than following an occupation remunerated from within the country visited. </li></li></ul><li>Transportation<br />Transport systems are directly related to tourism because these meet needs that represents the mode of travel, time and fate, they have evolved with increasing demand and the tourism industry.<br /> These are:<br /><ul><li>Stagecoach (1500 A.D.) Invented in Hungary.
Railroads (1825)First passenger train was in England.
Boats & Ships (early 400 B.C., but first ocean liner 1840)
Air Travel (1919) by what is now know as Lufthansa Airline
Space Travel (2015) estimated date for passenger travel into suborbital space. </li></li></ul><li>fields of tourismaction<br />Attractions: <br /><ul><li>These are the primary motivation for travel, these are the main destinations and famous places like national parks or cities turn side there are places to be visited due to its location on the path to your main destination, these motivations may vary depending on:
Natural Resources: Natural resources are the combination of physical features , the climate, and the natural beauty of the area.
Culture: A way of life which is observed through a peoples religion, history, government and traditions.
X-treme Tourism: Tourism based on high adventure activities </li></li></ul><li>fields of tourism action<br />Facilities: <br />When tourists arrive at attractions they require facilities to provide services.<br /><ul><li>Accommodation.
Support Services: Usually are represented by small retail businesses providing souvenirs and personal services.
Infrastructure: These systems include water and sewer systems, communication networks, medical facilities, electricity, police and fire protection and roads.</li></ul>Transportation:<br /><ul><li>Time and Money: This is the critical component to tourism, the ability to get from Point A to Point B. the variables of Time, how long it takes to get to a specific destination, and Money, how much it costs to get to your destination.</li></ul>Hospitality:<br /><ul><li>The community's attitude which permeates every tourism location that makes the tourist feel welcome and safe. </li></li></ul><li>EssentialRequirementsforTourism<br /><ul><li>Time: the amount of hours that a person can have for your trip and planned activities, or employment.
Money: Monetary resources a person has to develop the travel and activities involved in this (A and B, accommodation, recreation and others).
Mobility, is the access to transportation (car, bus, plane, train or ship) and the hours required to get to their destination.
Motivation, is the reason people travel. Motivations may include seeking novelty, education, meet new people, adventure or stress reduction. </li></li></ul><li>
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